The Plains Indians
1. loosened - made looser; set free or released
2. mysterious - very hard or impossible to understand, full of mystery
3. amazement - great surprise or wonder.
4. midst - a position in the middle of a group of people or things.
5. responsibility - the quality or condition of having a job, duty , or concern.
6. patchwork - something put together out of many uneven or varied parts.
7. powwow - a traditional native American gathering to celebrate their customs.
8. traditions - the ideas, customs, or beliefs that are passed down from one generation to the next.
9. sacred - something that is sacred is considered holy or religious.
10. sores - places where the skin has been broken or hurts.
My Brother Martin
Persusasive Speech - The goal of a persuasive speech is to convince
someone to believe in the speaker's ideas.
1.ancestors- people from whom one is descended.
Your ancestors are people who were members of your family before the present generation.
- the practice of separating one racial group from another.
not aware; not suspecting
|Other Words to Think About:
waning - becoming smaller or fewer in number.
streetcar - a vehicle that holds many people and runs through city streets.
indignity something that insults a person's self respect
bigotry hatred or intolerance toward an entire group of people; injustice.
activist - a person who supports a cause.
unconstitutional - not in keeping with the constitution of a country state, or group.
nonviolence means not using physical force to express anger or disappointment. How can you solve a difficult situation by using nonviolence?
People Who Made a Difference
1. TLW explore the picture on pg. 304-305. Discuss Martin Luther King, Thurgood Marshall, Rosa Parks using above websites.(or use comprehension transparency 12 a and 12 b.
2. REad aloud anthology pg. 51-54. "I have a dream".
3. TTW introduce lesson vocabulary and copy definitions from website. TLW complete vocabulary practice book pg. 82.
Small Group: Work on persuasive letter from last week.
1. Review vocabulary.
2. Read and discuss story: "My Brother Martin" pg. 309-323. Use TE to question.
3. TLW Think, Pair, Share what the story was about.
1. TLW answer comprehension questions about story using read and respond strategies.
2. Computer: any of the sites in the website table above.
3. Partner read the story over.
Homework: Reread the story pg. 309-323.
1. Review vocabulary.
2. Review questions.
3.Differentiated REading: Harriet Tubman AB ; Coretta Scott King ol; Fighting For Rights AL.
1. Complete Questions from story p 323
2. Computer: using above sites.
3. Literacy stations/Main Idea Folders. Start a looseleaf page and keep in the class folder. Put the card number. Partner check.
4. AR silent reading/test
1. Review vocabulary.
2. TTW introduce "Dear Mrs. Parks" on pg. 324-325. Intro. new story vocabulary.p 324.
3. Discuss. Compare and Connect the two stories.
1. Continue rotating through centers.
2. Continue with leveled readings.
3. Work on finishing persuasive letter.
4. AR silent reading
Homework: Study for a test.
Read or test on AR book.
Friend or Foe?p 276
- To take part in
the affairs of others when asked not to.
Example: Don't interfere in the other team's game.
- Someone or something who watches over and protects.
- able to move and react quickly and easily.
walked or moved with unsteady steps.
- without grace in movement or behavior
- announced publicly
Answer the questions below in COMPLETE SENTENCES from the story, Roadrunner’s Dance.
What is a folk tale?
How did the author build suspense in the story?
Why did the animals want to stop the Snake?
What did they do to the roadrunner?
How did the Snake react to the roadrunner?
What was the author’s purpose for writing the story?
1. Discuss genre, informational articles and definition.
2. Read and discuss "Roadrunners: Surprising Birds" on pg. 278-279 in text. Discuss highlighted vocab and predict meanings.
3. TTW introduce new vocab using ppt above. TLW copy definitions in ntbk. http://pangea.tec.selu.edu/~vmartinez/ETEC644/reading_friend_or_foe.ppt
4. Skill: Evaluating author's purpose on T 277. Review author's purpose ppt as needed: http://unx1.shsu.edu/~txcae/Powerpoints/authorspurpose.html
5. TLW complete vocabulary practice book sheet pg. 75.
The Strike Out Queen
Text pg. 152-157
2. insult - something said that hurts someone's feelings.
3. muttered - spoken in a low, unclear way.
4. gaped - stared at someone or something with the mouth open
5. flinched - drew back from something painful, dangerous, or unpleasant.
6. snickering - laughing in a disrespectful way.
7. fluke - accidental stroke or turn especially of good luck.
8. career - a person's job or profession.
9. orphanage - a home for children who do not have parents.
10. accomplishments - things you have successfully completed.
11. disease - a specific illness
1. Review genre:http://www.studyzone.org/testprep/e4topic.cfm?TopicID=21
This story was Historical fiction.
2. Introduce vocabulary using ppt: http://pangea.tec.selu.edu/~vmartinez/ETEC644/reading_mighty_jackie_ppt.ppt
Students copy in notebook.
