Ms. Martinez's English Web Page

Class Lessons and Activities
Writing Links and Lessons

 The Hook - Writing Good Topic Sentences
Mr. Indent PPT
Complete Sentences PPT
 Foolish Fragments PPT
Sparkle Words PPT
 5 paragraph Essay PPT
 Shopping Essay- Planning
Courage Flee Map
Sentence Stretcher PPT
Editing Activities
Fourth Grade Writing Link
 Punctuating Sentences Game
 Cursive Handwriting Chart
Writing Letters Lesson
 Writing Friendly Letters PPT
 Parts of a Letter PPt
 Friendly Letter Flip Charts
Textbook Links and Lessons
 Types of Sentences
  Complete Subjects & Predicates
  Writing An Essay - Give Me Five
  Resources for Writers
 Four Square Method PPT
 Simple Subjects & Predicates
  Run-On Sentences
  Complete Subjects amd PredicatesPPT
  Compound Subjects and Predicates
  Punctuating Sentences
  Singular & Plural Nouns
  More Plural Nouns
  Special Plural Nouns
  Common and Proper Nouns
 Singular Possessive Nouns
  Plural Possessives
 Using Plural Possessive Nouns
Compound Words
 Daily Grammar ARchives
  Sentence Builder Game
 Mrs. Dowlings Grammar Corner
 Mrs. Dowlings Composition Corner
  Action Verbs
 Main and Helping Verbs
  Verb Tense
 Subject Verb Agreement
  Irregular Verbs 1
  Irregular Verbs 2
  Spelling Verbs
  Linking Verbs
Present Tense Linking Verbs
 Past Tense Linking Verbs
  Contractions with Not
   Quotation Marks
  Adjectives After Linking Verbs
  Miss Take's Editing Challenge
  Comparing Adjectives Lesson
  Using More and Most
  What is a Pronoun?
 Subject Pronouns
Ojbect Pronouns
Possessive Pronouns
 Using I and Me
 Pronoun contractions
 More About Adverbs
Using Adverbs to Compare
Using Good and Well

 Action and Linking Verbs: Some good websites to check out are Verb Viper and Sentence Sort . This week we are reviewing verb tense on pages 156-159. We are also reviewing the structure of a paragraph. The following link is what we'll be reviewing:paragraphs

Types of Sentences

  Types of Sentences Flip charts
  Kinds of Sentences PPT
 Sentence Structure - many PPTs
 Sentence Activities
 Brain Pop
 Writing Prompt

Text pg. 4

Declarative Sentence: makes a statement; a telling sentence. Example: We arrived at the train station.

Interrogative Sentence: Asks a question.  Example: How many bags do you have?

Tell which sentences are declarative and which sentences ask a question.
1. We bought our tickets yesterday
2. Do you want the seat near the window
3. Who will meet us when we arrive
4. We can have lunch on the train
5. Did you bring a sandwich
6. Are you ready to board the train

More Practice
Write declarative or interrogative.
7. We will find our seats.
8. We are going to visit Aunt Lucy.
9. Aunt Lucy lives in Dallas, Texas.
10. Has the train started to move?
11. The train is passing a beautiful lake.
12. When will we arrive in Dallas?

B. Write each sentence correctly.
13. the train is moving

14. have you waved good-bye

15. i am glad we are sitting together

16. what book are you reading

17. i am too excited to read

18. do you feel the train slowing down

19. i hope we will arrive on time

20. can we have lunch now

Extra Practice pg. 29

Write each sentence correctly.
19. we spent last weekend at the farm

20. the apple harvest was just starting.

21. how many people work for your uncle

22. which foods can be made from apples

23. my aunt often serves sweet baked apples

24. my uncle makes jars of applesauce

25. how many apples are needed to make a pie

Writing Prompt

There are many people we meet who make a difference in our lives. Think about people you know or have met. Choose ONE person who has made a big difference in your life. Now, write two paragraphs for your teacher describing that person, AND describe his or her positive effect on your life.

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Complete Subjects and Complete Predicates

 Sentence Intro chart
 BrainPop Subjects & Predicates
  Complete and Simple Subject flip chart
 Combining Subjects and Predicates
  power point
 Quiz Subject & Predicate Games
 Subject Predicate PPT
* Subject/predicate ppt
 Subject/Verb Agreement ppt
 Subject/predicate song
 Many PPts on Sentences
 What is a sentence? ppt **

Text pg. 8
Every sentence has two important parts.
The subject part tells you Whom or What the sentence is about.
The predicate part tells you what the subject does or is.

The subject and predicate can be one word or many words.
The complete subject is all the words in the subject.
The complete predicate is all of the words in the predicate part.

Complete subject:                Complete Predicate:
                Flowers             bloomed.
Many colorful flowers            bloomed in our garden.

Guided Practice:
Tell the complete subject and complete predicate in each sentence.
(Use activ pen to underline the subject once and the predicate part twice.)
1. The warm weather surprised us.
2. The whole family worked in the garden.
3. We planted flowers by the house.
4. My father grew tomato plants from seeds.
5. The tomatoes ripened.
6. My sister and I made tomato soup.
7. The whole family loves our garden.

More Practice: (pg.9)
A.Write complete subject or complete predicate to tell which part of the sentence is underlined.
8. The turning leaves signal the beginning of fall.
9. The squirrels collect nuts for the winter.
10. A new school year starts in September.
11. The cool winds blow.
12. People wear sweaters during the day.
13. Crisp red apples ripen on the trees.

B. Write each sentences. Draw a line between the complete subject and complete predicate.
14. Winter is my favorite time of year.
15. The first snowflakes begin the season.
16. I need new mittens this year.
17. My brother complains about the winter.
18. He dislikes cold weather.
 19. My sister smiles.
20. Her friends ski on the big hill.

Extra Practice pg. 31
A.Write subject if the complete subject is underlined. Write predicate if the complete predicate is underlined.
1. Ms. Tantillo teaches a painting class.
2. Groups of students go to her studio.
3. My sister takes lessons on Saturdays.
 4. I begin my art class next month.
5. My first class is about watercolors.
6. I will try painting with oils next.
7. The teacher mixes her own colors.
8. She uses a variety of brushes.
9. Her own paintings are outstanding.
10. My paintings will be as good as hers.

B. Write each sentence. Draw a line between the complete subject and complete predicate.
11. some people build things as a hobby.
12. My mother made a birdhouse last week.
13. She cut the wood with a small saw.
14. The pieces fit together nicely.
15. We added a perch to the front.
16. The birdhouse hands from a large tree.
17. Two little birds live in the house.
18. They bring food and twigs inside.

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Compound Subjects and Predicates

A and a    are the same color.

Thejumped and hopped when he saw the banana.

 Power Point presentation

The sentences you write about can tell about two or more different people or things and what they do. A sentence with two simple subjects joined by the word and has a compound subject. A sentence with two simple predicates joined by and has a compound predicate.

Subjects are nouns that tell "who or what"  in the sentence.

Compound Subjects:
  The sidewalks andstreets  are full of people.

Compound predicates:
    The parade twists and turns down the street.

Some sentences can even have a compound subject and a compound predicate.

    Ex. Boys and girls clap and cheerfor the dragon.

Guided Practice:
p 14
Tell which sentences have a compound subject or a compound predicate. Tell which sentences have both. Who or What = Subject Action=Predicate
1. Adults and childrengive and receive presents.
2. People prepare and eat meals without meat.
3. Candles and special flowers decorate the homes.
4. Peaches and plums mean long life.
5. Children and parentsvisit and celebrate with friends.

Write the two main words that are in the compound subject or the compound predicate.
6. Excitement and joy greet the Chinese New Year.
7. Sweet numts and rice are made into treats.
8. Strength and goodnes come from the Chinese dragon.
9. Many men walk and dance under the dragon.
10. Gold and silver decorate the dragon's head.
11. The huge head shakes and jumps at the crowd.
12. Some people light and throw sparklers.

13. Special dances and music are part of the Nigerian New Year.
14. Farmers harvest and store their crops ahead of time.
15. Tasty food and drinks are prepared.
16. In Bolivia, people walk and ride to a New Year's fair.
17. Parents and children enjoy the fair.
18. Merchants display and sell artwook and rugs.
19. Some people buy and wear pretty scarves.
20. Tiny pots and pans decorate little dolls.

 Compound Subjects and Compound Predicates REview Sheet

 Compound Subject & Predicates Quiz Practice

More Practice  pg. 34

 Write compound subject or compound predicate to tell which part of each sentence is underlined.
1. Mom and Dad discuss the move.
2. Books and magazines fit in this box.
3. The movers wrap and pack the dishes.
4. Chairs and tables are stacked against the wall.
5. aunt Janet covers and labels all the food.
6. The dog and cat hide in the kitchen.
7. Friends and neighbors say good-bye.
8. The moving van turns and drives away.
9. My sister and I take a last look.
10. We smile and wave at the neighbors.

Underline the two subjects or the two predicates.
11. The new house and yard are on the corner.
12. The van turns sharply and stops.
13. The movers unload and carry the boxes.
14. My sister skips and runs around the yard.
15. My parents and I enter the house.
16. The bule couch and chair are left in the hall.
17. The bookcase and desk fit in my room.
18. Our cat sniffs and hisses at everything.

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Punctuating Sentences

Every sentence must begin with a capital letter ( green light) . Every sentence must end with a punctuation mark. (red light)

Type of Sentence            End Mark                Example
      Declarative                                 Period             Ducks lay their eggs in the spring.
(makes a statement)

     Interrogative                      question mark            Is a male duck called a drake?
(asks a question)

     Imperative                                   period         Please tell me about mallards.

     Exclamatory                   exclamation point      What hard work it is to build a nest!
   (shows strong feeling)

 Capitals and Punctuation PPT
Pg. 18
Guided Practice
Tell how you would correctly punctuate each sentence.

1. brown feathers help her to hide. beautiful the drake's green feathers are
3. where do the ducks build their nests
4. a female might lay eight eggs
5. come with me to see if the duck's nest
6. ducks build their nests near water

Write each sentence correctly.
7. watch the female duck collect twigs

8. she lines the nest with feathers

9. how soft the feathers are

10. for how  long does the mother sit on her eggs

11. does she ever leave the nest

12. please help me count the eggs

13. there are four eggs here

14. when will  the ducklings hatch

15. how exciting that day will be

16. please do not touch the eggs

17. a duckling is growing inside each one

18. the egg yolk provides food for the duckling

19. what part of the duckling grows first

20. look in a book for the answer

21. when does the shell become thin

22. what is the point on the duck's bill called

23. look, the ducklings are hatching

24. how weak the new ducklings look

25. when will their feathers dry

pg. 38 
Write declarative, interrogative, imperative, exclamatory.
1. What a mess this room is!
2. Will you help me clean it?
3. We will need two hours to finish the job.
4. Pick up all the books first.
5. On which shelf shall I put them?
6. Please show me where you put the toys.
7. I put the toys in the closet.
8. Why did you do that?
9. The toys belong in the closet on the shelf.
10. Put the other toys in the closet.

