Ms. Martinez's Science Page

Home
 Ms. M's Science Test Prep Page
 Science and The Environment 1 PPT
 Science and The Environment Part 1 Study Guide
 

Science & the Environment PT 2 PPT Food Webs ppt

 

 

Science & the Environment Part 2 Study Guide

habitats and food chains ppt

  The Environment Part 3 Lesson
  Science And the Environment Part 4
Science and the Environment Part 4 Study Guide
Life Science part 1
Life Science part 2
  Life Science_Animals pt 1
 Life Science_Animals pt 2
  Life Science: Human Body 1
 Life Science Human body 2
Life Science Human Body 3 

Earth and Space Science 1

Online Webtest

  Earth and Space 1
 Earth and Space 2
Earth and Space 3
 Earth and Space 4
Earth and Space Science 5 

Earth and Space Science 6 

Planet Project

Physical Science 1
Physical Science 2
 Physical Science 3
Physical Science 4: Light
Sound
  JC Schools Science Site
  Simple Machines
  Electricity
 

 
 Electric Currents F12-15
 Magnets
 Planets
 How Does Light Behave? E96
 Matter and Its Changes
 Measuring Matter
 Useful Properties of Matter
 Light and Color E 110
 Physical and Chemical Changes
 What is sound?
  Why Do Sounds Differ?E78-89
 How Does Heat Affect Matter? E 40-45
  What Are Cells? A1-A11
Features of Animals A12-17
  Animal Adaptations
  Animal Adaptations: Behaviors A56-61
  Plants
  Parts of a Plant
  Parts of an Ecosystem
  Layers of the Earth
Earthquakes and Volcanoes
C12-25
Earth's Atmosphere
D6-D9
Air and Weather 
D12-17
Weather Prediction
D20-23
 The Skeletal System A 98
  Respiratory and Circulatory Systems A 104-107
 Simple Machines
 

 
 Science Review Game PPT
 Science PPTS


Electricity


Lesson PPT
  Electric Circuits Game
 Kids Konnect
 Watered Down Electricity
Electric circuits flip
Simple Turning on the lights flip
 PPTS & Activities
1.  A flow of electric charges is called an electric current.
2.  A path that is made for an electric current is called a circuit.
3. A battery is an electric cell, which supplies energy to move charges through a circuit.  )
4.  A conductor is a material that current can pass through easily.
5.  A material that current cannot pass through easily is called an insulator.
6.  A material that resists but doesn't stop the flow of current is called a resistor. 
7.  .
8. A parallel circuit has more than one path for current to travel.
9.  An electric current is measured in amps.
10.An electric current needs a circuit in order to flow.
11.  The parts in a circuit system in a flashlight are batteries, switch, light bulb, and conductor.
12.  If a part of the system is removed the circuit is broken and the flashlight won't work. 
13.  The wsitch in a circuit controls when a circuit is open or closed, and therefore controls the flow of electricity. 
14.  A current travels in a series circuit by following only one path. 
15. If there is one disconnected bulb in a series circuit it will cause the other lights to go out because there is only one path for the current to follow, and with one bulb out, the path is not continuous.
16. If you remove one bulb from a parallel circuit the other bulbs will stay lit because current continues to flow along a different path.
17. Your home is wired using parallel circuits because if a bulb goes out, it does not prevent the rest of the electrical devices in the home from working.
18. The difference between a conductor and an insulator is that a current can flow easily through a conductor, but not through an insulator.
19. Electric cells supply energy in electric currents.


Simple Machines


Lesson Ppt
 Demo and Game
 Ed Heads
 Simple Machines
Simple Machines
Simple Machines Flip Chart Lesson *
 Simple Machines 2
 Simple Machines Games (quia)
 Cukoos Clockworks
 Brainpop Jr.
 Brainpop 
       
1.  A basic machine that makes up other machines is called a simple machine.
2.  Efficiency is how well a machine changes effort into useful work.
3.  A lever is a bar that turns on a fixed point called a fulcrum.  (Examples:  pry bar, pliers, scissors, see-saw)
4.  The effort force is the force used when you push or pull a lever.
5.  A pulley is made up of a rope or chain and a wheel around which the rope fits.
6.  A pulley that stays in the same place is called a fixed pulley.  Fixed pulleys are often used to raise and lower something lightweight such as a flag.
7.  Multiple pulleys are used to move heavy loads.
8.  A wheel and axle is made up of a large wheel attached to a smaller wheel or rod.
9.  Examples of a wheel and axle are a door knob, a fishing reel, and a wheel on a wheelchair.
10. An inclined plane is a flat surface that has one end higher than the other. (Example:  a ramp)
11.  The effort force of an inclined plane is applied upward along the plane.
12.  An inclined plane makes work easier by decreasing the force needed to lift an object. 
13.  Wrapping an inclined plane around a pole makes a screw 
14.  Turning a screw moves things up a spiral ramp. 
15.  Two inclined planes placed back to back for a wedge.  (Example: the blade of an ax)
16.  A wedge pushes things apart while a ramp lifts things.

 


Physical Science Part 1


  Lesson PPt
Study Guide
 Physical & Chemical changes ppt
  Property Changes Brain Pop
  Changes in Properties of Matter Video
 Matter and Its Properties video
 Physical Changes information
 chemical Changes Information
 Quia Physical or Chemical Change Game
 States of Matter Flip chart
 Basic States of Matter Quiz
 Changing States Flip chart
 What is Matter Flip Chart
 3 states of matter Venn flip
 States of Matter Experiment with liquid starch/glue
Chemical and Physical Changes site
Physical and Chemical Change flip chart-short
Identify physical or chemical - 1 pg. flip
Physical & Chemical Change flip - good review 
 BBC States of Matter
Study Guide
1. Matter is everything in the universe that has mass and takes up space. 
2. Air is an example of matter. 
3. Mass is the amount of matter something contains.  A large heavy elephant has more mass than a leaf. 
4. The three states of matter are solid, liquid, gas
5. A solid is matter that has a definite shape and takes up a definite amount of space. 
6. A liquid is matter that takes the shape of its container and takes up a definite amount of space. 
7. If you pour a liquid from one container to the other the matter will stay the same
8. A gas is matter that has no definite shape and takes up no definite amount of space. 
9. An ice cube is an example of matter that changes from a solid to a liquid to a gas. An ice cube melts and the liquid becomes water vapor. 
10. A solid is the state of matter that keeps its shape. 
11. Liquids and gases are states of matter that take the shape of their containers. 
12. Taking away heat can change a liquid to a solid
13. If all the ice in the world melted, the oceans would rice 180 feet and the Statue of Liberty would be completely under water except for the torch and crown.
14.  A physical change is a change in size, shape, or state (solid, liquid, gas) 
 Example: Cutting a piece of paper -cutting a piece of paper is a physical change because the shape and size of the paper are changed. 
Other Examples of Physical Changes
-An ice cube melts in your hand
-An ice cube is cracked with a hammer ,
-Rock candy is changed to confectioners' sugar (powdered sugar) ,
-Butter melting on a hot waffle ,
-snapping a long piece of chalk into two pieces,
-Hardened slabs of steel are heated and passed through rollers to make a thin sheet of steel,
-Boiling water. 

15.  A Chemical Change produces one or more substances and may release energy.  Signs of a chemical change may include the formation of one or more new substances, a color change, or a release of energy
 Examples of a chemical change
-A silver teapot changes from shiny silver to dark and dull, -Vinegar and baking soda are mixed in a bottle with a balloon covering the top ,
-A burning match ,
-Bread baking ,
-An anchor rusting
 

Physical Changes Chemical Changes
Aluminum foil is cut in half. Milk goes sour.
Clay is molded into a new shape. Jewelry tarnishes. 
Butter melts on warm toast. Bread becomes toast. 
Water evaporates from the surface of the ocean. Rust forms on a nail left outside.
A juice box in the freezer freezes. Gasoline is ignited.
Rubbing alcohol evaporates on your hand. Hydrogen peroxide bubbles in a cut.
  Food scraps are turned into compost in a compost pile.
  A match is lit.
  You take an antacid to settle your stomach.
  Your body digests food.
  You fry an egg. 



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Physical Science Part 2

Lesson PPT
Study Guide
 Brain Pop Jr. Solids, liquids, gases
 Liquid volume Flip chart
 Measuring Matter Flip Chart
 Brain Pop
1. The 3 physical properties of matter are mass, volume, and density.