1. Partner read pg. 150-151 "Women Pick Up the Ball".
2. Silent reading - AR
The Mystery of the Missing Lunch Text pg. 18-19
Missing Lunch Reading Reindeer Avatar Story Reading
Missing Lunch Vocabulary ppt
A short story has all the elements of a novel: setting, plot, characters conflict, theme, but the story unfolds faster because it is shorter.
Example:The teacher's assignments to us were to read the next story and to answer the questions about it.
Ask:What assignments have you recently been given?
means taking time to think about it.
are physical symptoms caused by the body's over reaction to things.
someone is to say that the person did something wrong.
something looks or seems suspicious
to you, it makes you feel mistrustful.
is used to show whether something is true.
something, you use it up or eat it.
Vocabulary Practice Vocabulary Activity
a complete sentence to answer each question.
is what happens in a story. The plot often includes a problem and
a solution to the problem.
A problem and solution chart can help you make inferences and analyze a story.
The Solution in a story is how the problem is fixed or solved.
|An author does not always tell a reader everything that is happening in a story. Good readers use their own prior knowledge and details that the author does not include to make inferences, or draw reasonable conclusions, about the characters and the plot. To make inferences readers analyze or think critically about the charters' experiences and compare these to their own experiences. Practice Bk. pg. 2|
is a story in which the charactters and the reader must use clues to find
the explanation for a troubling event.
To solve a problem, a character often compares new information with facts that were gathered earlier.
In a mystery, a clue might be in plain sight all along. The author tells the story in such a way that neither the characters nor the reader becomes aware of the clue right away.
2. succession - (pg. 26) one after the other
3. culprit(pg. 28) - the one who is guilty or at fault
4. anxious(pg. 34) - worried or nervous
Dictionary Skill: Guide Words
Walk in the Dessert
shine with a soft light
eerie- strange in a scary way
lurk- to lie hidden
swallows- takes in food or liquid through the mouth and passes to the stomach
climate- the average weather conditions of a place or region throughout the year.
silken - soft, smooth, and shining
lumbering- moving about in a clumsy way
biome - a community of living things
survival - life
saguaro - a type of cactus that is tall and has few branches
nocturnal - staying awake at night and sleeping during the day
|Deserts have a very dry climate.||Deserts get little rain.
A single storm might be heavy.
Months or years may pass between rains.
|Other creatures use old woodpecker holes for homes.||Two flycatchers live in one
Bees live in another.
An owl lives in third.
|Wood rats use various materials to build large nests for protection.||The nests are enormous. They are made of just about anything. They protect the wood rats from predators and heat.|
|Some desert animals are active during the day.||Insects, such as ants, beetles,
and grasshoppers, are on the move.
Spiders spin webs.
|At midday, it is extremely hot in the desert.||Coyotes pant.
It is over 100 degrees.
The sun is a fireball.
Animals move into shade.
Cinquain ("cin-kain") is a five-line form that uses a syllable count of two-four-six-eight-two. A "cinquain" (from cinq the French word for five) usually follows this organization:
Line 1: a one-word line,
a noun, that gives the poem its title
Text pg. 74-77
2. journey- A trip, especialy one over a considerable distance or taking
a considerable amount of time.
3. natural- 1. unchanged by people.
(We hiked through natural surroundings).
2. expected or normal.
(The natural home of the dolphin is the ocean.)
4. wildlife- living things, especialy the animals that live naturally in an area.
(We saw lots of wildlife on our hike in the woods.)
5. roamed - Moved around in a large area.
(The grizzly bear over a wide valley and the nearby mountains.)
Ecosystem- a community of living things
restore - to fix or bring back
graze - to feed on plants throughout the day
flourish - to do well, to live and grow.
preyed upon - hunted and eaten
2. Word Study - Compound words - Compound words occur when two words join together to form one word. Use the following base words to create a list of your own compound words; road, good, over, earth, land, and home.
Make a list of any other compound words for the chart.
3. Word study: Write these words on the wipe erase board; peep, beam, heal, and thief. underline the letters in each word that spell the long e sound. Write words that rhyme with that sound and have the same spelling.
Find and list long e words in your story.
The Astronaut and the Onion
Reading Skill: Identify a character's Traits
Vocabulary Power point
1. What is the setting of the story and who was the main character?
2. Why was Gloria described as wild and daring?
3. What details does Gloria notice about Dr. Street's appearance?
4. What is a good character trait of Dr. Street?
5. What character traits do Gloria and Dr. Street share?
Setting - the time and place that the story takes place.
Plot - what happened in the story - the main events.
1. Raft - a flat boat made of logs fastened together.
2. scattered - spread or thrown about in various places
3. cluttered - appearing crowded with items.
4. downstream - in the same direction as the current or stream.
5. nuzzle - to touch or rub with nose.
6. snorkel - a mask with a curved tube worn in the water
7. otter - a furry animal that lives on or near water.
8. bobber- a fishing float
9. disgust - showing a feeling of strong dislike
10. cattails - tall, thin plants with brown fuzzy flowers
11. tackle box - a container that holds fishing supplies
Old Text Book Lessons
Unit 1 Lesson 1.1
"My Name Is Maria Isabel"
Text pg. 74-89
- How can one person make a change?