Write each sentence correctly.
11. my family is planning a yard sale.
12. what a good idea that is
13. on what day will the sale start
14. how much will you charge for these books
15. please bring something to sell
16. how will the sale money be used
17. a park will be built in the vacant lot
18. how exciting a new park will be

Write each run-on sentence as two separate sentences.  Be usre to capitalize and punctuate each sentence correctly.

19. we have many chores many people will help
20. the first chore is the town parkit is a mess
21. the town park is dirty who will clean it
22. what a big job cleaning the park will be how many people have volunteered
23. most of the students will help please jouin us if you can
24. the town lent us a big truck will we have enough trash bags
25. we plan to begin this weekend the park will look great

Writing Prompt

Read the topic and write a well organzied composition of about 100 to 150 words.  Be sure to follow the suggestions listed under the box.
Writing Topic
Your school needs stories for the next school writing contest.  You have decided to write about an invention that is yours to use for one day.  Before you begin to write, think about what hapens as you use this invention for one day.
Your story should be 5 paragraphs.

Be sure your story has a beginning, a middle, and an end.

Give specific details and enough information so that your readers will understand what happened.

Be sure to write clearly.

Check your writing for correct spelling, punctuation, and grammar.

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Text pg. 76-77

A noun names a person, place, thing, or idea. 


People               Places       Things       Ideas
clerk                  store          clothes        love
shoppers           town           bike            loyalty
children            department                    happiness
pets                  school          pencil       beauty
cat                     house          catalog     courage

 Nouns PPT
 Name It
 JC Schools Interactive PPT
 Nouns 3-5 PPT
 Noun Worksheet 1
 Noun Worksheet 3
 Noun Brainpop

Find the two nouns in each sentence. Tell whether each noun names a person, place, or thing.

1. Some stores have more than one department.
2. These stores are often found near cities.
3. Each department sells certain items.
4. One floor may display furniture.
5. Signs help the shoppers.

Write/underline the nouns.
6. Some families shopped in the nearest town.
7. Other people lived far away from towns.
8. Stores mailed catalogs to these people.
9. Customers ordered from the catalogs.
10. Plows and dresses could be ordered.
11. Even large wagons could be bought.
12. Orders were shpped from the city.
13. Many people shopped from only one catalog.
14. A few stores serviced the whole country.
15. People now shop in different places.
16. Most large towns have malls.
17. The mall contains several stores.
18. These stores sell many things.
 19. Shoppers can buy shoes or clothes in one store.
20. Customers might go to another store for a radio.
21. A gardener can find a mower for the yard.
22. A camper can find a tent and a backpack.
23. Some stores sell small pets.
24. Children can find a puppy or a hamster.
25. A large store may have a restaurant.

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Singular Nouns and Plural Nouns
pg. 78-79

                                                                        Singular                          Plural
                                                          one book                      more than one book

Things to Remember

Add S to form the plural of most nouns. 
Example : tree     trees          bowl     bowls
Add es to form the plural of nouns ending in s, x, ch, or sh.
Example: bus  -  buses           fox  -  foxes           sandwich  - sandwiches
                bush - bushes
Words that end in f - change f to v and add es
 wolf - wolves                fox-  foxes             ax -  axes
 Nouns PPT
 Spelling Plural Nouns PPT
 Quia Games
 Noun REview Game Competition
 The Plural Girls Game
 Singular and Plural Flashcards
 Interactive Practice

Identify the nouns. Tell which nouns are singular and which nouns are plural.

1. The picnic will be fun.
2. Many students come to the picnic.
3. The table is filled with boxes and dishes.
4. The teachers sit on the benches in the park.
5. One student eats a big sandwich.

Write the noun. Tell whether it's singular or plural.
6. The picnic was held last year.
7. Many foods were served.
8. This year, tents will be put over tables.
9. Guests will choose from many foods.
10. One bbooth will serve different fruits.
11. Bunches of grapes will be displayed.
12. Students can choose a salad or a sandwich.
13. Cider and milk will be served.

Write the plural form of each underlined noun.
14.  Food box are being stored at the school.
15. Several bus will take them to the park.
16. The picnic menu will be given out.
17. Someone has to count the glass for the drinks.
18. Many dish will be served to the guests.
19. Has anyone volunteered to cook the hamburger?
20. We hope there will not be any weather delay.

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Ms. Martinez's Website
 Plural-Singular Nouns ppt
  All About Nouns ppt
  RHL Practice
  Grammar Gobblins
More Singular and Plural Nouns
Text pg. 80-81
Some Nouns that end in y form their plurals in a special way.
Add s if a noun ends in a vowel and y
boy          boys
key           keys

Change the y to i and add es if a noun ends in a consonant and y.
family     families
country    countries
berry     berries

 Intro to Plurals flip chart
 Fun Brain Plurals Game
 JC Schools Nouns Link
 Extra Practice pg. 104

Guided Practice:
Spell the plural form of each noun.
1. lady                                                6. fly
2. holiday                                           7. subway
3. daisy                                              8. canaray
4. turkey                                           9. puppy
5. company                                      10.birthday

More Practice:
Write the plural of each noun.
11. guppy                    12. bay                    13. valley
14. baby                     15. lily                     16. jay
17. city                      18. monkey              19. city
20. lady                    21. canary                22. story
23. donkey               24. worry                 25. day
26. tray                    27. factory              28. joy
29. valley                 30. city
Complete each sentence. Write the plural form of the noun in parentheses.
1. Three classmates had _______________. (birthday)
2. A friend received two stuffed ___________. (puppy)
3. She really liked the __________. (toy)
4. Girls and ______________ played games. (boy)
5. Some children told ___________. (story).
6. At one party actors performed short __________. (play)
7. At another party the children rode _________. (donkey)

Underline/Write the correct plural form of the noun.
1. For several ( day, daies) now, we have been studying a new topic in science.
2. We have been studying the (galaxy, galaxies).
3. Many spaceships have made (journeys, journies), but only one has left our galaxy.
4.  Several (countrys, countries) want to know about outer space.
5. There are many (ways, waies) to study outer space.
6. In some (citys, cities) there are huge telescopes to look at the stars.
7. The (bois, boys) and girls in my city have formed a star club.
8. Sometimes we wwrite (storys, stories) about outer space.
9. We all hope to make great ( discoverys, discoveries ) in the future.
10. OUr (familys, families) hope to look at the stars, too.

Extra Practice pg. 104 (homework)

Write the plural noun in each sentence.
1. The daisies bloomed.
2. Three bluejays chirped.
3. The summer days were peaceful.
4. Several boys played in the park
5. Two babies sat with their mothers.
6. One baby played with toys.
7. Somefamilies had a picnic.
8. Tom brought a bow of cherries.
9. Later, we will ride on ponies.
10. There are many ways to have fun on a picnic.

Write the plural form of each noun.
11. factory             12. holiday            13. delivery            14. donkey
15. story            16. chimney            17. memory            18. highway

One noun in each sentence should be plural. Find that noun and write it correctly.
19. Several raccoon family lived near the road.
20. The baby were very cute.
21. They were several day old.
22. The raccoons ate berry from bushes.
23. They stayed away from their many enemy.
24. Farmers told story about the raccoons.
25. Raccoons can be as playful as monkey.

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Ms. Martinez's Webpage

Special Plural Nouns
Text pg. 82-83

Childrenwill go trick or treating on Halloween.

You add s or es to singular nouns to form most plural nouns. The plural forms of some nouns do not follow a regular spelling pattern. these nouns have special plural forms.

Woman     Women
man         men
child        children
foot         feet
Singular    Plural
tooth       teeth
goose       geese
mouse      mice
ox          oxen

Some nouns can be used to meanboth one and more than one. Their singular and plural forms are the same.
She has a pet sheep.            Her book is about sheep.
One deer stood nearby.         I read about three deer.
Have you seen a moose?         Two moose stared at me.

Complete each sentence using the correct plural form of the noun in parentheses ( ).
1. Adults and (child) use the library.
2. (Man)and women can find interesting books.
3. Several books tell about raising pet (mouse).
Write the plural form of the noun in parentheses.
4. This book shows different kinds of (goose).
5. There are even books about caring for (sheep).
6. Look in the card catalog for the titles of books about (moose).
7. Someone wants to write a report about (ox).
8. The encyclopedia article tells about (goose).
9. The magazine shows (deer) at the zoo.
10. This book is about men and (woman) who moved west in the 1800's.
11. The (child) rode in a wagon pulled by an ox.
12. I wanted a book about (tooth) for my report.
13. A runner chose several books that gave instructions for the proper care of (foot).
14. Here is a book about training (mouse).
15. The news article is about  famous (man) in sports.
16. There are two articles about (deer).
17. The class wants a story about  pet (mouse).
18. The book about the (ox) was not returned.
19. Choose a book for (child) about pet geese.
20. Does the library have a book about (moose)?

Writing Activities
Halloween Story Ideas

1.  Students are to complete the story:

One Halloween my friends and I were going trick-or-treating in our neighborhood. Down the street from us was an old deserted house that everyone thought was haunted. We went to the house and rang the bell. There was no answer. We tried the door. It was unlocked, so we entered the house. The door slammed behind us and...

This is part of the opening paragraph for your writing prompt. Finish the prompt and describe the haunted house to a friend of yours who just moved to your neighborhood. You should write a five paragraph essay to tell how the house looked on the inside, what it sounded like, and how it felt to be there. Would you want your friend to go into the house?

Create a flow map
Opening Paragraph:
     One Halloween night my friends and I were going trick-or-treating in our neighborhood. Down the street from us was an old deserted house that everyone thought was haunted. We went to the house and rang the bell. There was no answer. We tried the door. It was unlocked so we entered the house. The door slammed behind us and ....
                    ( won't believe what we saw, and heard. We were terrified. I have to tell you about it. Then you can decide if you are brave enough  to try and enter.)