2. A person in outer space is said to be "weightless", but the person's mass doesn't change. Why is the mass of the person in both places the same? 
The person contains the same amount of matter in both places.

3. A person is made up of matter. The matter in a person makes up their mass

4. Some matter takes up a large space but has a small mass. An example:
A balloon can be very large, but be so light that it can float in the air.  A brick can be smaller than some balloons, but it has more mass. 

5. A person's mass does not change unless they lose matter. 

6. A person’s weight is the measure of the gravitational pull on that person. 

7. To measure mass, we use a pan balance.

8. Grams and Kilograms are the units used to measure mass.

9. Volume is the amount of space that matter takes up.

10. Scientists use a beaker or tall cylinder to measure volume. 

11. Volume is calculated using the formula L x W X H.

12.  You can find the volume of odd shaped objects by sinking them into water.  The change in water level gives the volume of the solid.

13. In order to find the volume of a liquid, you can pour the liquid into a container marked with milliliters.

14. The 3 physical properties of matter are mass, volume, and density.

15. Density compares the amount of matter in an object to the amount of space it takes up. (Density = mass divided by volume.)

16. When you compare the density of a balloon to the density of a brick: 
   The gas in a balloon has a low density. The density of the brick is much higher.

17. To measure density you divide the mass by the volume
 



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Physical Science Part 3


Lesson PPT
Study Guide
 What is Matter Flip chart?
 Forms of Matter video
 Discovery Ed Videos
1.  A  solution is a mixture in which the particles of different kinds of matter are mixed evenly with each other.

2. In a Sugar and water solution you can tell that the sugar is still there because: 
        A. You can ___taste_____ the _sweetness_____ in the solution. 
        B. If the water ___evaporated_____, the solid sugar will be left at the ___botttom______ of the container. 

3. When one material forms a solution with another material it dissolves_________. 

4. If you continue to add sugar to water then eventually the sugar particles__will not_________ mix evenly with the water particles and the sugar __falls_to the bottom of the glass. 

5.____Solubility___ is the measure of the amount of material that will dissolve in another material.

6. When a solid forms a __solution___with water, particles of the solid become separated and spread in the water. 
7.  __Density_ the ability of matter to float in a liquid or a gas. 

8. An object sinks in water when it is _less_ dense than the water.

9. One way to __lessen__ the density of an object is to add more ______weight to that object. The object needs to have a different density. 
10. Clay is denser than water. How can a clay boat float? 
The boat floats because it is keeping the water out while keeping the air in. 
11. Name 3 examples of transportation that use buoyancy. 

1. __hot air balloon__________2. __submarine___   3. __blimps__
 



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Physical Science Part 4: Light


Lesson PPT
Study Guide
  What is Light Flip chart
  Introduction to Light Flip Chart
  Magic School Bus Makes a Rainbow
 color brainpop
 Light Magic Story
 Reflection: Mirrors
 Lights and Shadows
 The Real Deal: LIght bbc
 How Rainbows work
 Light in Color Experiements
     
Physical Science Part 4-Light
Study Guide

1.  Light is a kind of energy. Without light energy, you could not see anything. 

2. Changes light energy can cause are: it helps plants make food and grow; it can move cars; it makes things visible; it can power satellites in space. 

3. The sun provides energy to Earth. 

4. The bouncing of light off an object is called a reflection. 

5. You see objects in a mirror because their light is reflected straight back at you. 

6. Light bouncing off a smooth surface gives an image you can see. ( Ex: mirror, shiny metal, water) Light does not reflect off of rough surfaces. 

7. There are some things light goes through. That's why you can see through air , water, and glass. 

8. Light travels at different speeds in air, water, and glass. 

9. The bending of light when it moves from one kind of matter to another is called refraction. 
(EX. If you place half of a toy in a glass bowl of water so that you can see half of the toy in the water and half above water (in air), the light isn't bending. So the toy will look as if it is broken in two.) (see the illustration on pg.E104) 

10. Light travels through air, water, and glass. However, most matter doesn't let light pass through. 

11. Stopping light is called absorption. 

12. There are three ways an object can interact with light. 
        1. opaque - the object reflects or absorbs all light (Ex. wood, door) 
        2. translucent - object reflects and absorbs some light (Ex. fogged over window, wax paper) 
        3. Transparent - object does not reflect or absorb much light. (Ex. windows and plastic wrap.) 



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Sound


 Lesson PPT
 Study Guide
 Sound Memory Game
 Intro To Sound Flip Chart
 Good Vibrations: Instruments Flip Chart
 Sound Brain Pop
Physical Science Part 6  Sound   Study Guide answers
1 Sound is vibrations you can hear. 
2. To produce sound, an object must vibrate
3. Sound can be transmitted or travel in waves
4. Pitch measures how high or low a sound is. The faster a vibration is, the higher the pitch. 
5. An example of a low pitch would be: barking like a dog. An example of a high pitch would 
     be squeaking like a mouse
6. Volume is the loudness of a sound. 
7. Compression  is the part of a sound wave in which the air is pushed together. (Think of a 
     slinky bunched up.) 
8. A sound wave is a moving pattern of high and low pressure that you can hear. 
9. Amplitude is the measure of the strength (tallness) of a sound wave. A taller wave stands for 
    a higher sound. 
10. Wavelength is the distance from one wave to the next in a sound wave. 
11.  Sound waves travel away from the vibrating object in all directions. 
12. Sound waves travel through solids, liquids and gases
13. The more objects a sound wave must travel through, the more the wave is broken up or 
       lowered
14. The farther you are from the source of a sound, the softer the sound will be.
                       Crest                   wavelength
                                                                               Amplitude
 

                                                 Trough
 

Earth and Space Science part 6


Lesson Power Point 
Solar System coloring book
Solar system Trading cards
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Solar System Jigsaw
Rocket Builder 
Now In Space
Info on Planets
Nasa Space Place
Nasa Kids club
Dress the Astronaut
Kids Astronomy
Space Play ground
space Station Kids
Planets for Kids

Brain Pop space index


Earth and Space Science Part 6 of 6 -Study Guide
1.  The planets are divided into two groups; the inner and the outer planets.
2.  The dividing line between the inner planets and the outer planets is the asteroid belt.  The asteroid belt  is chunks of rock and metal that orbit around the Earth.
3.  The inner planets are Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars.
4.  The inner planets are rocky and dense. 
5.  Earth is different from all the other planets because it contains liquid water and supports life.
6.  The outer planets are Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto.  (Pluto is a “dwarf” planet.)
7.  Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune are large spheres made up of mostly gases.  That is why they are often called the gas giants.  These planets are large and have many moons.
8.  Jupiter is the largest planet in our solar system.
9.  Jupiter’s  energy produced due to the active atmosphere causes a circular storm known as the Great Red Spot.  This weather, which is a lot like a hurricane, has lasted more than 300 years.  It is so big around that three Earths would fit inside.
10.  Saturn is the gas giant known for its rings.  Other planets have rings but Saturn’s are so wide and so bright that they can be seen from Earth through a small telescope. 
11.  Planets rings are made up of bits of dust, ice crystals, and small pieces of rock.  Rings may have been formed as a moon was pulled apart by gravity because it was too close to the planet. 
12.  Pluto is the smallest of the planets.  Recently, scientists decided that Pluto would have a downgraded status.  Pluto is no longer an official planet.  They have renamed it a “dwarf planet” because it is so much smaller than all the other planets.
13.  The planets that have no moons are Mercury and Venus. 
14.  Scientist study space in the following ways:  telescopes, crewed missions, and unscrewed missions.
15. A telescope is a device people use to observe distant objects. (Note:  There are many different types of telescopes.)
16.  Telescopes that scientist use to study space are large and powerful.  Many of them have cameras that constantly take pictures.
17.  Trips that people take into space are called crewed missions.  Crewed missions are useful because people can actually find out for themselves what it is like to live and work in space. 
18.  The United States uses the space shuttle to carry crews, materials and satellites to and from space. 
19.  Uncrewed missions are missions to space that launch without people.  Many of these missions take place to explore places that are too dangerous or too far away for people to visit. 
20.  Space probes are vehicles that carry cameras, instruments, and other tools.  They take pictures and some collect and analyze rock samples, test for substances like water, and collect other data.