- How can having courage influence my choices?
- Why is good sportsmanship important to a team? When is it OK to break the rules?
1. pageant - n. A performance in honor of an important event or holiday: Sasha played the aprt of a general in the town's history pageant. syn. show.
adj. Unable to rest or relax:The
cattle were restless as they sensed the coming storm.
syns. nervous, uneasy
3. tropical - adj. Having to do with the hot area of the earth: A tropical storm can develop into a hurricane.
4. rehearsals - n. Preparation and practice before an actual performance: The actors read their lines during rehearsals. syn. drill
5. attentively- adv. With great interest and with careful attention: Juan listened attentively to the directions. syn. intently
6. troublesome - adj. Causing difficulty and worry:Carl's odd behavior was troublesome to his parents. syn. bothersome.
Bonus words to know: pinatamenorahlatkes
Overhead pg. 14
Are you ready for a spectacular holiday play?
Don't miss Wilson School's Winter Pageant!
If you're feeling restless.
come to our show. You won't be disappointed. We'll be dressed
in our holiday best. We'll sing songs from many lands. The
play's theme is celebrating the holidays on a tropical
island. We'll have a set filled with palm trees and bright flowers.
People say "practice makes perfect." Weeks of rehearsals
have made our show great. Listen attentively
so you won'tmiss a thing!
After the show, stay for punch and cookies in the library. If you find holiday shopping troublesome, visit our gift-making booth. You can learn to make great gifts from recycled materials!
1. bothersome; annoying _______________________
2. practice times; preparations _________________________
3. thoughtfully ; with great interest ______________________
4. show; performance _________________________
5. hot climate; wet and humid _______________________________
6. uneasy; not still _____________________________________
A prefix is a word part that is added to the beginning of a word to change the word's meaning.
A suffix is a word part that is added to the end of a word to change the word's meaning.
Workbook pg. 17
1. To spell wrong ________________________
2. when you perform _____________________
3. not prepared _________________________
4. in a clear way ________________________
5. full of humor _________________________
6. to write again _________________________
7. to eat too much ______________________
8. without hope ___________________________
9. able to be read _________________________
10. the opposite of respect ______________________
reference books, computer, magazines, nonfiction, fiction, poetry, card catalog,
1. an encyclopedia article about Mexico _____________________________
2. a book of holiday poems _______________________________________
3. the names of all the books about Hanukkah__________________________________________________
4. the novel called In the Year of the Boar and Jackie Robinson___________________________________
5. a biography of Roberto Clemente _______________________________________________
6. the names of all the books written by Gary Soto ______________________________________
7. the meaning of the word diffident ____________________________________________________
8. a map of Puerto Rico ______________________________________________________________
9. a book of short stories ___________________________________________________________
a copy of the latest issue of National Geographic World _________________________________
1. What is Maria Isabel’s favorite Winter Pageant song about?
2. Why can’t Maria Isabel sing in the Winter Pageant?
3. Why does Maria Isabel feel like her problems are not like those of the characters in books?
4. How do Maria Isabel’s parents feel about her singing in the play?
5. Why does Maria Isabel feel as though she is caught in a sticky spider’s web?
6. Why does Maria Isabel think that Wilbur and her parents are somewhat alike?
7. Shortly after Maria gets to school it starts to drizzle. What does drizzle mean?
8. What is Maria’s first wish when she starts to write “My Greatest Wish?”
9. Maria Isabelle’s teacher believes something about Maria that is not true. What does she think that is not true?
10. Write one or two words that best describe Maria Isabel. Give a reason for your answer.
11. In the middle of the selection, Maria is unhappy. Write four things that she wants.
12. When does Maria Isabel find the courage to say that she wants to sing in the Winter Pageant?
1: Lesson 1.3
Text pg. 96-113
1. courageous adj. Brave:The courageous firefighter saved a child from the smoky room. syn. fearless
2. salary - n. The amount of money that a person gets for doing a job: Josh receives his salary every Friday. syn. pay
3. tremendous - adj. Very large: The diver in the shark cage saw only the shark's tremendous open mouth. syn. enormous.
4. appreciation -n. Recognition for good qualitiesgratitude for something good. He received an award in appreciation of his work. syn. gratefulness.
5. valuable -adj. Having great worth and meaning, either in terms of money or in personal terms: A good education is a valuable tool for reaching one's goals. syn. precious.
6. modest - adj. Not showy; proper and quiet in manner: Pat ismodest about his art ability, but he is actually very talented. syns. unassuming, humble .
7. sportsmanship n. Conduct, such as fair play, expected of an athlete: The losing team showed good sportsmanship by cheering for the winning team.
OH p. 21
Jim Thorpe was a courageous
man and one of the greatest athletes of all time. He was good at
every sport he tried.