Paragraph two: Describe the first room or what happened in the first room

Paragraph three: Describe the second room or what happened next.

Paragraph four: Describe the third room   or how you got out.
Paragraph five: Conclusion

Writing Prompt : Your teacher has asked you to describe your Halloween costume to your classmates at morning meeting. Tell about your clothes, your mask, and your loot bag.

Halloween Poetry
Line 1 : Halloween
Line 2: Something you see on this holiday
Line 3 : Something you smell on this holiday
Line 4: Something you hear on this holiday
Line 5: Something you taste on this holiday
Line 6 something you touch on this holiday
Line 7: Halloween

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Ms. Martinez's Website
Common and Proper Nouns
pg. 84-85
Introductory Power Point

noun is a word that names a person, place, thing, or idea. 
A common noun names any person, place, thing, or idea.
A proper noun names a particular person, place, thing, or idea.

Common Noun: Student

      Proper Noun:
John Smith


Common Noun: school 
                                       Proper Noun: Abney Elementary

Common Noun: car

Proper Noun: 
Mercedez Benz

Notice that the Proper Noun always begins with a capital letter. In a proper noun that has more than one word, each important word begins with a capital letter.
More Examples
Common Nouns
Person: farmer, child, aunt
  Place: state, beach, country
Thing: month, holiday, dog

Proper Nouns
Person: Jack, Lisa, Aunt Julie
Place: Texas, Gulf Shores, United States of America
Thing: September, Thanksgiving, Sadie

Noun Activity: Use this template to locate and copy and paste a picture of a common and proper noun to the document. Save it to the desktop.
 Proper Noun Flip chart
 Common and Proper Nouns PPT

Guided Practice

Find the nouns in each sentence. Tell whether they are common or proper.

1.  The apple was first grown in Europe and Asia.
2. Many apples are grown in the United States.
3. Is New York known for its apples?
4. There are many orchards in Ulster County.
5. The farmers  must pick the fruit by late September.

Think: A common noun names any person, place, or thing.
A proper noun names a special person, place, or thing.

More Practice

Write the nouns in each sentence. Then write common or proper next to each one to show what kind of noun it is.
6. Many states in the United States grow apples. 
7. Do apples grow in the state of Washington?
8. In America apples are often baked in pies.
9. Many people enjoy this fruit.
10. Some children bob for apples on Halloween.
Write each sentence correctly by capitalizing the proper nouns. Then underline any common nouns that you find.

11. Will jan serve apples for dessert?
12. The apples from new york taste sweet.
13. Choose an apple from rhode island for tom.
14. Many apples are grown near yakima, washington.
15. The crops in the valley are picked in october.
16. By thanksgiving markets are stocked with apples.
17. The browns have an orchard near winslow hills.
18. Aunt doris hankes owns the orchard.
19. Doris walks through her orchards each monday.
20. Uncle max ships apples to texas.

 Common and Proper Noun Flip Chart Practice

Common and Proper noun ppt

 Nouns PPT
 Quia Review Game
 Quia Games
 Noun Review Game Competition
  C & P Worksheet
 Common Noun Worksheet
 Proper Nouns Worksheet
 Interactive Practice
Extra Practice (Pg. 106)
 A. Write the underlined nuns in each sentence. Then write common or proper to show what kind of noun each one is.

1. The United States continues to explore space.
2. A mission to Jupiter is planned.
3. A spacecraft will be launched in November.
4. The Galileo will travel for six years.
5. The craft will orbit the huge planet.
6. Its journey will also take it past Venus.
7. Mars is another planet to explore.
8. Two crafts traveled to the Red Planet in 1976.
9. Viking 2 landed on its surface in July.
10. The cameras sent color pictures back to Earth.

C. Write each sentence correctly by capitalizing the proper nouns.Draw one line under each common noun and two lines under each proper noun.
19. The first mission took place in july 1929.
20. This mission was apollo11.
21. The last landing was in December 1972.
22. eugene cernan collected rocks.
23. The module was piloted by ronald evans.
24. Most astronauts would like to go to mars.
25. The first woman in space was sallyride.

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Ms. Martinez's Webpage
Singular Possessive Nouns
Text pg. 86-87

Drew Brees's jersey number is 9.
 Possessive Nouns PPT

You can use nouns in many different ways.  Some nouns show that someone or something owns or has something.  A singular noun that shows ownership is called a singular possessive noun.
Singular Noun

The wheel chair of Bob is new.

The hearing aid Pam owns helps her in class.

The book the boy has is written in Braille.
Singular Possessive Noun

Bob's wheelchair is new.

Pam's hearing aid helps her in class.

The boy's book is written in Braille.
Notice that by adding an apostrophe and s ('s) to a singular noun, you can make it possessive.
Introductory Power Point

Guided Practice
pg. 86

Say each phrase another way. Use the possessve form of the underlined noun. Example: the job of the nurse; the nurse's job

1. the help of the teacher
2. the research of the doctor
3. the leash of the dog
4. the telephone Jerry owns
5. the glasses Pearl has

More Practice pg. 87
Write each phrase in another way. Use the possesssive form of the noun in dark type.
6. the problem of the man
7. a chair belonging to Sarah
8. eyesight of the dog
9. computer used by the boy
10. painting done by Donna
11. the jacket of my brother
12. typewriter of our neighbor

Write the singular possessive form of the noun in parentheses( ).
13. A blind _____ talking books help him learn . (boy)
14. _____ dog helps him cross the street. (Sam)
15. The  _____ training has helped Sam. (dog)
16. _____ car has special controls. (Bev)
17. _____ parking space is specially marked. (Joe)
18. The lights in _____ home are voice controlled. (Mary)
19. _____ friends help him. (Blake)
20. Dr. _____ note complements Blake. (Scott)

 Singular Possesive Worksheet
 Good Noun Review WS
 Singular Possessive Noun WS
 Grammar Lesson Handout
 Singular Possessive Game/Practice
 Possesive Nouns PPT

Extra Practice pg. 107

B. Write each sentence using the singular possessive form of the noun in parentheses.
11. A (mechanic) idea led to the pop-up toaster.
12. A (customer) burnt toast gave him the idea.
13. Charles (Strite) invention did not work at first.
14. This (inventer) solution was a timer.
15. One (man) idea for a can opener was welcome.
16. The idea for a (soldier) knife may have been used before.
17. William (Lyman) cutting wheel was safer.
18. It made the (worker) life easier.

Writing Prompt: November 1: On this day in 1908, Henry Ford introduced the Model T. Explain to your classmates what you think a car of the future might look like. You should talk about its looks, special features, and the type of fuel it uses. Write 5 paragraphs.

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Ms. Martinez's Web Page
Plural Possessive Nouns
Text pg. 88-89

Sheep's wool

Just as a singular noun can show what one person or thing owns or has, a plural noun can show what more than one person or thing owns or has.  A plural noun that shows ownership is a plural possessive noun.

  Here are two rules for forming plural possessive nouns:

When a plural noun ends in s, add an apostrophe.
     Ex. voices of the singers ------ singers' voices

  When a plural noun does not end in s, add an   apostrophe  and s ('s).
     Ex. bells of the sheep------sheep's bells

 Possessive Perfection Flip Chart
 Possessive Online quiz
 Noun Review PPT
 Possessive Noun pdf.
 Possessive Noun Review WS/lesson

Guided Practice

Change each underlined plural noun to a plural possessive noun.  Then tell which word shows what the persons or things own or have.

Ex. the horns of the animals    --  animals' horns

1. the votes of some people
2. the rights of all citizens
3. the decisions of all voters
4. the meeting of our classes
5. the park for many deer

More Practice

Rewrite each group of words.  Use the possessive form of the nound in dark type.
6. the rights of people
7. the choices of voters
8. the ideas of many candiddates
9. the leadership of some women
10. the plans of those leaders
11. the laws of these states
12. the laygournds of two groups
13. the wishes of many families
14. the ideas of some students
15. the hard work of all the citizens

Write the possessive form of each plural noun in parentheses.
16.  People met to solve two ______ problems (groups)
17. These __________ terms were not clearn. (states)
18.  Two ______ lands are the issue.  (ranchers)
19. The  _______ grazing lands are in danger.
20.  Are the _______ pens large enough? (sheep)

Extra Practice Pg. 108

C. Rewrite each group of words.  Use the plural possessive form of the noun in dark type.
19. education of the children
20. clubs of the men
21. groups of the citizens
22. cooperation of the people
23. actions of a few farmers
24. products of the consumers
25. rights of the animals

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Using Possessive Nouns
Text pg. 90

the bunnies' carrots

Singular Possessive
Plural Possessive

Guided Practice

Find the possessive noun in each group of words.  Tellwhether it is a singular or plural possessive .
Ex. the child's toy  -   child's  -  singular possessive

1.  The whales' big tails
2. the children's zoo
3. the woman's pink hat
4. the goose'sbaby
5. two deer's antlers

More Practice
Write the possessive noun in each sentence. Then write whether it is a singular or plural possessive.
Ex.    The whale's tail is large.  whale's   singular
6.  A dolphin's snout is pointed.
7. The porpoises' snouts are flat.
8. Many sea animals' habits are interesting.
9. The walruses' tricks are funny.
10. The sea otter's coat is shiny.
11.  children's shows are daily events.

Write the correct possessive form of each noun in parentheses to complete each sentence.
12. Will the ____ zoo open soon? (children)
13. The ____ cage is empty.  (animal)
14. Are the ____ tails long ? (monkeys)
15. Sue looked into the ______ den . (lion)
16. The ______ trunks are swinging (elephants)
17. The two ______ tails are pretty (peacocks)
18. Are the _____ cages nearby? ( penguins)
19. The _______ pen is open (sheep)
20. That ______ pass to the zoo is mine (visitor)

Extra Practice

B. Write the plural possessive form of the noun in parentheses.
11. Many wild (animals) homes are threatened.
12. The (deer) grazing land is shrinking.
13. Many (moose) territories have been invaded.
14. Some (visitors) picnic areas in national parks are closed.
15. The (rangers) job is to limit visiors.
16. Some (men) groups work withpark officials.
17. The (sheep) pens need repair.
18. The (children) zoo needs much work.