Ms. M's Earth and Space Part 5


Lesson Power Point 
sun, moon, earth orbits
Comet Fun
Space Place
Solar System PPTs
National Geographic
Star Child site
Our Solar System
Enchanted Learning
Class Activities
Coloring Pages
Cloze activities
Activities
ABC Teach Worksheets
Fun and Games
Research Sites
A to Z Themes and Plans
Teacher's Corner Themes
Alphabet Activity ws
Projects
Earth and Space Science Par 5 of 6
Study Guide
1.  A solar system is a group of objects in space that move around a central star. (Our Sun) 
2.  A star is a burning sphere of gases.  Our sun is a star.
3.  The sun is the largest object in the solar system.  The sun is larger than the rest of the objects in the solar system put together.  The next largest object is Jupiter. 
4.  Some of the sun’s energy reaches the Earth as light and some reaches the Earth as heat.
5.   The dark areas on the sun are called sunspots. They are cooler than the rest of the sun’s surface and don’t give off much light. 
6.  A planet is a large object that moves around a star.  (There are 9 planets and they revolve around the sun.)
7.  The time for one complete orbit by a planet around the sun is its year.  It takes Earth 365 days to orbit the Sun.  It takes Mercury 88 days to orbit the sun.  It takes Pluto 250 Earth years to orbit the sun.  Therefore, 1 Pluto year=250 Earth Years!
8.  Moons are satellites that orbit a planet.  All of the planets have at least one moon.
9.  Asteroids and comets are other objects that move around the sun.
10.  Asteroids are small and rocky.  Some scientists believe that asteroids are pieces of a planet that never formed.
11.  A comet is a small mass of dust and ice that orbits the sun in a long, oval-shaped path.
12.  A Solar Eclipse occurs when the moon goes in front of the sun and blocks most of the sun's light from the earth. During a total eclipse all you can see from Earth is a ring of light around the moon which is part of the sun the moon did not cover.


Earth and Science Part 4


Lesson Power Point
Causes of Seasons
 Seasons Song
To The Moon
Phases of the Moon
Reasons for the Seasons video
Paz: where did the other half of the moon go?
Magic School Bus: Out of this world
Flip Chart: Moon and Sun
Flip Chart: Phases of the Moon
 Moon ppts
Brain Pop : Seasons
Brain Pop: The Moon
Brain Pop: Solar System
 Seasons ppts
Earth and Space Science Part 4
Study Guide
1.  A satellite is an object that moves around another object in space.
2.  The moon moves around Earth in a certain path or orbit. 
3.  The moon looks as large as the sun because it is much closer to Earth. (The moon is smaller than Earth and Earth is smaller than the sun.)
4.  As the moon moves around Earth, different amounts of its lighted side are visible.  As the moon moves through its orbit, different amounts of its lit half can be seen from Earth.  That’s why the moon seems to have different shapes, or phases. 
5.  The moon’s cycle of phases take just over 28 days to complete.
6.  The phases of the moon are named according to how they appear on Earth
7.  Just as the moon revolves around Earth, the Earth moves around the sun, therefore the Earth is a satellite of the sun.
8.  The movement of Earth around the sun is called its revolution. 
9.  It takes Earth 1 year or 365 days to complete a revolution.
10.  As earth revolves around the sun it is also spinning around an imaginary line called an axis. 
11.  The axis runs through the North and South Pole.  It takes 24 hours or one day for Earth to complete one rotation on its axis.  This rotation causes day and night.
12.  Due to the tilt of Earth’s axis and its movement around the sun, different locations on Earth receive varying amounts of direct sunlight, causing differences in length of day and nights.  This causes seasons. 
13.  Example:  January is a summer month in the southern hemisphere but a winter month in the northern hemisphere because the southern hemisphere is pointed toward the sun in January but the Northern hemisphere is pointed away from the sun. 
Lesson Plans
Day 1- TLW Read and discuss D64-67 and answer questions on pg. D67 for homework/turn in for a grade.
Day 2- TLWcomplete teacher made study guide while going through powerpoint.
Day 3 - TLWReview study guide with partner for 10 minutes. TLW watch brain pop video on seasons and complete the test.
Day 4- TLW review the study guide with partner for 10 minutes. TLW watch a brain pop video on phases of the moon and complete the test.
Day 5-TLW review the study guide with partner for 10 minutes. TLW draw a diagram of the seasons and label appropriately.
Day 6-Review. TTW Divide class into two teams (boys and girls). Contest using the boat race game on the notes. 

 
 
 
 


Earth and Space Science Part 3


Lesson Power Point
 Volcanoes-Magic School Bus
Weather- magic school bus
Brain Pop -Volcanoes
Brain Pop Earthquakes
 Weather and Erosion video
 Volcano ppt
 Earth quakes ppt
 Earth quakes for kids
Brain Pop Tsunami
Weathering and Erosion teacher tube 1
Weathering part 2 video
     
Earth and Space Science Part 3-study guide
1.  The Earth is always changing.
2.  Some of these changes are gradual (slow) and some are rapid.
3.  Weathering and erosion are considered gradual changes.
4.  Weathering takes place as rocks are broken down into progressively smaller pieces by the effects of weather. These pieces do not move to a new location, they simply break down, but remain next to one another.
5.  Erosion is the movement of rock particles by water and wind.  This often happens when waves break on a beach; water carries sand and other sediments as it flows back into the ocean.  Erosion along a shore causes beaches to become smaller. 
7.  Waves also deposit or drop sediments near the shore.  This is called deposition
8.  Human activities, such as reducing forest cover and intensive farming have also changed the Earth’s surface.
9.   The Earth changes rapidly when hurricanes, volcanoes, and earthquakes occur.
10.  Strong gusty winds blowing over and area of many square miles can cause a group of very large waves called a storm surge to form.  Storm surges often occur during hurricanes and can cause a lot of damage along a shore.  (Erosion)
11.  A volcano is a mountain that forms when red-hot melted rock flows through a crack onto the Earth’s surface. 
12.  Volcanoes form when two plates collide, when two plates separate, or when plates move over hot spots in the mantle.
13.  Melted rock inside Earth surface is called magma
14.  Melted rock that reaches Earth’s surface is called lava.
15.  The magma flows onto the surface through a rocky opening called a vent to form volcanic mountains.
16.    The Earth changes when volcanoes produce new ocean floor where plates are moving apart.  Volcanic mountains add to the continental crust when they form on land.  They also enrich the soil.
17.  Volcanoes can also be harmful.  Lava and ash often kill everything in their path.  Gases from the eruption can also be dangerous.
18.  An Earthquake is a vibration or shaking of Earth’s crust. 
19.  Earthquakes usually occur along faults
20.  A fault is a break in the crust along which rock moves.  Rock on either side of a fault can move up and down, side to side, or both.
21.  Earth’s crust and upper mantle are broken into continent sized slabs called plates.  Plates move very slowly across Earth’s surface.  (A few centimeters a year)
22. Plates can move toward each other, past each other, or away from each other.
23.  Volcanoes or mountains can occur at places where plates come together.
24.  The island country of Iceland is the top of an underwater mountain that formed as ocean plates moved apart.
25.  Many earthquakes happen when plates are moving past each other.  This occurs from the buildup and sudden release of energy in rocks.
26.  The fault in California along which dozens of major earthquakes have occurred is called the San Andreas Fault.
27.  Earthquakes can affect the Earth by causing tsunamis and mudslides as well as changes the Earth’s crust.
Lesson Plans
Earth's structure/ Earthquakes.
1. TLW read and discuss C8-15 (Answer questions on C17 only)
2. TLW complete study guide with class note ppt. http://pangea.tec.selu.edu/~vmartinez/ETEC644/science_earth_space_part_%203ppt.ppt
3. TLW watch volcano ppt to review:http://www.nebo.edu/misc/learning_resources/ppt/k-5/volcanos.ppt
---------------
Tsunamis
4. TLW read and discuss D40-41 on ocean movements.
5. Brain pop tsunami http://www.brainpop.com/science/earthsystem/tsunami/preview.weml
6. TLW watch the united streaming video clip on Clouds, Weather and Life 
7. Flip Chart: Weathering, Erosion, Deposition: http://www.prometheanplanet.com/server.php?show=ConResource.12899
--------------
Review:
Complete pg. C30-31 for a grade
Study and review notes for a game between boys and girls.
------
Game: Boat Race http://pangea.tec.selu.edu/~vmartinez/ETEC644/Boat_Race.ppt
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Weekly Quiz 