Like most Americans, some of Jim Thorpe's ancestors were immigrants. Unlike most Americans, Jim Thorpe was also the grandson of Native Americans. Jim's father encouraged his appreciation for the outdoors. Jim had tremendous talent, but he was modest about his abilities. He always played fairly, and he was known among his schoolmates for his sportsmanship. At the 1912 Olympic Games Jim Thorpe proved he as a valuable American athlete. After the Olympics Jim Thorpe continued his athletic career, receiving a salary as part of the New York Giants baseball team.
Lou Gehrig Review Flip Chart Fourth Grade Writing Links Biography Questions To Ask
Genre Flip Chart Create a Timeline -Interactive Fact Monster Biography List
Reading Skill: Root
Words PPt. #5
Time Line - Lou Gehrig
June 19, 1903 Henry Louis Gehrig was born.
April 26, 1923 Lou signed to play baseball with the Yankees.
1936 Lou was selected as the Leagues MVP.
1938 Lou stopped hitting.
May 2, 1939 Lou benched himself for the good of the team.
November 13, 1939 Lou had a serious disease.
July 4, 1939 Lou Gehrig Day
December, 1939 Lou was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.
June 2, 1941 Lou died.
Lou Gehrig Comprehension Questions
Reading Comprehension Questions:
Lou Gehrig, the Luckiest Man
Answer the following questions in complete sentences. Use your book to find the page number where each answer can be found. Use part of the question to start your answer.
1. What was the amazing record that
Lou Gehrig set?
2. In this selection, what does modest mean?
3. Why did Lou Gehrig have the nickname Iron Horse?
4. In 1927 and 1936, baseball writers selected Lou Gehrig to receive what award?
5. In 1938, Lou Gehrig first noticed that he was having problems. What happened?
6. Lou said that he was benching himself for the good of the team. What did he mean?
7. Why did Lou Gehrig quit baseball?
8. How did Lou still participate in the game even when he couldn’t play?
9. What did the Yankees do when Lou Gehrig was voted into the Baseball Hall of Fame?
10. In what years do the baseball events in this selection take place?
11. Why did the Yankee team and Yankee fans make July 4, 1939, Lou Gehrig Appreciation Day?
12. Why did Lou Gehrig believe that he was the “luckiest man on the face of the earth”?
(John Reynolds Gardiner heard a legend in a coffee shop that inspired him to write a story. He created the characters, but the story is reported to have actually happened.)
By John Reynolds Gardiner
People gain stength in various ways.
Adversity provides opportunity for growth.
What is courage?
What are obstacles and how can they be overcome?
Courage: to face fears with determination and confidence.
Fear: to be afraid of something.
Name some courageous people that you know, that you've read about.
Stone Fox Vocabulary Lessons and Comprehension
Stone Fox Online Questions
Stone Fox folder Games
Stone Fox Jeopardy
Blank Power Point Template for Summarizing the story.
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10
1. p. 13 harvest: the season when crops are gathered.
2. p. 23 purchased: to get by paying money
3. pg. 37 taxes: money collected by the government from people or businesses for public use.
4. pg.47stunned: to affect with shock
5. pg. 47 amateurs: people who take part in something without having experience or skill in it.
6. pg. 57 legends: old stories that are widely believed but cannot be proven to be true.
7. pg 58 treacherous: not safe because of hidden dangers
8. pg. 58 courage: the strength ofmind that makes one able tomeet danger and difficulties with firmness.
9. pg. 71 disqualified: to make or declare unfit or not qualified
10. pg. 73 magnificent: having impressive beauty, very grand
Complete the following questions in your reading folder. REMEMBER to restate the question in your answer.
Example: What was the name of the dog? The name of the dog was Searchlight.
1. Page 5 What was the name of the doctor that helped Grandfather?
2. Page 6 How did the doctor know that Grandfather was really sick?
3. Page 9 What did the doctor say was wrong with Grandfather?
4. Page 16 What did Grandfather's signals mean?
5. Page 20 How did Little Willy complete the Harvest?
6. Page 23 According to Miss Williams, what did little Willy do too much?
7. Page 25 How did little Willy harvest the potatoes?
8. Page 28 How do you know that Searchlight knows the path to the farm?
9. Page 33-34 Who was Clifford Snider and what did he want from Grandfather?
10. Page 42-43 Why did little Willy go to the bank?
11. Did he get what he wanted?
12. Page 44 What does little Willy see when he visits Chester?
13. Page 48 How does little Willy pay for the entrance fee?
14. Page 51 Describe Stone Fox.
15. Page 54 Why did Stone Fox refuse to speak to a white man?
COURAGE Section A
Answer the following true or false.
_____ You can use courage in positive or negative ways.
_____ It is easier to be courageous if you are popular.
___ Students at school are often courageous.
____ Peer pressure is not a big deal.
_____ It takes courage to admit to others wehn you made a mistake.
_____ It is always better tokeep out of things unless it directly involves you.
COURAGE Section B
Rank the following from most courageous (1) to least courageous (6).