C. Rewrite each group of words. Use the plural possessive form of the noun in dark type.

19. education of the children
20. clubs of the men
21. groups of the citizens
22. cooperation of the people
23. actions of a few farmers
24. products of the consumers
25. rights of the animals

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Ms. Martinez's English Webpage
pg. 92-93

Gov. Bobby Jindall

Sometimes a proper noun is abbreviated. An abbreviation is the shortened form of a word.  Most abbreviations begin with a capial letter and end with a period.  Abbreviations  are used in special kinds of writing such as lists and addresses.

any woman
married woman
Post Office

Guided Practice Ms. Delaup's Abbreviation PPT
Tell the abbreviation for each underlined word.
Ex. Wednesday afternoon     Wed.

1. Doctor Joan Che
2. Senator George Perez
3. Mister Mondosa
4. Post Office Box 82
5. Monday on Main Avenue

Learn These Abbreivations.

AL (Alabama)
HI (Hawaii)
MI (Michigan)
NY (New York)
TN (Tennessee)
AK (Alaska)
ID (Idaho)
MN (Minnesota)
NC (North Carolina)
TX (Texas)
AZ (Arizona)
IL (Illinois)
MS (Mississippi)
ND (North Dakota)
UT (Utah)
AR (Arkansas)
IN (Indiana)
MO (Missouri)
OH (Ohio)
VT (Vermont)
CA (California)
IA (Iowa)
MT (Montana)
OK (Oklahoma)
VA (Virginia)
CO (Colorado)
KS (Kansas)
NE (Nebraska)
OR (Oregon)
WA (Washington)
CT (Connecticutt)
Ky (Kentucky)
NV (Nevada)
PA (Pennsylvania)
WV (West Virginia)
DE (Delaware)
LA (Louisiana)
NH (New Hampshire)
RI (Rhode Island)
WI (Wisconsin)
FL (Florida)
ME (Maine)
NJ (New Jersey)
SC (South Carolina)
Wy (Wyoming)
GA (Georgia)
MD (Maryland)
NM (New Mexico)
SD (South Dakota)
MA (Massachusetts)

Most abbreviations begin with a capital and end with a period. State abbreviations have both letters capital, but there are no periods.

More Practice
Write the abbreviation for each underlined word.
6. Mister Stein
7. the Medi Company
8. Monday, October 3
9. 380 First Avenue
10. Doctor Tanya Simpson
11. Wednesday, April 4
12. Governor Black
13. 603 Canby Drive
14. Saturday in January
15. Senator Ellis
16. Mr. Carl Brown, Senior
17. Representative Even Wong
18. 5 Grant Boulevard
19. 16 River Road
20. Friday, August 21
21. Tuesday, June 22
22. Post Office Box 309
23. Thomas Flynn, Junior
24. December 31, 1992
25. Thursday, February 6

 USA Abbreviations Wordsearch
 US Abbreviations Flip chart
  Worksheets/scroll down
  State Abbreviations Worksheet
 WS pdf Practice
 Grammar Slammer Rules pdf

pg. 112 Extra Practice
Write the abbreviation for the underlined words.
1. Mister Sandoz
2. Doctor Elizabeth Blackwell
3. Governor Jane Lyons
4. Senator Harold Caraway
5. The senator from Arkansas
6. The representative from Montana
7. Downing Street
8. Pennsylvania Avenue
9. Rodeo Drive
10. Hollywood Boulevard
11. Broadway in October
12. Telegraph Road
13. Mardi Gras in February
14. Thanksgiving on a Thursday
15. a Tuesday in November
16. A Monday in September
17. Senator Dan Morrow
18 Holyoke, Massachusetts

Review pg. 114-115 in text - Maintenance

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Ms. Martinez's Compound Words Webpage
p 94-95

 Geocities Interactive
 Compounds PPT
 Compound PPT 2
 Compound Words Interactive Site
 Quia Interactive
  CrickWeb Practice

Some long words arer really two or more short words joined together.  These words are called Compound Words.  Compound words are often made by joining two nouns together.

Examples:  tooth + brush = toothbrush
    dog + house = doghouse
    play + ground = playground

You can often figure out the meaning of the compound word from the meaning of each word in the compound.

paper that covers a wall
a berry that is blue
a store that sells books
a lace for tying shoes

Guided Practice
Find the compound word in each sentence. Tell which two words make up the compound word.
1. Some people make model airplanes.
2. They use sandpaper to smooth the wooden pieces.
3. Other peoplebuild models of railroads.
4. A workshop is handy for any kind of hobby.
5. List your hobby ideas in a notebook.
6. You may like to grow plants in a greenhouse.
7.  Woodcarving is a relaxing hobby.
8. Did you build the birdhouse?
9. He used wood to make a sailboat.
10. Funny dolls can be made from clothespins.
11. Thepainter sketched the waterfall.
12. The artist uses a paintbrush.
13. Some people enjoy raising goldfish.
14. Others would rather sit on a riverbank and fish.
15. His fishing line hangs from the side of a rowboat.

Change the words in parentheses to a compound word.

16. Do you own a (skate ona board)?
17. I like the (ground where I play).
18. Many people play (ball with a basket).
19. People of all ages can be (mates on a team).
20. Some skate on a (walk by the side of the street).

Extra Practice pg. 113
C. Change the words in parentheses to a compound.
19. Long ago, people used (wood for a fire) for cooking.
20. The wood was put in a (place to make fires).
21. They went to the (house for a hen) for eggs.
22. Biscuits were made of (dough that is sour).
23. They cleaned dishes in a (tub for the wash).
24. Milk was delivered to the (step before the door).
25. Cows were kept in the (yard by the barn.)

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Ms. Martinez's English Page
Action Verbs

Daily Grammar Archives-Lesson 1
 Intro. PPT
 Daily Grammar Archives-Lesson 2
 Using Verbs In Poetry
 Verb Master Interactive Quiz
 BrainPop -Verbs and their objects
  Action Verbs Flip Chart
 Big Herb Verbs Video
 Forms of Verbs Flip Chart
 Action Verb Anna
 Mrs. Dowlings Grammar Corner

What is an Action Verb?

     An action verb is a word that expresses action.
You know that all sentences have a subject and a predicate.  The predicate tells what the subject does or is. The main word in the predicate is the verb.  Most verbs are action verbs.  An action verb expresses an action.  It tells what the subject does or did.
Mom and Dad
My sister
wrote a note
put it on the table
found the note.
read the note.
pg 152-153
Guided Practice
Tell the action verb in each sentence. 
1. Tom wrote a note to Stan.
2. Tom left the note in Stan's lunch box.
3. Tom asked Stan for an apple.
4. He gave Tom an apple.
Write the action verb in each sentence.
6. Jose mailed a letter to Roberto.
7. Roberto lives in Puerto Rico.
8. Roberto's family moved there last year.
9. Jose misses Roberto.
10. The friends send letters to each other often.
11.  Jose writes to Roberto often.
12. Roberto answers Jose's letters quickly.
Write an action verb in each blank.
13. Mom and I ____ a letter from my sister Toby.
14. Toby ____ in San Francisco, California.
15. Toby _____ us to visit her.
16. Mom ____ me about the trip
17. I ____ the idea very much.
18. Mom ____ to Toby.
19. She _____ Toby's invitation.
20. Mom ____ to visit the Golden Gate Park.

Extra Practice pg. 178

A. Write the action verb in each sentence.
1.We visited a large post office.
2. We learned about the mail.
3. We noticed some beautiful stamps.
4. George bought some unusual stamps.
5. A guide showed us around.
6. She told us many interesting things.
7. The post office provides many services.
8. People apply for passports.
9. Packages and letters move quicky on their way.
10. A letter arrived in the mail.

B. Write the complete predicate in each sentence. Underline the action verb.
11. Karen sent me an invitation.
12. I opened it immediately.
13. She invited me to a birthday party.
14. She planned the part for next week.
15. I love birthday parties!
16. I mailed the note back to Karen.
17. I answered her invitation.
18. I bought her a lovely gift.

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Ms. Martinez's English Web Page
Main Verbs and Helping Verbs
Text pg. 154-155

 Main and helping Verbs pdf
 Helping Verb Test -Interactive
 State of Being Verbs Test
 Mrs. Dowling Interactive Practice
 Verb Phrase PPt

Sometimes a verb may be more than one word. The main verb tells what the subject does or is.  A verb that comes before the main verb is the helping verb.

Verbs  Often Used As Helping Verbs
have  has    had    am    is   are    was    were    will   shall     do    did 

Read the sentences below. The main verbs are in red. The helping verbs are in green.
Allanislearning a new alphabet.
The alphabet wasinventedmany years ago.
He has readmany books about it.
Sarah will teach him the new letters.

Guided Practice
Tell which word in each sentence is the main verb and which is the helping verb.
1. I have learned many letters.
2. He is learning a new letter every day.
3. some alphabets have included pictures for words.
4. One person had invented symbols for some sounds.
5. I am studying an unusual alphabet.

More 155
Write the verb. Tell which word is helping and which is the main verb.
6. Twenty six letters are included in our alphabet.
7. That alphabet had come from the Roman alphabet.
8. The Egyptians had created picture writing.
9. The picture writing is called kieroglyphics.
10. My grandmother has learned all of the symols.
11. She will teach me their meanings.
12. Amy is studying the Greek alphabet.
13. She has written each letter on a chart.
14. Joe will read the letters in the alphabet.
15. We are learning about different alphabets.
16. Many alphabets were taken from the Greek alphabet.
17. The Greek letters are used in the other alphabets.
18. Our letter names have come from Greek.
19. My teachers are studying the first alphabet.
20. Ssome languages are written with signs.
21. The Chinese alphaet is written with signs.
22. Chin Lee is teaching me some chinese signs.
23. I have learned many Chinese signs.
24. Josie has seen ancient Latin scrolls.
25. My sister is studying Latin in college.

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Verb Tenses

  A verb shows action. A verb can also show when an action takes place. We call this the tense of a verb. Verbs can happen in present, past, or future tense.

Christmas will come this month.  (future tense)

 Verb Tense PPT
 JC Action Verb ppt - last lesson
 Add -ed and -ing flip charts
  Proofreading Verb Tense
Pendemonium - the great African Sufari: United Streaming
 Proofreading verb tense link
Present tense shows actions that are happening right now. Sometimes verbs in the present tense will end with an "s".
    walk, walks           Sadie walks to the fireplace to take a nap.
                                 Blake and Scott walk over there to pet her.

  Past tense shows actions that happened already. Many verbs that are in the past tense end with-ed.
    walked           Sadie walked to the fireplace to take a nap last night.
                Blake and Scott walked over to pet her.