 
 


Earth and Space Science Part 2

Lesson Power Point
Web Weather For Kids
 Web Weather - clouds
 Weather Smart: The water cycle and clouds- video
 Atmosphere, Layers of
 ManyWeather ppts
 ManyWater Cycle ppts
 ManyClouds ppts
Cloud Types ppt
 Class Water Cycle ppt
 Layers of Atmosphere ppt
 Water cycle Interactive
 Web Weather cloud match
 Weather Flash game
  Weather Tools ppt
Earth and Space Science Part 2
1.  The atmosphere is a thin blanket of air that surrounds the Earth.
2.  There are four layers of the atmosphere. 
3.  The layer closest to the Earth is the troposphere.  We live in the troposphere and breathe in air.  Almost all weather happens in this layer.
4.  Some airplanes that travel long distances fly in the stratosphere, above the weather. 
5.  The mesosphere is the coldest layer of the atmosphere.
6.  The thermosphere is the hot, outermost layer of air.
7.  An air mass is a large body of air that has temperature and moisture similar to that of the area over which it formed.  Ex:  A warm, moist air mass is most likely to form over the Gulf of Mexico.
8. Humidity is the amount of water vapor in the air. 
8.  A front is the area where two air masses meet and where weather happens.
9.   A cold front forms when a cold air mass catches up with a warm air mass.
10.  A warm front forms when a warm air mass catches up to a cold air mass.
11.  A cold front is represented on the weather map with a line with triangles.
12.  A warm from is represented on the weather map with a line with half circles.
13. Cirrus clouds are a wispy white clouds at a high altitude. 
14. Cumulus clouds are dense, white, fluffy, puffy cotton-ball clouds.
15. Cumulonimbus clouds are towering dark clouds.  If you see them it will probably rain soon.
16. Stratus clouds form a low layer of dark gray.  You see these clouds on a gray cloudy day.
17. Air pressure(the weight) is measured with an instrument called a barometer. 
18.  A thermometer measures the temperature of air.
19.  An anemometer measure wind speed. 
20.  A wind vane or wind sock measures wind direction.
21.  The water cycle is the constant recycling of water from Earth’s surface to the atmosphere and back to the Earth’s surface again.
22. Evaporation is the process in which liquid changes into a gas.
23. Condensation is the process in which a gas changes to a liquid.
24. Precipitation is rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls from the clouds.  Precipitation forms when water droplets get too large to stay in the air/clouds.
Lesson plans 
Layers of atmosphere
1. Introduce lesson: blow up two balloons and tie them to ruler. They should be the same size and shape. Pop one. This shows that air has  (weight)mass. 
2.Read and discuss D6-D9 about the atmosphere. 
Use the following ppt to view the layers of the atmosphere and draw them in the notebook/ art paper: http://its.guilford.k12.nc.us/act/grade7/gr7_files/atmos/layers.ppt . Make a tree map for the four layers and list the characteristics of each.
3. Present classroom ppt # 1-6 and fill in study guide./Complete D9 questions for a grade.
--------------
Air and Weather /clouds
oral review of notes # 1-6
1. Read and discuss pg. D12-D17. Questions on D 17 are due at the end of the week.
2.TLW comlete the study guide while reviewing the  power point #     7-16.http://pangea.tec.selu.edu/~vmartinez/ETEC644/science_earth_space_Part_2_ppt(1).ppt Homework: Study
3.Discuss types of clouds D15 and ppt : http://jc-schools.net/write/sci/cloudtypes_files/frame.htm
Make a tree map of cloud types/ Do the web weather internet matching: http://eo.ucar.edu/webweather/cloudmatch.html
Use construction paper and cotton balls to make and label the four main types of clouds.
---------------
Weather Instruments
Read and discuss D 20-23. Homework:No questions for this section. Instead do D29 # 1-22.
Watch the ppt on : http://www.nebo.edu/misc/learning_resources/ppt/k-5/weathertrools.ppt 
and create a tree map to list the weather instruments and their characteristics. 
Finish study guide and power point. D 29 # 1-22 for a grade
------------
Water Cycle (D34-37)
Review the water cycle: http://www.communication4all.co.uk/PowerPoint%20Presentations/the%20water%20cycle.pps
Watch water cycle interactive: http://www.epa.gov/safewater/kids/flash/flash_watercycle.html
Draw and label the water cycle. Study all notes for a class game.
------------
Review
Divide the class into teams.Use the boat race game site to review the study guide notes http://pangea.tec.selu.edu/~vmartinez/ETEC644/Boat_Race.ppt.
---------------
Weekly Quiz
----------------
Activities collected for a grade: D9 questions;D17 questions; layers of the atmosphere drawing; cloud tree map-art; weather instrument tree map; water cycle drawing; D29 questions; final test

Earth and Space Science Part 1
C6-7 and C34-49
 Lesson PPT

Layers of the Earth PPt
 Layers of Earth picture
 Trace Fossil Mystery
 How Old is that Rock?
 Geologists notebook/layers of earth
Brain Pop Fossils
BrainPop Earth's Structure
BrainPop Dinosaurs
Magic School Bus: Busasaurus
 Rocks Video
   
Earth and Space Science Part 1 

1.  There are bodies of water found on Earth.  They include:  oceans, lakes, rivers, and streams.

2. Oceans are vast bodies of salt water that covers almost three fourths of the earth's surface.

3.  A lake is a large inland body of fresh or salt water.

4. A river is a large natural stream of water emptying into an ocean, lake, or other body of water

5. A stream is a steady flow of water; a small river.

6. The Earth is made up of three layers:  crust, mantle, and core.

7. The crust is the layer of Earth we walk on.  It is the thinnest layer.  The crust features include mountains, valleys, plains, plateaus, and the ocean floor

8. The mantle (middle layer) is the thickest layer of the planet.  Most of the mantle is solid rock.  Some of the mantle is partly melted rock that flows like thick liquid.

9. Deep inside Earth is the core.  The core is a dense ball made mostly of two metals, iron and nickel.

10. Earth is made up of materials such as rocks, minerals, and soil .

11. Rocks are made of minerals.

12. What is soil made of? Soil consists of rock and mineral particles mixed with organic matter.

13. Minerals are solid, inorganic (not living) substances that are found in and on earth.

14. Examples of minerals are gold silver, copper, and gems.  (Gems are cut and polished minerals.)

15. Minerals undergo a hardness test to see how easily they scratch.

16. A fossil is the preserved remains of a plant, animal or other organism that lived on Earth long ago.

17.  How do most fossils form? Most fossils form when an organism dies and is quickly buried by sediments.  Eventually the sediments harden to form rocks.  As time goes by, sediments form layers.

18. Are the oldest rocks always found on the bottom? Sometimes the oldest rocks are not always at the bottom of the “stack.”  Sometimes movement in Earth’s crust can twist or turn over stacks of layers so the oldest rocks might not be at the bottom.

19.  A trace fossil is the preserved remains of the activity of an animal that lived long ago.  Tracks, burrows, droppings, and worm holes are all trace fossils.

The Environment
Part 3


Lesson Power Point
Lesson Study Guide
 EnviroFun
 Humans and the Environment Brain Pop

1. What are the two ways ecosystems experience changes?
Ecosystems can experience slow and rapid changes.
2. What are some examples of how natural weather disasters can cause rapid changes?
 hurricanes, tornadoes,thunderstorms, fires.
3. What is erosion? Erosion is when the surface of the earth is worn away.
4. What affects the ecosystem more than any other living thing? Humans
5. What are some ways humans affect the environment?
        - 1.They cut down forests.
        - 2.They use chemicals in the wrong way, sometimes causing oil spills which can harm fish.
         -3. They burn fuels that can damage the earth's atmosphere. This causes the Greenhouse effect.
6. What are two types of resources in the environment?
They are renewable and nonrenewable resources.
7. Renewable resources can be replenished by natural processes.
Example of renewable resources are plants, water, oxygen.
8. Nonrenewable resources cannot be replaced in a reasonable time.
Examples of nonrenewable resources are metals and petroleum products.
9. Conserve means to use things in small amounts or to protect things.
10. Endangered means a living thing is in danger of dying out. There are few of them left.
11. The burning of fossil fuels like oil and coal cause greenouse gases to escape into the air and these gases arecausing warming of the earth. This effect is called the Greenhouse Effect.
12. Give an example of how animals can be affected by rapid changes to their environment:The Lousiana Black Bear is an example of an animal on the endangered species list due to changes made in the ecosystem.
13.What is causing global warming and the Greenhouse Effect?
The burning of fossil fuels like oil and coal cause greenhouse gases to escape into the air. Another cause is deforestation (cutting down trees). Trees soak up carbon dioxide.