___ To try out for a sports team when you're not sure ifyo will make the team.
___ To try to make a new friend when you're not sure if they will like you.
___ To say NO to comeone who is offering you to cheat on a test.
___ To try something new in front of your friends when you have never tried it before.
___ To admit toyour parents that you told them a lie.
___ To helpsomeone who is "not cool" who is being bullied.
STudy Guide Questions:
Questions: Be able to answer these
1. What is the main idea of the novel?
2. What was the problem at the beginning of the story?
3. What did the Doctor tell Little Willy?
4. What did Little Willy find out was bothering Grandfather to make him sick?
5. What might happen to Grandfather and Little Willy if their problem wasn’t solved?
6. What did Grandfather need to do to solve the problem?
7. How does Little Willy decide to solve the problem?
8. Why does Stone Fox come to town?
9. What will Little Willy do if he wins the race?
10. Why did Little Willy have to carry Searchlight across the finish line?
11. In the novel, the author uses the simile “his face was as hard as stone” to describe who?
12. How do you know this is realistic fiction?
Be able to answer these questions with complete sentences.
1. Explain what you think Grandfather meant when he told Little Willy, “Where there’s a will there’s a way.”
2. Why did Stone Fox help Little Willy at the end of the race?
Read the topic in the box below and write a well organized composition of at least 100-150 words. Be sure to follow the suggestions listed under the box.
Your teacher has asked you to write about a time when you acieved a personal goal. Explain the goal and how you achieved your goal. Be sure that your teacher understands why the goal is important to you and how the achievement of this goal has changed your life or the life of others.
You should have 5 paragraphs: opening, three detail paragraphs, closing. Be sure that yoru composition has a beginning, a middle, and an end. Give specific details. Be sure to write clearly. Check your writing for corrrect spelling, grammar, punctuation.
Back To Top1. Stories often teach lessons about human behavior.
Ms. Martinez's Webpage
The Seven Children
Theme 2: Text pg. 138-147
2. It is important to help others.
1. What lesson does this story teach?
2. Why is it important to work together?
Working Together Bubble Map
Pretend you are spending the day in the woods. Brainstorm in small groups a list of items you will need for the day. Make a class list.
How should someone prepare to spend time outdoors? What are the consequences of not having the necessary items?
1. anticipation - n. the feeling of looking forward to something: George's anticipation about his birthday was so great that he could not sleep. syn. expectation.
anticipation unfamiliar thicketclearing unity
2. unfamiliar - adj. Not known: Your name is unfamiliar to me, but I recognize your face. syn . strange
3. thicket - n. Bushes and trees that grow very close together: We could not hike throughthe thicket, so we had to go around it. syn. undergrowth
4. clearing - n. A place where trees and shrubs have been cut away: The campers pitched their tents in the clearing. Workbook pg. 36
More Words"Let's go this way," Kyle said. "This path is unfamiliar and may take us to a really neat place."
flint stones kindlingcanteenmosquitoes
Vocabulary In context OH pg. 34
"Look at the chipmunk!" Mara cried out as she pointed to some low bushes. "It just darted from that thicket."
"I wonder what we'll see next!" Kyle said, full of anticipation.
"This clearing is a perfect place for a picnic because it's so open." Mom said.
"Great," Kyle said. "Now can we please eat? I'm starving!"
"Picnics are fun," said Dad. "especially when we work together in unity. It makes everyone feel good."
Genre: FableYou can use clues from a story to predict what might happen next. Think carefully about what happens in the story, including what the characters do and say, and what you already know from real life.
A fable is a brief story.
It has a moral (teaches a lesson about behavior).
Example: The Emperor's New Suit
SKILL: Predicting Outcomes (oh35)
Last week Rob bought a baseball glove with his own money. Today Lara wants to borrow the glove. Lara has lost two backpacks and a sweater so far this year. what do you predict Rob will do?
Prediction: Rob won't lend Lara the glove.
Rob paid for the glove with his own money.
Laura has lost several things this year.
What I Already Know
If I use my own money to buy something, I take better care of it.
If I lend something to someone who loses things, I take a risk that what I lend will be lost.
Ben asked his mother what she wanted for her birthday.
"Don't spend money." Mom said."Just do something nice."
Ben remembered that his mom said she was too busy to weed their garden every Saturday. That gave him an idea. What do you think Ben will do?
Workbook pg. 38 and Workbook pg 39
Homophones are words that sound alike but have different meanings and spellings.
heard - herd tail - tale knight - night mourning - morning
weight - wait aweigh - away bee - be no - know
hour - our by - buy
Workbook pg. 40
Use a Flow Map to put the main events of the story in order.
Back To Top1. Stories often teach lessons about human behavior.
Ms. Martinez's Webpage
The Garden of Happiness
2. It is important to help others.
3. It is important to accept others' differences to accomplish a group task.
1. What lesson does this story teach?
2. Why is it important to work together?
3. How are character and events in literature like people and events in real life?
1. What does this mural remind you of?
2. What do you like or dislike about it?
3. What does the picture tell without words?
4. If you could create a mural, what would you include? What would be your subject?
How can creating a mural make a neighborhood a better place?
What are other ways people can work together to make their neighborhoods better places to live?
How do these actions improve the quality of life in community?