  Future tense shows actions that will happen.  When you see the words "will" or "shall" that is usually a clue that this verb is future tense.
    will walk        Sadie will walk over to the fireplace to take a nap later tonight.

    shall walk    Blake and Scott shall walk over to pet her after she lays down.

p 156
Find the verb. Tell whether it is present, past, or future tense.
1. Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone.
2. Sadie will tell us about Bell's invention.
3. Telephones help all of us in many ways.
4. We receive messages every day.
5. This invention benefits people everywhere.

p 157
Write the verb. Tell whether it is present, past, or future tense.
6. Sadie chooses Alexander Graham Bell.
7. Alexander Graham Bell came from Scotland.
8. Thomas Watson helped Bell.
9. On March 10, 1876, Bell spoke on the first telephone.
10. Watson listens to the words.
11. Bell and Watson lectured about the telephone.
12. They wanted people to see the telephone.
13. Sadie will finish her report soon.

14. Alexander Graham Bell interests me.
15. He developed the telephone in 1876.
16. He invented other things besides the telephone.
17. Sadie asked me to call her.
18. I will tell her about our assignment.
19. We will work together on our report about the telephone.
20. We will read our report to the class.

It is the VERB that changes the TENSE:
Present: the action is happening now,
e.g. I run, I am running
Past: the action has already happened,
e.g. I ran, I was running
Future: the action is going to happen,
e.g. I shall run, I am going to run.
Activity one.
Here are six sentences in the present tense.
Change the sentences so that they all begin with
the word Yesterday.
a. Today the dog chews at her bone.
b. Today the family set off on their holiday.
c. Today we are doing painting.
d. Today Patrick feels sick.
e. Today the teacher reads a story.
f. Today Mum travels on the bus.
Activity two.
Here are six sentences in the past tense. Change
the sentences so they are happening now.
a. The children ran to the bus stop.
b. The dog chased the stick in the park.
c. The children enjoyed the party.
d. The man spoke with a strong accent.
e. The bus left the depot a little late.
f. Julie sang in the school production.
More about Verb Tenses Several Sites
 Verb tenses activity
 Interactive Review site
Text pg. 158-159
Tell which word or words in each sentence are the verbs.
1. Greta takes the sailboat out on the lake.
2. She learned about sailboats last year.
3. The boat skims over the water.
4. Soon it will rain.
5. Greta turns the boat around.
Tell whether the verb is in the present, past, or future tense.
Writing Topic
Santa has asked you to tell three things that you would like for Christmas. Be sure to write in the future tense since Christmas has not yet arrived. Use lots of interesting  words to describe the things you want. Don't forget to include some alliteration (a set of words that start with the same sound), similes (compare two things using "like" or "as"), metaphors(comare two things by saying one thing is or was another), or onomatopeia( words that sound like their action). Your paper must be 5 paragraphs long. Each paragraph must contain at least 5 sentences.

I'm checking my list. Make your paper your best work.

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The Mysteries of Harris Burdick Writing Contest

Subject Verb Agreement
pg. 160-161
In a sentence, the subject and verb must work together.  A verb must agree with the subject of a sentence. If the subject is singular, the verb must be singular.  If the subject is plural, the verb must be plural.
    Look at the chart below.
Making Subjects And Verbs Agree
Singular Subjects
If the subject is a singular noun or he, she, or it, add s or es to the verb.
Ex. Jan goes to a bakery.
     She sees many cakes.
Plural Subjects
If the subject is a plural noun or I. we, you, or they, s is not added to the verb.
Ex. The bakers wave at Jan.
     They smile at her.

subject( or he, she, or it)  - verb(s)
subject(s)  (or I, we, you, or they)- verb

Brain Pop
 s-v ppt.
 sv ppt 2
 Online practice
 Fun Brain Practice

Guided Practice
Tell which verb in parrentheses correctly completes each sentence.
1. This baker (make, makes) many cakes.
2. The cakes (bake, bakes) for one hour.
3. People (buy, buys) the cakes.
4. The bakers (write, writes) messages in icing.
5. This message (say, says) "Happy Birthday".
6. Some cakes (say, says) "Happy Anniversary".

More Practice
7. We (look, looks) at the cakes in the glass cases.
8. Two people (come, comes ) to buy cakes.
9. Mr. Brown (need, needs a cake with a message.
11. Ms. Taylor (ask,asks) for two cakes
12. The baker (write,writes) "Happy Days" on one.
13. He (put, puts) "Welcome HOme" on the other.

Write the correct present tense form of the verb in parentheses.
14. The girls ____ a cake that they like. (see)
15. Sue ___ the message. (check)
16. They ___ to buy the cake. (decide)
17. The cake  ___ a picture of a ballon. (show)
18. The baker ___  us some cupcakes. (give)
19. He ___ us the price. (tell)
20. We ___ them for our party. (buy)

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Ms. M's IrregularVerbs
 Lesson Power Point Practice
p 162

Past with has, have, or had

Ms. M's Irregular Verbs

Quiz Games

Quia Games
 Irregular Verbs 2 Power Point Lesson
 Irregular Verbs Flip chart
 More Irregular verbs ppt
pg. 164

Past with has, have, had

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Spelling Verbs Correctly

 Lesson Plans

 Lesson Power Point
Flip Chart

sores  is sometimes added to some verbs to form the present tense.
ed is added to many verbs to form the past tense.
When es or ed is added, the spelling of some verbs changes.

For verbs ending in a consonant and y, change the y to i and add es or ed

cry + es    The babycries.
cry + ed    The babycried.

For verbs ending in one vowel and one consonant, double the final consonant and add ed.

stop + ed   The car stopped.
rip + ed     The paper ripped.

For verbs ending in e, drop the e and add es or ed.

care + es    She cares for me.
care + ed    She cared for me.

Read each sentence. Use the correct present tense or past tense form of each verb.
1. Jean (hope) Cary will come early.
2. Gary (plan) to bring a secret code.
3. Jean (love) to decode messages.
4. Gary (create) interesting codes.
5. Jean (try) to figure out Gary's code.

6. Roz (carry) a secret code to school. past
7. Rox was (horrify) when she lost the code. past
8. She (hurry) to retrace her steps. present
9. She (scurry) down the path. present
10. Rox (worry) about finding the code. present
11. She found the paper and (copy) if over. past
12. Rox (promise) to be more careful. present
13. Dave (clap) his hands when he heard Roz. past
14. Len (stare) at the paper. present
15. He (try) to figure out the code. present
16. He (glance) at the letters again. past
17. He (name) each part of the code. past
18. Len (study) the code carefully. present
19. His pencil (fly) over the paper. present
20. He (supply) a letter for each number. past

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Using the comma
p 168

Jackson, Sadie, and George are best pals.
Yes, they are gorgeous individuals.
No, they are not animals.
Well, they're fur people.

Power Point Lesson
 Flip Chart- Comma -series

 Comma Worksheet
 Interactive Comma Quiz
 Writing Objects in Lists Interactive
 More Comma Worksheets
 Using Commas Flip Chart

Show where commas are needed.

1. Eric what is your painting about?
2.Yes I understand now.
3. Reggie Sally and Gail are working on a mural.
4. They are using green white and red paint.
5. You know alice your drawing is beautiful.
6. Kiri your painting makes me think of warm things.
7. The way you used orange red and purple is amazing.
8. Jim drew painted andhung his picture.
9. See James here is a sculpture of children.
10. they look excited joyful an carefree.
11. What message do you get from the sculpture Yoko?
12. Yes it reminds me of being happy and free.
13. Alfred what do you think?
14. Well it makes me think of springtime.
15. No I do not know who the sculptor is.
16. Well are you glad that you will visit the museum?
17. We will see paintings sculptures and drawings.
18. I want to see the drawings watercolors and oils.
19. This artist used paint crayon and torn paper.
20. The students laughed talked and sang songs on the bus.

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What is a Linking Verb?
pg 224-225

A linking verb is a verb that links the subject of a sentence to a noun or an adjective in the predicate.
 An action verb tells what a subject does or did.
        Ex. A pilot flies the plane.  The plane soars high above.
A linking verb does not express action.
        Ex. Jack is a pilot.                 The planes are jets.
             The pilot was very smart.    The engines were loud.

The linking verbs are:
am, is , are, was, were
Tell whether each verb below is action or linking.
1. Barbara was ready for her trip.
2. She packed her suitcase.
3. Barbara tugged at the handle of her bag.
4. Martha is her cousin.
5. Barbara visits her every year.
6. Aunt rosa invited jan and Tom to her home.
7. Aunt Rosa and Uncle Marcos live in Mexico.
8. Jan and Tom were happy about the invitation.
9. They are curious about Mexico.
10. Jan and Tom eagerly packed their suitcases.
11. Uncle Marcos waited for them at the airport.
12. Jan and Tom hugged Uncle Marcos on their arrival.
13. Aunt Rosa is busy at home.
Find the verb and tell whether it is action or linking.
14. I am a lucky girl.
15. My grandfather took me with him on a trip.
16. We are in Mexico City.
17. It is the capital of Mexico.
18. Many places are very interesting.
19. Grandfather is happy here in Mexico.
20. We enjoy our vacation together.

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Present Tense Linking Verbs
pg 226-227

Linking verbs link the subject of a sentence to a noun or adjective in the predicate.
The present tense linking verbs: am, is, are
A linking verb must agree with the subject of a sentence.

I am
you are
(he, she, it) is
we are
you are
they are
 Iinking verb pdf
  Action or Linking WS
 Verb Word Search
  Verb Game
 To Bee or Not To Bee Game
 Grammar Gorillas
 Grammar Blast

Tell which verb in parentheses completes each sentence.
1. This book (is, are) terrific.
2. Eloise Greenfield (is, are) a wonderful writer.
3. Our book reprts (is, are) exciting.
4. Books about animals (is, are) my favorite.
5. I (is, am) a good reader.
6. The librarians (is, are) very helpful.
7. Sharon Bell Mathis (is , are ) my favorite writer.
8. She (is, are) the author of Sidewalk Story.
9. The illustrations (is, are) colorful.
10. The main character (is, are) a girl  named Lily Etta.
11. She (is,are) helpful to her friends.
12. My library (is, are) special to me.
13. Books (is, are) good companions.
Use a present tense verb to fill in the blank.
14. I _____  careful when I write a book report.
15. You ___ happy with your copy of Jumanji.
16. Chris Van Allsburg ___ a famous author.
17. His books ____ beautiful.
18. He ___ a wonderful artist and writer.
19. Deborah and James Howe ____ the authors of Bunnicula.
20. The characters in that book ___ very funny.