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Life Science Part 1
A 70-76

  Lesson PPT
  Study Guide
 
 Plant Parts - Jobs
 Photosynthesis Brain Pop
 Brain Pop Jr.
 Plant Parts PPTs
 Plant Parts & Their Uses Video

1. Plants are living (biotic) things.
2. The one big difference between plants and animals is that plants can make their own food.
3. A plant makes its own food by a process called photosynthesis which takes place in the plant's leaves.
4. The process of photosynthesis:
       a. Light is trapped in the cholorophyll, the material that makes a leaf green.
       b.The plant uses carbon dioxide and water to make the food.
       c. The leaves take in carbon dioxide and the roots take in the  water.
       d. The water travels to the leaves.
       e. The leaves use the energy from the light to make food from the carbon dioxide and water. 
       f. The food that is made is sugar.
       g. Oxygen is a waste product of photosynthesis.  It is given off by leaves
5. A plant needs light, carbon dioxide, chlorophyll, and water to carry out photosynthesis. Chlorophyll gives a plant its green color
6. There are three basic plant parts: leaves, stems, and roots.
7. Leaves come in different shapes and sizes.
8. Leaves help carry out the process of photosynthesis.
9. Stems support plants and give them shape.  They also contain tubes that carry water and minerals from the roots and food from the leaves to all parts of the plant.  Stems also store water and food.
10.  Roots: There are many different types of roots, however most roots are underground and hold plants in the soil.  Roots take in water and nuturients that plants need for photosynthesis.  Ex. Cacti have roots that grow near the surface because it is easier to collect rain water in their very dry climate.
11. To live, a plant needs four things from its environment : air, nutrients, water, and light.
12. Carbon dioxide is a gas breathed out by animals and taken in by plants.
13. Plants get nutrients from soil and water from rain. 


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Life Science:plants - Part 2

 Lesson ppt
Study guide
 Life Cycle of a Flower
 Flower Pollination
 Plants we eat united streaming
 Plant parts & their uses
 Magic School Bus Goes to Seed
 Plant ppts.
 Understanding plants flip chart
Brain Pop- pollination
1. There are two kinds of plants that form seeds: cone bearing plants and flowering plants.
2. Seeds are found in the cones of cone bearing plants and the fruit of flowering plants.
3. Flowers are reproductive structures.
4. A fruit is the part of a flowering plant that contains and protects the seeds.
5. Flowers hae parts that work together to make seeds; stamen, pistil, and sepal.
6. The stamen makes pollen.
7. The pistil collects the pollen.  The bottom of the pistil is the ovary where seeds form.  It is the central structure of the flower surrounded by the stamen, the petals, and the sepals.
8. Sepals are leaf like structures at the base of the flower.
9. Seeds form after a flower is pollinated.
10. Pollination happens when pollen is carried from a stamen to a pistil by wind or animals.
11. A seed is made up of a young plant, called an embryo.
12. When the seed has met its needs it germinates or sprouts.
13. The seeds of a pine tree ( a cone bearingplant 0 form between the scales of its cones.
14. Not all plants grow from seeds.
15. Some plants grow from a piece of stem put into water.  new roots grow from the bottom of the stem.  The new stem with roots is planted in the soil.
16. Potatoes are tubers, or swollen underground stems.  Tubers are often dug up to eat.
17. Plants have many adaptations that help them survive in different environments.
a. The Venus Fly Trap is an unusual plant because it gets nutrients from insects that land on its leaves.  The leaves shut and trap the insect inside.
b. During the winter monts, there is less daylight for photosynthesis.  therefore, some trees enter a state of dormancy, or lower activity, until spring.
c.  Cacti have roots that grow near the surface because it is easier to collect rain water in their very dry climate. 
 



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Life Science: Animals Part 1


 Life Science - Animals ppt
Features of Animals ppt.
Many Power points
 Study Guide
Life Cycles
Bony or boneless?
Living Things Sort
Insect life cycles video
Metamorphosis Brain Pop
Vertebrates/ Invertebrates brain pop
Vertebrates ppt
Amphibians Brainpop
     

Life Science
Animals-Part 1 of 2
1. Animals can be classified as simple animals or complex animals.

2. A simple animal has very few cells that up make their body.  The body is made of few parts  Example:  sponge or worm

3. Many animals we know are complex animals; they are made up of many parts. 

4. Animals can be divided into two groups based on the structures that support their bodies:  vertebrates and invertebrates.

5. Vertebrates are animals with a backbone.  Examples:  birds snakes, bats, and humans

a. A bat is considered a mammal because vertebrates, have fur body coverings, give birth to live young, and nurse or feed their young with milk made by the mother.

6. Invertebrates are animals that do not have a backbone.  An outer covering, such as a shell, usually supports the body of an invertebrate. 

7. Arthropods are the largest group of invertebrates.  Examples:  ants, spiders, and crabs.

8. All animals become adults resembling their parents, and produce young of their own.

9. Animals grow and develop in many ways.  Insects such as butterflies lay eggs.  The eggs hatch into caterpillars.  The caterpillar grows and sheds its skin several times.  The last time it sheds it seals itself inside a tough shell, or chrysalis.  Finally an adult butterfly breaks out of the chrysalis. 
THIS PROCESS IS CALLED METAMORPHISIS. 
Another animal that goes through metamorphisms is a frog.

10. An environment is everything that surrounds and affects an animal, including living and nonliving things
REMEMBER:  An ecosystem is groups of living things and the environment they live in and habit is an environment that meets the needs of an organism.

11. There are five basic needs of animals:  climate, oxygen, food, water, and shelter.

12. Climate is the average temperature and rainfall of an area over many years.
13. Animals have adaptations to meet their needs in different environments/ecosystems.
 Ex:  Animals who can survive with very little water can live in a dry climate.  In an wet and warm ecosystem such as a rainforest, monkeys and birds live in the trees. 

14. Oxygen is one of the many gases in air.  Many land animals get oxygen from breathing in air.  Fish get oxygen from the water around them.
15. Food provides animals with the energy and material they need to live and grow.

16. Different animals need different kinds of food.  Ex:  Zebras and rhinos are plant eaters; while lions and leopards feed on meat provided by other animals.

17. Animals get the water they need for survival from ponds, lakes, streams, and puddles.  Others get moisture from the food they eat or as the body produces water as food is digested.

18. Some animals require more water than others.  They lose water from sweating, panting, or other means.

19. Animals need shelter so they can protect themselves from other animals or from the weather.

20. Where might a squirrel get food, water, and shelter and how would this be different from a lion? 
     a. Food:  nuts, seeds, berries from trees
     b. Water-puddles, water from foods, bird baths
     c. Shelter-hollows in trees or nest in trees
 
 



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Life Science: Animals Part 2

 Classroom Slideshow Project/ Webquest
  Lesson ppt
 Migration Concentration
Study Guide
Animal Needs
Animal Adaptations Quiz
Animal Adaptations Power Points
 Animal Adaptations Flip Chart
Animals Around Us: Adaptations Video
Power Point

Life Science-Animals
Part 2 of 2
1.  An adaptation is a body part or behavior that helps an animal meet its needs in its environment.

2.  Four examples of body part adaptations to meet basic needs are beaks, body coverings, camouflage, and mimicry.

3.  Beaks can be thick and heavy to crack open seeds, short and stubby to eat fruit, or sharp and pointed to eat insects.

4.  There are three different kinds of body coverings:  feathers, fur or hair, and scales.

5.  Feathers protect birds and help them fly.  Fur or Hair keeps an animal warm.  Scales help protect fish from other animals that live in water and reptiles from drying out.

6.  A polar bear having clear hair that allows the light to pass through is an example of how animals have special adaptations to meet the needs in their environment.

7.  Camouflage is an animal’s color or pattern that helps it blend in with its surroundings. 
 Example:  The dark skin on an alligators back makes it blend into the swamps where it lives.