Back To TopEnduring Understandings
"Sarah, Plain and Tall"
-All living things grow and change.
-One change can lead to another.
-Facts are true statements. Opinions are not necessarily true.
-How can we benefit from change? How is growing and changing a part of life?
-How can one change cause other changes?
- How is fact different than opinion
Genre: Historical Fiction:
The Setting is a real time and place of the past.
It may include actual historical figures as characters.
It may include some events that really happened.
It may include some made-up events and details.
In this story we will see how one family grows and changes when a possible new family member joins them.
Vocabulary Power Point
Vocabulary: alarmed, windbreak, conch, paddock, rustle
Read the following story to see if you can figure out the meaning of the vocabulary words.
The other night, I heard some noise coming from the windbreak between our house and the beach. I looked out at the row of pine trees that protects our house from the ocean wind. I thought I might be hearing the rustle of branches in the wind, but I couldn't be sure.
A Mysterious Tale
The next morning, I was alarmed to find that someone had let our hourse out of the paddock. As I led it back through the gate, I was puzzled. Who had been there?
That night, I hid in the trees to see if I could find out. Soon I heard the noise again. Then I saw a huge raccoon playing with a conch shell. Now it made sense: The curious critter probably was trying to climb the gate, and it must have knocked the latch open. The mystery was solved.
alarmed - frightened or worried.
windbreak - a row of trees, used to block the wind.
conch - a large spiral shell
paddock - a fenced in piece of land usually used for grazing horses
rustle - a soft sound made by things rubbing together.
1. Where does Sarah want Seal, her cat, to stay?
Questions to Think About When Reading:
2. How is the shell of the moon snail special?
3. Who is the story teller in this selection?
4. Where does this selection take place?
5. Who loves Sarah first?
6. What do Kaleb and Anna hope will happen?
7. Why does Caleb smile at the name of the flower Sarah has never seen?
8. Why do Papa and Caleb start saying ayuh?
9. How does Anna know that Sarah cut Papa's hair?
10. Why does Sarah brus her hair long and free and tie it back?
11. Why do anna and Caleb worry that Sarah misses Maine?
12. Why are Anna and Caleb pleased when Sarah tells her brother about "our dune"?
Authors do not always tell readers everything in a story. Readers must use story information and their own knowledge to help them understand a story. This is drawing a conclusion.
Murray had applied for a job at the library. A week had passes since he applied and he had not heard anything . Then he got a letter from thelirary. He frowned as he read the letter. Then he crumpled it up and threw it in the trash.
What the Words Say: Murray frowned as he read the letter. He crumpled it up and threw it away.
What I already Know: People frown when they are upset. People sometimes become upset if they don't get what they want.
Conclusion: The letter said that Murray did not get the job at the library.
Drawing Clusions Interactive Practice More Practice Flip Chart Lesson plans
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The Kids' Invention Book
Vocabulary PPT Vocabulary Web Vocabulary Comprehension Questions Skill: Main Idea 1. document - n. A printed or written record that contains information: A passport is a document that allows you to travel from one country to another.
2. prosthetic- adj. Having to do with a replacement body part, such as a tooth, an eye, or a limb.: With her prosthetic hand, Hilda could draw.
3. device- n. A piece of equipment that was designed to so a certain task: The telephone is a communication device.
4. disability - n. A condition, such as an illness or injury, that interferes with normal activity: The special Olympics is a sports event for athletes with disabilities.
5. circular - adj. In the shape of a circle: The wheel turned with a circular motion. syn. round
6. scholarship- n. The quality and character of a serious student: Ray's high grades showed good scholarship. syn. studiousness
7. modify - v. to change slightly: Since it is raining, we will have to modify our plans for the class picnic. syn. alter.
1. According to the story, how can inventions help people?
2. Why did chester Greenwood invent earmuffs?
3. What is the name of a device that replaces a missing body part?
4. Why didn't Reeba make a working model of her invention?
5. What do Chester Greenwood's and Josh Parson's inventions have in common?
6. What did Dr. Smith suggest about Larry's sprinkler?
7. What do Reeba's and Larry's inventions have in common?
8. What is one way to begin creating an invention?
9. after brainstorming, what is the next step in creating an invention?
10. In creating an invention, what is the next step after choosing a solution?
11. Why did Josh Parsons invent the prosthetic catch and throw device?
12. How do you know if you have created a new invention?
Announcer: Today we are visiting Dr. Lester Colton, the noted inventor. doctor, what is that device?
Dr. Colton: Well, Sheila, this is a special prosthetic device for a runner who does not have a foot.
Announcer: You have invented several other devices to help people with disabilities,haven't you?
Dr. Colton: Yes, Let me show you this docuent. It's my patent application for a newkind of circular door designed for people in wheelchairs.
Announcer: Didn't you also figure out a way to modify bicycles so people whose legs are not strong can use them?
Dr. Colton: I'm working on that now. By the way, let me say one thing to young inventors: Work hard and keep thinking. You might win a scholarship award or an inventors' competition!