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Past Tense Linking Verbs
pg 228-9

Linking verbs link the subject of a sentence to a noun or adjective in the predicate.
The past tense linking verbs are: was, were

I was
You were
(he, she, it) was
we were
you were
they were
Tell which past tense linking verb in parentheses completes each sentence correctly.
1. The spaceships (was, were) ready for take-off.
2. The captain (was, were) a good leader.
3. The stars (was,were) much brighter fromt he ship.
4. I (was,were) nervous about my first mission.
5. It (was,were) a great day.
6. I (was, were) ready for the voyage.
7. You (was,were)  the captain of our secret mission.
8. I (was, were) curious about deep space.
9. The navigator (was, were) good at her job.
10. The spaceship (was,were) quite comfortable.
11. You (was, were) always busy.
12. It (was, were) along trip to Jupiter.
13. Jupiter (was, were) one of our goals.
Write each sentence using the correct linking verb.
14. The spaceship ____ roomier than it looked.
15. The moon _____ the first thing we passed.
16. Some craters ____ very large.
17. The moon ____ very dark.
18. We ____ weightless in the spaceship.
19. Mars ____ next on our schedule.
20. Mars really _____  a red planet.

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Contractions with Not

A contraction is a shortened form of two words.  In a contraction one or more letters are left out and an apostrophe takes the place of those letters.
 Contractions PPT
 Contractions Information
 Contractions Quiz
 What's wrong with this sentence flip chart
 Contractions with Not to Be
 Not Contractions Flip Chart
 Brainpop Contractions

Contraction Chart

 Isn't - is not
aren't - are not
wasn't - was not
weren't - were not
don't - do not
doesn't - does not
didn't - did not
won't - will not
haven't - have not
hasn't - has not
hadn't - had not
couldn't - could not
shouldn't - should not
wouldnt - would not
can't- cannot

In Contractions with the word not, the o is replaced by an apostrophe.

Write the contraction for these words.
1. could not
2. will not
3. are not
4. have not
5. has not
6. is not
7. was not
8. would not
9. did not
10. has not
11. were not
12. do not
13. are not
14. had not
15. does not
16. have not
17. should not

What contraction should replace the underlined words?
18. Perhaps you do not know about the Montgolfier brothers from Parish.
19. In 1793 hot air balloons had not yet been invented.
20. "It cannot be done," people said.
21. The borthers did not take no for an answer.
22. People could not believe their eyes.
23. Is not it amazing to see a balloon fly high in the air?
24. The first passengers - a sheep, a duck, and a rooster -- were not afraid.
25. This flight will not be forgotten.

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Using Quotation Marks
 Direct Speech PPT

Direct Quotation: When you write a speaker's exact words.
When you use a speaker's exact words you must use quotation marks.
  "Sadie, you're a good dog,"  said Ms. Martinez.

Indirect Quotation: Sometimes you may write what someone says without using the speaker's exact words.  Do not use uotation marks when you do not use the speaker's exact words.
 Sadie asked when she could have a dog bone.

Tell where quotation marks should be used in each sentence.
1. I'd like to have a computer, said Jackie.
2. Do you have computers in your school? she asked.
3. Of course we do! exclaimed Mac.
4. Paula asked, When do you think you will get your own computer?
5. Mac answered, I don't know yet.

Write each sentence. add quotation marks where they are needed.

6. Computers have many uses, said Katy.
7. They help people communicate, Dennis stated.
8. People all over the world use computers, said Jo.
9. Britt asked, How were computers invented?
10. Let's go to the library to find out, said Mae.
11. We can use the library's computer, added Matt.
12. We can learn about different computers, Ray said.
13. May Ling suggested, Maybe Mr. Dean can help us.

Write each sentence.  Add quotation marks. If a sentence does not need quotation marks, write correct next to it.
14. I will write iton the computer, he added.
15. Do you know what a word processor is? asked Hani.
16. Mike answered that he did not.
17. A word processor can help you write quickly, she said.
18. Mike said, I have finished my letter.
19. Now I can print it out, he added.
20. Al told Mike that he had done a good job.

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Adjectives After Linking Verbs
pg. 294-295

An adjective is a word that describes a noun. sometimes an adjective follows the noun it describes.

The classroom was warm.        The students were quiet.
Joe is happy.                     The girls are smart.

When an adjective follows the noun it describes, the noun and adjective are connected by a linking verb. 

 Adjectives PPT
 Fun With Adj PPT
 Introduce Adjectives Flip chart
 Daily Language flip chart
 Pendemonium: The Great China Chase Video
 Brain Pop Adj and Adv
 Parts of Speech Brain Pop

Tell which word in each sentence is an adjective. What word does it describe?
1. The classroom is quiet.
2. The desks are brown.
3. Our room is bright.
4. The windows were clean.
5. Sometimes the bookcases are empty.
6. The chalkboard is green.
7. Sometimes the erasers are dusty.
8. Our chalk is new.
9. A map of the world is big.
10. The map on the wall is brown.
11. The oceans on the map are blue.
12. My desk is full.
13. The classroom is large.

Use an adjective in each blank to complete the sentence.
14. In the afternoon the classroom was ____.
15. The posters on the wall are _____.
16. Last year our classroom was ____.
17. Yesterday I noticed that the teacher's desk was _______.
18. The geography book was ____.
19. The maps in our geography book are ____.
20. The library corner was ____.

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Adjectives That Compare
pg. 296-301

Adjectives can be used to compare two or more things. There are some important spelling rules to think about.

When the adjective ends in a consonant and "y",change the y to i and add -er or -est.
Example: happy, happier, happiest
When the adjective ends in e, drop the e and add -er or -est.
Example: cute, cuter, cutest
When the adjective has a single vowel before a final consonant, double the final consonant and add -er or -est.
Example: big, bigger, biggest

     big                    bigger                     biggest

 The Goofs Editing Activities
 Miss Take's Editing Challenge
  Comparative Adjectives Flip Chart
 Adjective PPT
Study Zone PPT -
 Comparing Adjectives Pod Cast

Add er and est to the following adjectives. Spell each adjective correctly.
1. jolly                         2. short                3. strange            4. hot

5. friendly                    6. wide                7. sleepy             5. tall
With each sentence use the correct form of the adjective in parentheses.
(-er compares 2 things; -est compares more than 2 things)

 Practice from text pg 299

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Comparing with More and Most
Text pg. 300-301

 Miss Take's Editing Challenge
 Comparing with More and Most PPT
 Ms. M's Quia Practice
Use more to form a comparison when two nouns are compared.  Use most to form a comparison when more thantwo nouns are compared. 
When you use more or most, do not use the ending -er and -est.

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What is a Pronoun?
Text pg. 358/360

 Pronoun PPT
 Pronoun Jeopardy
 Flip chart887
 Flip Chart 61
United Streaming: Discovering Language Arts: Parts of Speech
(Grades 3-5)
Brain Pop: Personal Pronouns

A pronoun is a word that takes the place of oneor more nouns. 

A noun names a person, place, or thing.  A good writer does not use the same noun over and over. 

A Pronoun takes the place of one or more nouns.  When you write, think about how you can use a pronoun to relace a noun. 

Lisavisits Lisa's grandmother every summer.
Shevisits hergrandmother every summer.

Ted and Kim go camping with Paul.
Theygo camping with him.

Singular Pronouns: I, you, he, she, it, me, him, her

Plural pronouns: we, you, they, us, them

Tell which word in each sentence is a pronoun. Then tell whether it is singular or plural.
1. Are you excited about the trip, Larry?
2. Will we see any polar bears?
3. Tim showed me slides of animals in Alaska.
4. He has pictures of bears, seals, elk, and moose.
5. It is a large and beautiful country.
6. "You can climb the pyramids," ana told Gary.
7. The Mayans built them many hundreds of years ago.
8. They still stand in thejungle today.
9. emily said,"I would like to see Mexico City."
10. Someday we will visit Mexico.
11. "You willlove Mexico, " Ana said to the children.

Write the pronoun that takes the place of each underlined word or words.
12. Sequoia National Park is in California.
13. "The Lees will photograph the sequoias," Mr. Lee said.
14. A ranger guided the  Lees throught the huge park.
15. The sequoias are among the oldest living things on earth.
16. Many of these trees are more than one thousand years old.
17. The oldest sequoia is about 3,500 years old.
18. The sequoias are named after Sequoya, a Cherokee man.
19. Sequoya invented a written alphabet for the Cherokee.
20. A statueof Seqoya is in Washington,D.C.

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Subject Pronouns
text pg. 360

A subject pronoun is a word that is used as the subject of a sentence.  It tells whom or what the sentence is about.  Like a noun a subject pronoun may be singular or plural.

Marthapractices the piano.
Shepractices the piano.

Mom and I sing duets.
We sing duets.

Dan and Joe play the violin.
They play the violin.

Subject Pronouns

Singular: I , you, he, she, it

Plural: we, you, they

Tell which word is the subject pronoun in each sentence.  Tell whether the pronoun is singular or plural.
1. I play cello in the orchestra.
2. We watch the conductor, Ms. Kelly.
3. She helps the students.
4. Julie and I work hard at practice sessions.
5. It is time for a rehearsal now.
6. We will perform in two weeks.
7. I enjoy our rehearsals and concerts.
8. We practice together twice a week.
9. We need another clarinet player.
10. Robert and I play the flute.
11. We played a march by John Phili Sousa.
12. He wrote many marches.
13. They are my favorite pieces.

Write a subject pronoun in place of each underlined word or words.
14. The oboe is a difficult instrument.
15. Juan and I play the bassoon.
16. Sometimes bassoons sound very funny.
17. Ben said to Kim, "Kim should come to the concert."
18. The concert is on Friday.
19. "Ted and Ben love concerts," said Ben.
20. "Tanya and Nicole will meet you there," said Nicole.

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Object Pronouns
Text pg. 362-363 and pg. 380

Object Pronouns:
Singular: me, you, him, her, it
Plural: us, you , them
An object pronoun is used in the predicate part of a sentence. It may follow an action verb or a word such an in, into, to, with, by, for, or at.

Bill found the injured bird. Bill found it.
Bill showed the bird to Sue.  Bill showed the bird to her.
The bird saw Bill and Sue. The bird saw them.