8.  Mimicry is an adaptation in which an animal looks very much like another animal.
 Example:  The viceroy butterfly is a mimic because it looks like a bad-tasting monarch butterfly.

9. An instinct is a behavior that an animal BEGINS life with.  This is not a LEARNED behavior.

10.  One example of an instinct is Migration.  Migration is the movement of a group of one type of animal from on region to another back again. 

 Example:  Some Canadian birds travel south during winter months to find food and a good climate and return to Canada in the spring when the weather warms up.
 Example:  Some animals have an instinct to migrate to places where their young cans survive.  Gray whales spend the summer in areas where they can find food easily-near the North Pole.

11.  Not all animals have the instinct to migrate as winter brings colder temperatures and a lack of food.  Some animals adapt to these changes by hibernating.  Hibernation is a period when an animal goes into a long, deep “sleep.”

12.  An animal prepares to hibernate by eating extra food and finding shelter.

13.  Animals need little to no food because during hibernation the animal’s body temperature drops and its breathing rate and heart rate falls.
 Examples of animals that hibernate:  bears and ground squirrels

14.  Learned behaviors are not instincts.  It is a behavior that developed by watching or hearing other animals. 
 Example:  Tiger cubs learn to hunting skills by watching its mother hunt and by playing with other tiger cubs.
 Example:  Chimpanzees learn many behaviors that help them survive.  Chimps’ uses sounds that help them communicate with one another.  Warning/danger sounds as well as happy sounds help them survive.
 Example:  Teaching a dog how to sit before getting a treat is also a learned behavior.




 
 

Life Science: The Human Body and Nutrition
Part 1 of 3


 Lesson PPT
 Interactive Skeleton
 Bony of boneless
 Build a Body
 Story of Bones and Muscles video
 Skeleton Brain Pop
 Joints Brain Pop
 Heart Brain Pop
 Circulatory system Brain Pop
 Power Points
 Skeleton PPT
  Naming Bones Flip
The Skeletal System A 98
  Respiratory and Circulatory Systems A 104-107
 Breath of Life: Inside Story of Respiration Video
Label the skeleton!
Thinkquest Bones Unit
Body Systems Web Page
   

 
The Human Body and Nutrition  Part 1 of 3
The Skeletal and Muscular Systems
1. The food pyramid is the daily food guide recommended by the USDA. The guide shows us what foods we need each day and in what proportions.
2. We need the right amounts of good food to keep our bodies healthy so we are able to play and work at our best.
3. Some stripes on the pyramid are wider than others.  The different sizes remind you to choose more food from the food groups with the wider stripes.
4. If we eat healthy and exercise regularly, our organs and body systems will work to the best of their abilities. 
4. Organs are body parts that do particular jobs. 
5. Groups of organs that work together form systems.
6. The main parts of the skeletal system are the bones and joints.
7. The job of the skeletal system is to support the body, protect organs, and help body parts move.
8. Bones give your body shape.
9. Your bones meet at joints.  Some joints open and close as the hinge of a door does.  Your knees work this way. 
10.   Other joints let a bone move in many directions.  Your shoulder works this way.
11. Calcium helps bones grow and makes them strong.  Dairy products like milk, cheese, and yogurt contain calcium. 
12. The main parts of the muscular system are striated, smooth, and cardiac muscles.
13. The job of the muscular system is to move body parts. 
14. Cardiac muscles work automatically-without you thinking about it.
15. Exercise makes your muscles stronger and larger.  You can swim, walk the dog, play sports, ride your bike, or even climb stairs.
16. Carbohydrates provide your body with energy.  The best sources of carbohydrates—whole grains, vegetables, fruits and beans—promote good health by delivering vitamins, minerals, fiber, and a host of important nutrients.
17. Warming up by moving all your big muscles for five to ten minutes before you exercise helps prevent injury or pain.
18.   The fact on “fats” is: we all need fats. Fat helps nutrient absorptions well as many other things. 
However, when consumed in excessive amount, fats contribute to weight gain, heart disease and certain types of cancer. The key is to replace bad fats with good fats in our diet. 
• Good fats are found in foods such as: nuts and olive oil 
• Bad fats are often found in packaged foods or foods fried in vegetable oils; such as: French fries and bacon


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The Human Body part 2: Circulatory and REspiratory Systems


 Part 2 lesson ppt
 List of Human Body PPTS
 The inside story of the heart and blood video
 Respiratory system brainpop
 Circulatory system brainpop

 
The Human Body and Nutrition
Part 2 of 3
The Respiratory and Circulatory Systems
1.  The main part of the respiratory system is the lungs.
2.  The job of the Respiratory System is to provide oxygen to the body and remove carbon dioxide .
3.  Air enters your body through your nose and mouth.  It goes down your trachea to your lungs.  As you breathe in, your chest gets bigger and your lungs fill with air.
4.  We breathe in oxygen and breathe out carbon dioxide.
5.  The main parts of the Circulatory System is the heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries.
6.  The job of the Circulatory System is to carry blood to and from body cells.
7.  The heart is the muscle that pumps blood through your blood vessels to all parts of your body.
8.  Your heart is about as big as your fist.
9.  The heart is very strong and works all the time, resting only between beats.
10.  Veins are the large blood vessels that return the blood to your heart.
11.  Blood moves nutrients throughout your body and fights infection.
12. Get plenty of exercise to keep your heart and lungs strong.
13. Proteins build and repair body tissues and supplies energy to the body.  Vegetable sources of protein, such as beans, nuts, and whole grains, are excellent choices, and they offer healthy fiber, vitamins and minerals. The best animal protein choices are fish and poultry.


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Human Body Part 3 ( nervous and digestive systems)
 A108-113


 Lesson PPT
 The Story of digestion video
 The Story of the Brain/Nervous System video
 Nervous System Brain Pop
 Digestive System Brain Pop

 
The Nervous and Digestive System
1.  The main parts of the Nervous System are the brain, spinal cord, nerves, and sense organs.
2.  The job of the Nervous System is to control all body systems.
3.  The brain is the control center of the nervous system.
4.  The brain uses information it gets from your body to direct how each body system works.
5.  The brain and all other parts of the nervous system are made up of nerve cells, or neurons.
6.  Groups of neurons are called nerves and they pass along information. 
7.  Your spinal cord is a tube of nerves that runs through your spine, or backbone.
8.  When a person swings a bat, the muscles receive a message from the brain to swing the arms.
9.  The main parts of the digestive system is the mouth, esophagus, stomach and intestine.
10.  The job of the digestive system is to provide nutrients to the body.
11.  Digestion begins in the mouth when you grind up food with your teeth.
12.  Saliva softens the food.
13.  After you swallow, the food enters your esophagus which connects your mouth with your stomach.
14.  The stomach muscles squeeze the food and mix it with digestive juices.
15.  The food is then passed on into the small intestine where the nutrients pass through the walls into the blood.  The blood carries the nutrients to the body’s cells.
16.  Lastly, the food reaches the large intestine and is then passed through the body.
17.  Fiber helps your digestive system work well.  Eat foods with fiber, such as fresh vegetables, beans, fruits, cereals, and breads.


 
 

Useful Properties of Matter
E16-25

Objectives:
TLW find out why objects float.
TLW find out how solids dissolve in water.

Experiments:
Floating or Sinking: E16, Materials: plastic shoe box, water, foil, play dough

Making a mixture: E 18 - sugar and water

Solubility: E35 beaker, water, balance, aluminum, scrap of paper, stirring stick
 
 

 Buoyancy Brain Pop
 JC PPT Matter -
 Teacher's Domain - Buoyancy

Experiment
Notes:
1.  Define solution?