Skill: Main Idea
Main Idea WS 1 Main Idea WS 2 Beacon Learning Practice Harcourt Skill Practice Interactive Practice Main Idea: The main idea of a paragraph is what all the sentences are about. Read the paragraph and ask, “What’s your point?” That will help you zero in on the main idea.
DIRECTIONS: Read each paragraph carefully. Choose the best answer to the questions that follow.
1. Juan loves to play games. His favorite game is chess because it requires a great deal of thought. Juan also likes to play less demanding board games that are based on luck. He prefers Monopoly because it requires luck and
skill. If he’s alone, Juan likes to play action video games as long as they
aren’t too violent.
What is the main idea of this paragraph?
a. Juan dislikes violence.
b. Juan likes to think.
c. Juan enjoys Monopoly.
d. Juan enjoys playing games.
2. Maria is watching too much television. A toddler shouldn’t be spending hours staring blankly at a screen. Worse yet, some of her wild behavior has been inspired by those awful cartoons she watches. We need to spend more time reading books with her and pull the plug on the TV!
What is the main idea of this paragraph?
a. Watching a lot of television isn’t good for Maria.
b. Books are good.
c. All cartoons are bad.
d. Some cartoons are bad for Maria.
3. Samantha, I can’t eat or sleep when you are gone. I need to hear your
scratchy voice and see your lovely toothless smile. I miss that special way that you eat soup with your fingers. Please come home soon!
What is the main idea of this paragraph?
a. Samantha, you have bad manners.
b. Samantha, you should see a dentist.
c. Samantha, I miss you.
d. Samantha, I have lost my appetite.
4. Someday we will all have robots that will be our personal servants. They will look and behave much like real humans. We will be able to talk to these
mechanical helpers and they will be able to respond in kind. Amazingly, the
robots of the future will be able to learn from experience. They will be smart, strong, and untiring workers whose only goal will be to make our lives easier.
Which sentence from the paragraph expresses the main idea?
a. Someday we will all have robots that will be our personal servants.
b. We will be able to talk to these mechanical helpers and they will be able to respond in kind.
c. They will look and behave much like real humans.
d. Amazingly, the robots of the future will be able to learn from experience.
Contributing to the Main Idea
HINT: Every sentence in a paragraph must contribute to the main idea. Most of the sentences in a paragraph simply support the main idea. Some may state or summarize that idea.
DIRECTIONS: There is one sentence in each of the following paragraphs that does not contribute to the main idea. It does not belong in the paragraph. Underline the sentence that should be removed from each paragraph.
1. I am looking forward to Election Day. It’s fun to vote and exciting to watch the election results. I’ll be rooting for my candidate to win and enjoying the suspense if the vote is close. The following day will be a good time to play video games. No matter who wins, an election is a special occasion.
2. April is beginning the lengthy process of choosing a college to attend. She is buying and reading guides to the best schools. She hasn’t completely ruled out working for a year before attending college. She’s checking out the many Websites that provide information for picking the right college or university. She’s even researching the climate of the area of every school she considers.
3. Bill is one of those people who just doesn’t have to worry about gaining too much weight. He is the best tennis player I’ve ever met. Bill can eat any amount of any food he likes without putting on an ounce. He can go for weeks without exercising with no apparent effect. It just doesn’t seem fair!
4. Scientists are learning a great deal about the aging process. This knowledge will allow doctors to help their patients live longer and better lives. They will be able to defeat diseases associated with aging and perhaps even delay the onset of old age. Many doctors would agree that some medicines are much too expensive.
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Ms. Abadie's Vocabulary PPT Fact/Opinion Interactive PPT Fact or Opinion Questions Quia Fact or Opinion Game Enviro Tackle Box; Forces in the Environment Video Sound The Alarm: Firefighters At Work Video
The purpose is to give information about a topic. It often uses photos with captions. It may include the writer's opinion about the facts presented.
Vocabulary1. dedication - the will to keep working hard on a task.
2. loyalty - faithfulness
3. billowing - rising in big waves
4. brigade - a group of people organized to do something.
5. ventilate - to create a vent, or opening for letting air in and out
6. flammable - easily set on fire.
7. curfew - law or rule that says something cannot happen after a certain time.
Focus Skill: Facts and Opinions
- statements that can be proved
- tells what is happening or what has happened
- describes something that can be seen or that really occured
- tells how the writer or speaker feels about something.
- cannot be proved
-often include verbs such as should, must, and ought
- often include phrases like in my opinion or I think
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How To Eat Fried Worms
Ms. Abadie's Vocabulary PPT Worm Out Game Worms Web Quest Adventures of Herman the Worm Earthworm Information Worms Flip Chart Worms Unit
Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4
Story Pod Casts
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Week 1: Chapters 1-71. squirmed - turned or twisted
2. devious - out of the direct way; roundabout
3. coax - persuade or try to persuade by pleading, sweet talk, or charm
4. schemer: a person who plans or plots
5. sly - able to fool, trick, or deceive
6. duel - any fight or contest between two opponents
7. heap - in large amounts
8. piccalilli: a relish made of chopped pickles, onions, tomatores, and hot spices.