 What are pronouns?
 Pronoun Jeopardy
 Possessive Pronoun Computer Center
 Pronoun Center/Quiz
 United Streaming: Discovering Language Arts: Parts of Speech

Tell which word is the object pronoun in each sentence.
1. "We should adopt the bird," Jenny told us.
2. The class agreed with her.
3. Jenny's argument convinced them.
4. I gave it a sunflower seed.
5. The bird looked at Ms. Dabney and me.
6. Bill built a nest for it.
7. Rosa worked with him on the nest.
8. The sewing teacher gave us some rags.
9. The class thanked her.
10. We used them in the nest.
11. Let's put it in the nest.
12. "The bird winked at me," said Tara.
Write each sentence. Use an object pronoun in place of each underlined word or words.
13. Mark asked Gloria to help him.
14. The bird sings for Mark and Gloria.
15. "The bird watches Mark and Gloria," said Gloria.
16. We asked Mr. Ward for a book about birds.
17. We learned how to care for the bird.
18. The bird likes the students.
19. People should be kind to animals.
20. The teacher told us, "I'm proud of the class."
Practice pg. 380
A. Write the object pronoun that is part of the underlined predicate.
1. Jay is giving a party for her.
2. He told Perry and me about the plan.
3. Jay asked him to bring something.
4. Marla will go shopping with you.
5. Please help us fix up the room.
6. Ken bought balloons to decorate it.
7. We will hang them on the walls.
8. Marge will tell us when to come.
9. We will call you tonight.
B. Write each sentence. Underline the object pronoun in the sentence.
10. We planned the party for him.
11. Jay invited them by telephone.
12. Perry and Marla made a cake for her.
13. They put raisin on it.
14. Ken taught us a new party game.
15. I'll show the game to you.
16. You'll like playing it.
17. Rob played it with me all afternoon.
C. Write each sentence. Use an object pronoun in place of each underlined word or words.
18. Rex and Carol bought a book for Judy.
19. They brought the book to the party.
20. Judy thanked Rex and Carol for the present.
21. She told Rex all about the book.
22. "I think this is a good book for Rex," she told Rex.
23. "Show the book to Jay," said Jay.
24. Marla liked the pictures in the book.
25. "This book interests Ken and Marla," said Marla.

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Possessive Pronouns
Text pg. 364-365; p 381

Possessive Pronouns:
Singular Possessive Pronouns: my, your, his, her, its
Plural Possessive Pronouns: our, your, their
You use a special kind of pronoun to show who or what owns something.  this pronoun is called a possessive pronoun.  a possessive pronoun takes the place of one or more possessive nouns.

Tim's life preserver is in the boat.
His life preserver is in the boat.
The Browns' sailboat has red sails.
Their sailboat has red sails.

Guided Practice:
Tell which word is the possessive pronoun in each sentence.
1. Jane carries her uniform into the gym.
2. My brother never misses basketball practice.
3. Does your team meet after school?
4. Our team won the tournament.
 5. The team chose Jon as its captain.
6. He takes his job seriously.
More Practice
Write the possessive pronoun in each sentence.
7. Swimming is my favorite form of exercise.
8. OUr school has an excellent gym.
9. The students choose their exercise programs.
10. Greg is known for his speed as a runner.
11. Yvette practices her backstroke in the pool.
12. I jump rope in my exercise program.
13. Each sport has its rewards.
B. Write each sentence. Use a possessive pronoun in place of the underlined word or words.
14. Robinson was baseball's first major league black player.
15. Jackie's first year as a Brooklyn dodger was difficult.
16. Some Dodgers did not want a black player on the Dodger's team.
17. Mr. Rickey told Jackie,"Don't show Jackie's anger."
18. "Yes, I won't lose Jackie's temper," Jackie said.
19. Before long everyone knew that Jackie would soon be one of baseball's greatest players.
20. Matt and erika say, "Jackie Robinson was Matt and Erika's favorite player.

pg. 381
A. complete each sentence with the correct possessive pronoun in parentheses.  Use the underlined word or words as a clue.
1. The class is putting on (its, her) play.
2. I worked hard to learn (his,my)lines.
3. Norma studied (her, their) part, too.
4. "Is (her, your) part hard?" Chris asked Norma.
5. "I like (its, my) part," said Inez.
6. Sam learned (his, their) parts well.
7. Victor and Ray play (their, our) parts well.
8. The class is happy with (your, its) show.
9. We thanked Ms. O'Brien, (our, their) director.
B. Write the possessive pronoun in each sentence.
10. Our director tells us what to do.
11. Her instructions are very clear.
12. My job is to paint the sets.
13. What is your job?
14. This play has its problems.
15. One actor must change his costume quickly.
16. The actors practice their lines every day.
17. We want to make our play a success.
C. Use a possessive pronoun in place of the underlined word or words.
18. The audience laughed at Jim's character.
19. Janet's and Laura's costumes were striking.
20. Susan's posters for the play were beautiful.
21. "Tom's familybought six tickets," said Tom.
22. "Did Dawn's family like the play?" I asked Dawn.
23. "Dawn's parents applauded the loudest," said Dawn.
24. Mr. Goh set out cookies for the students' families.
25. "We are proud of the school's students," Mr. Goh said.

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Using I and Me Correctly
pg. 366-367

  Pronoun Contractions PPT
  Pronoun Contractions Flip chart
  I or Me ppt

     Sometimes it is difficult to use I or me in a sentence. Always use I in the subject of a sentence. Use me after an action verb and words such as in, into, with, but, or at.
Subject:                                                   Object:
Dora and I will attend the party.             Mary invited Tom and me.
Roy and I will dress up as bears.             No one will recognize me.

     One way to decide which pronoun is correct is to say the sentence using only I or me.

  Example: Gina and I made costumes.    I made costumes.
                    Jeff helped her and me.         Jeff helped me.

Tell which word or words in parentheses complete each sentence correctly.
1. Tim and (I, me) will surprise everyone.
2. The costumes will fit Mary and (I, me).
3. (Dave and I,  I and Dan) will have fun.
4. Luis and (I, me) will walk to the party together.
5. Will you come with (I, me), too?
6. You and (I, me) will wear long robes.
7. Mrs. Chin gave (Lynn and me, me and Lynn ) tall hats.
8. (She and I, I and she) will put them on.
9. Some monsters scared (me and her her and me).
10. (Marcie and I,  I and Marcie) enjoyed to party.

Use I or me to complete each sentence.
11. Ted, she, and __ will have a costume party.
12. Nina and __  will dress up as frogs.
13. She and __ will hop around the floor.
14. Everyone will laugh at her and ___.
15. Where can Bob and __ buy the masks?
16. He and __ have looked everywhere.
17. Mr. Smith gave masks to Peg and ___.
18. Len and ___ thought the costumes were funny.
19. Bill, Jean, and __ will dress as robots.
20. Please show Terry and ___ your costume.

More Practice: pg. 382
Write the correct word that will complete each sentence.
1. June and ( I, me) started a softball team.
2. The players met with her and (I, me).
3. Carl and ( I, me) want new uniforms.
4. He and (I, me) discussed the cost of the uniforms.
5. The team and (I , me) will raise the money.
6. June told Carl and ( I, me) about her idea.
7. June and (I, me) talked about uniform colors.
8. Carl and (I , me) went to tell the other players.
9. They agreed with Carl and (I, me) about the plan.

Use I or me to complete each sentence correctly.
10. Cam, Carl, and ___ will walk the dogs.
11. Mrs. Brown hired Tad and __ as errand runners.
12. That seems like a good job for Tad and __.
13. Tim, you and __ could wash windows.
14. My parents can use Roz and __ at the car wash.
15. Diane and ___ will run a lemonade stand.
16. she and ___ will raise money that way.
17. The lemonade will taste good, eespecially to Diane and __.

Write the words that will complete each sentence correctly.
18. ( Emma and I, Me and Emma) want blue uniforms.
19. Rachel asked (her and me, me and her) for red ones.
20. (I and she, she and I) found it hard to choose.
21. (Me and Jon, Jon and me) went to the mall.
22. Emma came with ( Jon and I, Jon and me)
23. ( Emma and I, Emma and me) picked the uniforms.
24. (Jon and I, I and Jon) hope the team will like them.
25. The team thanked (Emma, Jon, and I; Emma, Jon, and me) for our help.

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Pronoun Contractions
pg 368-369

I'm - I am
I've - I have
I'd - I had, I would
I'll - I will
he's - he is/has
she's - she is /has
it's - it is/has
he'd - he had/he would
she'd - she had/ she would
he'll - he will
she'll - she will
it'll - it will
we're - we are
we've - we have
we'd - we had/ we would
we'll - we will
you're - you are
you've - you have
you'd- you had/ you would
you'll - you will
they're - they are
they've  - they have
they'd - they had/would
they'll - they will
 BrainpopDositey Contractions Game    Quia Contractions Game
Write the contraction you can form with each pair of words.
1. we are
2. it is
3. she will
4. they have
5. you would
6. I am
Write the two words that were joined to form each underlined contraction.
7. You'll learn about some job choices on Career Day.
8. Betty says she's interested in animals.
9. Maybe she'll be a veterinarian.
10. Many students say they'll study computers.
11. We'd like more information about that.
12. You're welcome to join our group.
13. We'll listen to a career counselor.

Write the contraction for each of the underlined words.
14. The students say they are excited.
15. I am hoping that many students will attend.
16. Carl's mother said she would talk to us.
17. She is the head of the Parks Department.
18. It will be a fascinating discussion.
19. She has worked hard in her position.
20. I have been looking forward to her speech.

More practice pg. 382

Write the two words that were joined to form the contraction.
1. Jen says she's chosen a new hobby.
2. She'll learn to do magic tricks.
3. It's something everyone likes.
4. We're invited to her first magic show.
5. Lenny says he'll come too.
6. I know you'll enjoy it.
7. You've an interesting hobby.
8. I'd like to raise tropical fish, too.
9. It'll be fun to watch them.

Write  the two words that each contraction stands for.
10. I'd like a collection of shells.
11. They're pretty and unusual.
12. I've found a lovely purple shell.
14. It's the prettiest shell in my collection.
15. Perhaps we'll trade shells.
16. My sister said she'd buy me a big shell.
17. We've seen fascinating shells in the museum.

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pg. 370-371

Homophones - Words that are spelled the same but have different meanings and often have different pronunciations.
Ex. The plane landed on the plain.
I wonder whether planes fly in stormy weather.

Homographs - words that sound alike but have different spellings and different meanings.
Ex. I saw the boy saw wood for the kite frame.
As the wind blows, we wind the kite string.