2. In a sugar and water solution, what are two ways that you can tell that the sugar is still there even though it can't be seen.(E16)

3. What hapens when one material forms a solution with another material? (E 19)

4. What happens to sugar when spoons of it continue to be added to water?(E19)

5. Give an example from the book of a solid that does not dissolve in water. (E19)

6. Define solubility.

7. What happens to a solid when it forms a solution with water? (E19)

8.  Define Buoyancy.

9. When does an object sink in water? (E20)

10. Which object is more dense than water, a lead fishing weight or a piece of pine wood? Explain. (E20)

11. What is an example from the book of a liquid that sinks in water?

12. when you blow through a drinking straw into water, air bubbles are pushed up by the water.   What does this show? (E20)

13. What is an example from the book of a gas that is lighter than air?

14.  Why does a helium filled balloon fly away if a person lets go of the string? (E20)

15. What is one way to lower the density of an object? (E20)

16. Clay is denser than water. How can a clay boat float?

17.  Name 3 examples of transportation that use buoyancy.



 
 
 
 
 
 

Answers:
1. A solution is a mixture in which the particles of different kinds of matter are mixed evenly with each other.
2. In a sugar and water solution you can tell that the sugar is still there because:
        1. You can taste the sweetness in the solution.
        2. If the water evaporates, the solid sugar will be left at the bottom of the container.
3. We say it dissolves.
4. At some point the sugar particles can't mix evenly with the water particles and the sugar falls to the bottom of the glass.
5. Sand is an example of a solid that does not dissolve in water.
6. Solubility is a measure of the amount of a material that will dissolve in another material.
7. Particles of the solid become separated by particles of water and spread throughout the water.
8. Buoyancy is the ability of matter to float.
9. The object must be more dense than the water.
10. The lead fishing weight is denser than water and will sink in water.
11. Maple syrup is more dense than water.
12. This shows that gases in the air are much less dense than the water.
13. What is an example of a gas that is less dense than air? Helium
14. Helium gas is less dense than air so the balloon has buoyancy, or the ability to float in air.
15. Add air to it.
16. The clay boat contained a lot of air.
17. Ships, submarines, balloons.


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Physical and Chemical Changes
E26-31

Objectives:
TLW find out some examples of physical and chemical changes.
TLW find out how to distinguish between physical and chemical changes.
 

 Physical and Chemical Changes PPT
 Property Changes Brain Pop
 Changes in the Properties of Matter Video
 Matter and Its Properties Video
 Physical and Chemical Changes PPT 2
 Physical and Chemical Changes Flip Chart 1
 *Physical & Chemical Changes Chart
 States of Matter Chart
 Physical Changes - Information
 Chemical Changes - Information
 Quia Physical or Chemical change Game
 

Notes:
A physical change is a change is size, shape, or state (solid, liquid , gas)

Be able to explain why a physical change has occured for each of the following.  Use the stem of the question in your answer.

1. Example: Cutting a piece of paper -cutting a piece of paper is a physical change because the shape and size of the paper are changed.

2. An ice cube melts in your hand
3. An ice cube is cracked with a hammer
4. Rock candy is changed to confectioners' sugar (powdered sugar)
5. Dissolving sugar in water.
6. Butter melting on a hot waffle
7. snapping a long piece of chalk into two pieces.
8. Hardened slabs of steel are heated and passed through rollers to make a thin sheet of steel.
9. Boiling water.
10. Grinding wheat into flour.

A Chemical Change produces one or more substances and may release energy.  Signs of a chemical change may include the formation of one or more new substances, a color change, or a release of energy.

Explain why a chemical change has occurred for each of the following. Use the stem of the question in your answer.
1. A silver teapot changes from shiny silver to dark and dull.
2. Vinegar and baking soda are mixed in a bottle with a balloon covering the top
3. A burning match
4. Bread baking
5. An anchor rusting
6. How is a chemical change used to make steel?

Study Guide
Tell wheter each of the following is a physical or chemical change.
Dissolving sugar in water
A nail rusting
Butter melting on a hot waffle
cutting a piece of paper
Striking a match
A cut apple turning brown
A silver tea pot tarnishing
A board sawed in half

2. What is a physical change?
3. What are signs of a chemical change?
4. How is rust made?
5. What gas is made when vinegar and baking soda mix?
6. What chemical change occurs where smoke, gas, and ashes are produced?
7. Potential Energy that can be released bya chemical change is called ___
8. what causes steel to form?


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What is Sound?
E 66-75

Find out what causes sound.
Find out how sound  travels.
Find out how your ears help you hear.
 

 The Real Deal PPT
 Quia Activities: Changing Sounds
 Loudness Interactive ppt
 Sound: A First Look Video
 Wonder of Sound Video
 Sound: Good Vibrations Brain Pop
 Hearing: Say What? Brainpop
 Introduction to sound Flipchart
 Sound Links
 Juice Bottle Jingles
 Musical Instruments
 Hands Clapping- Sound waves demo
 Interactive Sound Waves
*

Study Guide:
1. What is sound? Sound is vibrations you can hear.

2. What is a compression? It is the part of a sound wave in which the air is pushed together. (Think of a slinky bunched up.)

3. Define sound wave. A sound wave is a moving pattern of high and low pressure that you can hear.

4. Define amplitude.Amplitude is the measure of the strength (tallness) of a sound wave. A taller wave stands for a higher sound.

5. Define wave length. Wavelength is the distance from one wave to the next in a sound wave.

6. In what direction do sound waves travel?Sound waves travel away from the vibrating object in all directions.

7. Sound waves travel through solids, liquids and gases.
8. The farther you are from the source of a sound, the softer the sound will be.
9. What are the three main  parts of the ear? The three parts of the ear are the hammer, anvil, and stirrup.
10. The outer ear is like a snail shell. It is filled with liquid.
11. Explain how you hear a sound.
    1. The outer ear collects sounds and guides them to the inner ear.
   2. Sounds move the hairs in the inner ear.
    3. The hairs send signals to the brain.
    4. The rain decodes the signals.
    5. You hear the sound.

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Why Do Sounds Differ?
How Does Sound Travel?
E78-89

Objectives:
Find our the differences between loud and soft sounds.
Find out the difference between high and low tones.
Find out how quickly sounds travel.
Find out what happens when yo go faster than sound.
 
 
 The Real Deal PPT
 Quia Activities: Changing Sounds
 Loudness Interactive ppt
 Sound: A First Look Video
 Wonder of Sound Video
 Sound: Good Vibrations Brain Pop
 Hearing: Say What? Brainpop
 Introduction to sound Flipchart
 Sound Links
 Juice Bottle Jingles
 Musical Instruments
 Hands Clapping- Sound waves demo
 Interactive Sound Waves
*

Study Guide:
1. What is loudness?
2. What is pitch?
3. What does the speed of sound measure?
4. What is an echo?
5. What is a sonic boom?
6. How can pitch be changed?
7. Which travels faster, light or sound?
8. does sound travel faster through solids, liquids, or gases?
9. Why is there no sound in outer space?
10. why don't you hear echoes in a forest?
11. The pitch of a stringed instrument can be affected by the length of its _________.
12. If the sound's pitch is high,its source is vibrating ____________.


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How Does Light Behave?
E 96-107

Objectives:
Find out what makes a shadow.
Find out how mirrors work.
Find out how water affects the path of light.

1. Energy is the ability to cause things to change.

2. Light is also a kind of energy. Without light energy, you could not see anything.

3. Changes light energy can cause are: it helps plants make food and grow; it can move cars; it makes things visible; it can power satellites in space.

4. The sun provides energy to Earth.

5. Shadows move and change because of the way light travels.

6. Light travels in a straight line.

7. A sundial is used to tell time.  It is made up of a triangular pointer called a gnomon and a circular dial marking the hours of the day.  As the sun moves across the sky, the shadow of the gnomon moves from left to right and points to the hours of the day.

8. The bouncing of light off an object is called a reflection.

9. You see objects in a mirror because their light is reflected straight back at you.
10. Light bouncing off a smooth surface gives an image you can see. ( Ex: mirror, shiny metal, water) Light does not reflect off of rough surfaces.
11.There are some things light goes through. That's why you can see through air , water, and glass.
12. Light travels at different speeds in air, water, and glass.

13. The bending of light when it moves from one kind of matter to another is called refraction.
(EX. If you place half of a toy in a glass bowl of water so that you can see half of the toy in the water and half above water (in air), the light isn't bending. So the toy will look as if it is broken in two.) (see the illustration on pg.E104)

14. Light travels through air, water, and glass. However, most matter doesn't let light pass through.

15. Stopping light is called absorption.

16. There are three ways an object can interact with light.
        1. opaque - the object reflects or absorbs all light (Ex. wood, door)
        2. translucent - object reflects and absorbs some light (Ex. fogged over window, wax paper)
        3. Transparent - object does not reflect or absorb much light. (Ex. windows and plastic wrap.)