9. fink: an informer
10. scrutinize - examine closely, inspect carefully
11. quaver - shake tremendously, tremble
12. bleat - a cry made by asheep, a goat, or a calf
13. chaff - make fun of in a good-natured way, to one's face
14. gaggles - a cluster or group
Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Chapter 12 Chapter 13 Chapter 14 Chapter15
Plans Vocabulary List Optional Activities Read and Respond 1. pelting: to hit again and again, keep beating
2. cringe: to draw back, bend over, or tremble with fear
3. deracinated: uprooted
4. indignant: displeased or angry
5. nudge: push or poke gently
6. trough: a feedbox for animals
7. interfere: to butt in or intrude
8. jostled: to shove or push in a rough way
9. tentatively: not definite or final
10. tapeworm: a long, flat worm sometimes found in the intestines of a human or animal
11. mammoth: a type of elephant that lived long ago
12. antidote: a substance that is taken to work against the effect of poison
13. rumbled: to make a deep, heavy, rolling sound
14. coil: to wind around and around in circles or in a spiral
Questions1. How did Billy's parents react when they found out he ate the worms?
2. What time did Tom say he had to be home?
3. Does Alan Think their trick worked?
4. Describe the problem Alan and Joe confront Billy with in Ch. 10.
5. Despite the problem, what leads Billy to eat the fifth worm?
6. Why does Alan ask his father to show him fifty dollars?
Chapter 16 Chapter 17 Chapter 18 Chapter 19 Chapter 20 Chapter 21 Chapter 22 Chapter 23 Chapter 24
1. Virtuous - have virtue, good morals
2. nonchalantly - not caring, not showing concern
3. gesture - a motion made to show some idea or feeling
4. referee - a person who is chosen to see to it that the rules are followed.
5. dredge - to coat or sprinkle with
6. poached - to cook an egg without its shell, in boiling water
7. midst - in the course of; during; in the middle of
8. envious - full of jealousy or dislike felt toward another
9. protruding - to stick out, project, or extend
10. mutter - to speak or say in low tones, with lips almost closed.
11. savory - pleasing to the taste or smell
12. rude - without respect for others; impolite
13. smother - to cover with a thick layer.
Questions1. Write a one paragraph summary of the major events in this section.
2.What did Billy know that helped him gulp the worm "triumphantly, serene, untroubled?"
3. Whyd does Billy seem to ignore Tom when he returns to witness the eighth worm?
4. Explain alan and Joe's second scheme they use in an attempt to prevent Billy from winning the bet (ch 19).
5. What causes Billy to become suspicious of the ninth worm?
6. Alan and Joe pay Billy's mom a visit. What happens when they fink on Billy and tell her what he has been eating?
7. What do Alan and Joe ask Billy's mom to do for them? Explain Mrs. Forrester's attitude towards the bet and what she has to do. How does she help with the bet?
8. Describe the next scheme Alan and Joe come up with to try to trick Billy into losing the bet.
9. The boys are having a hard time agreeing on the terms of the bet, and as a result they argue. What could the boys have done early on to prevent these disagreements?
10. If you were to make a similar bet, what rules would you suggest?
Chapter 25 Chapter 26 Chapter 27 Chapter 28 Chatper 29 Chapter 30 Chapter 31 Chapter 32 Chapter 33 Chapter 34 Chapter 35 Epilogue Chapters 25-411. murmur: a soft sound
2. repetition: the act of repeating
3. wrenched: a sudden, sharp turn
4. accusing: to charge with fault
5. trembling: to shake with quick, short movements
6. staggered: to move unsteadily; sway
7. defrauding: to take something by fraud; swindle
8. trudge: to walk wearily
9. mussed: to make messy; untidy
10. cistern: a tank or container for holding water
11. lunging: a sudden forward movement
12. writhed: to twist or bend out of movement
Questions to Think About1. Alan and Joe are very excited because they think they have won the bet. Describe the events that take place next.
2. What is Mr. Phelp’s reaction when he finds out what Alan has done to Billy?
3. What does Alan’s father make the boys do as punishment?
4. What event occurs to prevent Billy from eating the final worm?
5. Describe how Billy gets the final worm.
6. What unexpected event occurs in the final chapter?
(Any time throughout book)
o Compare 4 characters in flap book. Complete on board as class. Students can draw boys and give description.
o Worm Measurement: See attached handout. Use gummy candy worms to measure objects.
o Worm du Jour: see attached handout. Students can come up with new recipe to cook the worms.
o Make chart of 10 yuckiest foods under $50.00.
o Create a story of a bet that you would make with a friend of a food that you wouldn’t eat.
o Make a bar graph of class’s favorite condiments.
o Create a letter telling what your favorite part of the book was and why.
o Create a menu with only worm dishes on it. It can include other foods with worms, but they all must include worms.
o Complete the online scavenger hunt: http://www.vickiblackwell.com/tt2/shannonjenkins/hunt/
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