Tell which words in each sentence look or sound alike. Tell whether they are homophones or homographs.
1. Barney ate eight grapes.
2. They're waiting for their school bus.
3. She was in tears when she saw the tears in her painting.
4. Do you think the bus fare is fair?
5. I can't stand to stand in line.
6. I cannot bear to meet that scary bear.
7. can you strip the paint from that strip of wood.
Write the correct homophone.
8. this report is due next (weak, week)
9. Would you like a (peace, piece) of bread?
10. the two countries signed a (peace, piece)
11. That book is on (lone, loan) from the library.
12. A (loan, lone) tree stood in the field.
13. (Your, You're) invited to my party on Sunday.
14. Bring (your, you're) bathing suit and a towel.
15. This bridge is made of (steal,steel).
16. don't leave the food (their, there).
17. My cat will (steal, steel) food from the table.
Write the meaning of each underlined homograph.
18. A seal uses its flippers to swim.
    a. an animal        b. close tightly
19. Dad tried to hide the package behind his back.
    a. animal skin       b. keep out of sight
20. All the actors bow to the audience.
a. weapon        b. bend at the waist.

 Multiple Meaning Words PPTs
 Emints themes
 Brain Pop There, their, they're
 Homophones flip chart
 Homophones flip chart
 Homophones List
 Quia Practice
 BBC Homophones
 Spot the words
 Ambleweb Interactive Sites- scroll down
 Harcourt Go for the Gold
 Homophones Quiz
 BBC Homophones
 Homophones white board activity
 Online test

Extra Practice pg. 385
Write the words in each sentence that look or sound alike. Then write whether they are homophones or homographs.
1. Be careful not to squash that squash.
2. We rode down the road on our bikes.
3. Do you want to come too?
4. We have four books for you.
5. can yo open this can?
6. Please write the etter right away.
7. we can't hear you from here.
8. It only took a second to eat my second sandwich.
Write the correct homograph for each sentence.
9. That (ring, wring) has a beautiful tone.
10. I will (ring, wring) out these wet clothes.
11. Bart (threw, through) out the trash.
12. Are you (threw, through) with your homework?
13. Have you (heard, herd) the news?
14. Mr. Brown sold his (heard, herd) of cows.
15. The (hole, whole) school is going on a picnic.
16. Be careful of the (hole, whole) in the sidewalk.
Choose the correct meaning of the underlined homographs.
17. The boy climbed the palm to get a coconut.
a. a tropical tree        b. part of the hand.
18. We've had a spell of hot weather.
a. a period of time        b. name the letters of
19. I like to loaf on a hot summer day.
a. a mass of bread        b. relax
20. Ernesto wound the rope around the pole.
a. a deep cut         b. wrapped

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pg 422-424

 Adverbs ppt
 Adverb Links
 Adverbs Flip chart
 emints Adverbs
 Adverbs Flip Chart 8259

An Adverb is a word that tells more about a verb.
An adverb tells how, when, or where an action takes place. Many adverbs end in -ly.
Example: Dave searches.
How?  Dave carefully searches.
When? Today, Dave searches.
Where? Dave searches everywhere.
Tell which word in the sentences are the verbs. Then tell the adverbs that describes it.
1. Bette's book suddenly disapeared.
2.She saw it yesterday.
3. She looks upstairs.
4. Finally, she finds it.
5. She carefully returns the book to the shelf.
6. Lisa once lost a pen.
7. She called bob immediately.
8. He patiently questioned Lisa and her friends.
9. Lisa described the pen carefully.
10.She used that pen daily.
11. Bob quickly looked at his notes.
12. He searched the house thoroughly.
13. Finally, he found the lost pen.
14. Lisa happily thanked him.
Write the adverb. Then write whether the adverb tells how, when, or where.
15. Once a man caught a large fish.
16.Inside he found a diamond ring.
17. My dog, Pepper, always hides her bones.
18. She secretly finds hiding places.
19. Pepper never fools us.
20. Sometiems we find a bone under the bed.
pg. 442
A verb in each of the following sentences is underlined. Write the adverb that describes the underlined verb.
1. We carefully searched for the house.
2. Earlier, we had lost the address.
3. We knew exactly what the house should look like.
4.Jeremy glanced quickly around the neighborhood.
5. Suddenly, he stopped and stared at a building.
6. "This is it," he told us excitedly.
7.We quickly walked to the front door.
8. The bell rang loudly.
9.Soon the door opened.
10."Grandpa," we shouted noisily, we love your new house."
Make two columns on your paper. Under one column write the adverb. In the other write the verb it describes.
11. Jill and Pete really love birds.
12. They trotted quickly through the park.
13. "Look hard for the woodpeckers," said Jill.
14. They searched carefully, but found no birds.
15. Finally, Pete understood the problem.
16. "We are walking noisily," he said.
17. They stood quietly and waited.
18. soon, many beautiful birds appeared.

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More About Adverbs

An adverb is a word that tells more about a verb. It tells how, when, or where. An adverb can be put at the beginning of a sentence, before or after the verb, or at the end of a sentence.

Tell whether each underlined adverb tells how, when, or where.
1. He looked carefully for his little brother.
2. Stan never stayed in one place.
3. Loudly, Jimmy shouted Stan's name.
4. Finally, Jimmy found Stan.
5. He was there next to the toy counter.
6. Eagerly, Darryl joined the bird-watchers' club.
7. The group often hikes and climbs.
8. They hiked high into the mountains.
9. Red-shouldered hawks soard upward.
10. Downy woodpeckers scratched noisily.
11. The group members usually carry binoculars.
12. The binoculars greatly magnify the birds.
13. Darryl can clearly see markings on each bird.
Choose the adjective or adverb in parentheses that correctly completes each sentence.
14. The robins that nest under our eaves return (regular, regularly)
15. (Careful, carefully), they choose bits of twigs and straw.
16. They chirp (loud, loudly) in their nests.
17. They sit on their (delicate, delicately) eggs.
18. (Slow, Slowly) the egg shells crack.
19. The chicks are (helpless, helplessly).
20. One day they will fly (confident, confidently).
pg. 443
Tell whether each underlined word tells how, when, or where.
1. Sherri arrived at the baseball game early.
2. She waited eagerly for the first pitch.
3. The team had won many games lately.
4. The first batter hit the ball upward.
5. The shortstop caught it easily.
6. Loudly, the crowd cheered.
7. The next batter swung at the ball smoothly.
8. The center fielder ran hurriedly toward the ball.
9. Then, he stood and watched it fly over the fence.
10. "A home run," Sherri thought sadly.
Choose the word in parentheses that correctly completes each sentence.
11. (Recent, Recently) Phill made dinner for his family.
12. He prepared the food (happy, happily).
13. The soup he made was (thick, thickly).
14. The stew was (delicious, deliciously).
15.He set the table (nice, nicely).
16. The family ate (hungry, hungrily).
17. They enjoyed the meal (great, greatly)
18. Everyone (quick, quickly) cleared the table.
Fill in the blank with an adverb of your own that tells how, when, or where.
19. Julius started his garden ___ (when).
20. He dug the soil _____ (how).
21. The sun shone on his garden ____ (how).
22. _____, tiny shoots broke through the soil. (when)
23. The vegetables grew ______ (how).
24. He picked them and brought them ____ (where).
25. We will cook them _____. (when)

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Using Adverbs to Compare
Text pg. 426-427

 Adverbs Activities list
 Adverbs PPT
 Adverbs Flip Chart 2
 Adverbs Flip Chart
 ethemes list of activities
An adjective can compare two or more nouns.
An adverb can also be used to make comparisons.

Dan ran fast.
Amy ran faster than Dan.
Noah ran the fastest of all.

Add er to a short adverb to compare two actions.
Add est to a short adverb to compare more than two actions.

The words more and most are usually used to form comparisons with adverbs that end in y and with longer adverbs. 

Tell which form of the adverb in parentheses correctly completes the sentence.
1. Ann's team started (sooner, soonest) than  mine.
2. The first clue was hidden (more, most) carefully.
3. Lyn solved it (more, most) quickly.
4. Sal searched the (harder, hardest) of all.
5. The next clue was the (harder, hardest) of all.
6. Of all the trees, which grows the (taller, tallest)?
7. Mark climbed (higher, highest) than anyone else.
8. The last clue puzzled us the (more, most) deeply.
9. Juan answered this (more, most) easily than I.
10. Barry cheered the (louder, loudest) of us all.
11. The Phoenicians sailed the (more, most) skillfull of all.
12. Their ships crossed teh sea (faster, fastest) than any other.
13. Columbus tried the (harder, hardest) to find a route to India.
14. Poonce de Leon searched the (more, most) unsuccessfully.
15. He looked (longer, longest) than anyone else for the Fountain of Youth in Florida.
16. Cortes treated the Aztecs (more,most) cruelly.
17. Robert Peary reached the North Pole (sooner, soonest) of all.
18. No one in the Lewis and Clark expedition crossed the Rockies (more, most) joyfully than Sacajewea.
19. Jacques-Yves Cousteau has shown us undersea life (more, most) clearly than any other diver.
20. He has journeyed (deeper, deepest) into the ocean than others.

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Using Good and Well
Text pg. 428-429

An adjective describes a noun, and an adverb tells more about a verb.  Be careful not to confuse the adjective good with the adverb well.

Good is an adjective. It descirbes a noun. It may come before the noun, or it may follow a linking verb. 

Well is a usually an adverb.  It tells more about a verb.

Billy reads a good book.
The book is good.

Bill reads well.
The author writes well.

Tell which word correctly completes each sentence.
1. This book gives a (good,well) account of the Gold Rush.
2. The author knows the subject (good, well).
3. Bill studies the books (well, good).
4. He is a (good, well) student.
5. The book is a (good,well) introduction to an interesting subject.
6. The writer Bret Harte described it (good,well)
7. It is a (good,well) example of how eagerly people search for riches.
8. California in 1848 is a (good,well)starting pont for the story.
9. One man had (good,well) luck; he found gold.
10. The newspapers reported this event (good,well).
11. Peopleleft (good, well) jobs to go west.
12. They hoped that their luck would be (good,well).
13. The gold Rush was (good,well) for many businesses.

Complete each sentence with either good or well.
14. ______ food was frequently not available.
15. Sanitary conditions were seldom ____.
16. The chances of finding gold, however were not ____.
17. Californians knew very ______ that gold could not last forever.
18. Those who foundgold lived _______.
19. They settled _____ into their new lives.
20. The Gold Rush brought many _______things to California.

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