 Light Magic - Story
 Reflection: Mirrors
 Light and Shadows
 The Real Deal: Light
 Introduction to Light Flip chart
Exploring Light and color Brainpop


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Ms. Martinez's Science Webpage
"Howarelightandcolorrelated?"
E110-113

1. Sunlight is made of many different colors, but the sunlight we see is made of white light.
2. A prism is a solid object that bends light.
3. When the white light strikes a prism, each color of the light bends at a slightly different angle which causes the white light passing through to separate as a rainbow.
4. Red light is bent the least and blue light is bent the most.
5. The visible specrum is made up of all the colors of light that people can see.
6. Raindrops act like prisms to form rainbows.
7. The bands of a rainbow always appear in the following order: red, organge, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet
Hint: Roy G. Biv
8.Red and green light = yellow light
  Blue and red light = purple light
9. Most objects absorb most light, but not all of it.  The light that is not absorbed is reflected and is the color you see.
Ex. Green grass absorbs all of the white light except the green part.  The green part reflects back to your eyes, and you see green grass.
 
 
 Light Basics
 How we see things
 What's in a rainbow? Video
 Light and Color video
 Light Brainpop
 Rainbows Brainpop
 Color Brainpop
 Light in color experiments
 about rainbows
 How Rainbows Work




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Ms. Martinez's Science Web Page
E 40-45
How Does Heat Affect Matter?

 Keeping Warm interactive Site
 Friction
United Streaming Titles:
Heat, Temperature, and Energy
Physical Science: Heat
Basics of Physics: Exploring Heat
Brain Pop: Heat: Feelin ' Hot Hot, Hot
                Temperature: Is it hot in here or is it just me?
Power points: http://science.pppst.com/thermo.html
 Heat Flip chart
Science E40-45
“How Does Heat Affect Matter?”

1.  Energy - the ability to cause a change

2.  Kinetic energy - the energy of motion ( throw a ball, roll a cart)

3.  Thermal energy is the total energy of motion of the particles in a piece of matter.  More matter equals more particles. ( Drop of water in a pot requires little thermal energy to boil off.  A whole cup of water would require more energy to boil.
( example of marbles in a clear box. Put on overhead and move it, marbles move but stay in basic shape. When heat is added the marbles move faster.)

4. Temperature - a measure of the average energy of motion of particles of matter. At 50 degrees the particles move more slowly than at 80 degrees.
( a measure of motion)

5. What happens when thermal energy is added to matter?  The particles move faster.

6. If all the particles in a metal spoon start moving faster, how has the spoon’s temperature changed?  ( the temperature rises)

7.  The particles in two pieces of chocolate have the same average energy of motion. One piece has more mass than the other. Which piece is at a higher temperature?  They are the same temperature.

8.  Which has more thermal energy -  a 250 ml container of water at 15 degrees celcius or a 25 ml of water at 25 degrees celcius.  Why? ( 250 ml has more thermal energy because it has more particles.)


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What are cells? A 1-11


 Cells PPT
 Plant/Animal Cell
 Virtual Cell Tour
 Cell Information
 Cells PPTs
The Living Cell Viceo
TLC Elementary School: All About Plants Video
TLC Elementary School:Life Cycles Video
Plant and Animal Cells Flip Chart
Cells Flip Chart
Brainpop cells
 Cell Structures
 Parts of A Cell Picture
 Jello Cell Model
 

1. Nucleus - controls all cell activities.
2. Cell- the basic unit of structure and function of a living thing.
3. Mitochondria break down materials to release energy for the cell.
4. Vacuoles - store things in the cell that the plant needs, such as food and water.
5 Cytoplasm -  a jelly like substance that fills most of the space in a cell.
6. Cell membrane - encloses a cell and gives it shape.  It controls what enters and leaves the cell. (the gatekeeper)
7. Cell wall - a stiff structure that surrounds the cell membrane.  It is found only in plant cells.
8. Chloroplasts- these give plants their green color and are used in making food for the plant.  Chloroplats are only found in plant cells.
9. Microorganisms are living things that are made up of one cell.  They are too small to be seen without a microscope.
10. An amoebais an example of a microorganism.
Know the difference between a plant and animal cell.



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Features of Animals: A12-17
 Features of Animals ppt.
 Many Power points
Animal Classification Flip Chart
Invertebrates Flip Chart

1. A simple animal has many cells but few body parts.
2. A complex animal has many body parts.
3. The simplest animals are sponges.
4. A sponge is an animal with a bag shaped body that lives in water.
5. Worms and sponges are both examples of simple animals.
6. snails are an example of a more complex animal because their body is made up of more parts than a simple animal.
7. Animals can be divided into two groups based on the structures that support their bodies. These groups are: vertebrates and invertebrates.
8. Vertebrates are animals with a backbone.  Birds snakes, bats, and humans are vertebrates.
9. nvertebrates are animals that do not have a backbone.  An outer covering, suc as a shell, usually supports the body of an invertebrate.  This is called an external skeleton.
10. arthropods are the largest group of invertebrates.
11. Arthropods are animals that have legs with severl joints and they do not have a backbone.  Ants spiders, and crabs are arthropods.
12. A bat is the only mammal that flies.
13. A mammal has a backbone, and an internal skeleton. It has fur and gives birth to live young.


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Animal Adaptations
A48-53

 Lesson Power Point

Lesson Activities

1. Tree Map: Describe the different types of beaks and their uses.
2. Bubble Map: compare and contrast the different adaptations of a hawk poar bear, bison, iguana, rabbit, butterfly...
 Animal Needs
 Animal Adaptations Quiz
 Animal Adaptations Power Points
 Animal Adaptations Flip Chart
 Animals Around Us: Adaptations Video

1. Name four body part adaptations that meet the basic needs of animals.
2. Name a body part or behavior that helps an animal meet its needs in their environment.
3. What is an adaptation in which an animal looks very much like another animal?
4. What is an animal's color or pattern that helps it blend in with its surroundings?
5. Name and descrie the three different beaks finches have. What food is eaten by each beak?
6. How does having a thick, heavy beak help a bird eat seeds?
7. What are 5 adaptations that help birds survive?
8. How do strong claws help a hawk meet its need for food?
9. What do penguins use their wings and feet for?
10. What are talons?
11. What are three different kinds of body coverings?
12. Why does the bison shed its heavy winter fur in the summer?
13. Why does having very little hair on their body help the dolphin?
14. What do the hedgehog and the porcupine fish have in common?
15. Why would clear hair make it easier for the light to reach the polar bear's skin?
16. How is the viceroy butterfly a mimic?


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Animal Adaptations: Behaviors

A56-61
Lesson Activities

1. Tree Map: Describe the different types of instincts: animals that hibernate and animals that migrate.
 
  Lesson Power Point
 Hibernation/Migration Power Point
 Hibernation BrainPop
 Migration BrainPop
 Sunken Adaptation PPT Game
     

1. What is a period of deep, long sleep?
2. What is a behavior that animals are born with?
3. What is the movement of a group of animals to one region and back again?
4. What is a behavior (such as migration) that an animal does not have to learn?
5. Animal behaviors are __________ or _______.
6. During hibernation an animal's body temperature, breathing, and heart rate do what?
7. The monarch utterfly flies south for winter due to ____________
8. Three examples of animals that hibernate are ____, ____, and ____.
9. Three examples of animals that migrate are ____, _____, and ____.
10. When turtle eggs hatch, the baby turtles head toward the water because of what?
11. Birds migrate to environments where there is food and a good what?
12. The instinct tot ravel to a particular area at the same time of year every year is due to what?
13. When an animal hibernates, it finds shelter and it does what?
14. Animals migrate so they can meet their needs to do what?


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Plants
Features of Plants with Seeds A 20-23
Life Support for Plants A72-75

 Lesson PPT
 How Plants Grow Video
 Plant ppts.
 Photosynthesis
 The Great Plant Escape

1. A seed is made up of a youn plant inside the seed called an embryo and food.
2.Seeds are found in cones and fruit.
3. cone bearing plants and flowering plants form seeds.
4. The seeds of a pine tree form between the scales of its cones.
5. Flowers are reproductive parts.
6. The male part of the flower forms pllen and the female part forms the eggs.
7. A fruit is the part of a flowering plant that contains and protects the seeds.
8. The four things plants need to survive are air,nutrients, water, and light.
9. Air contains carbon dioxide for plants.
10. Soil provides most plants with needed nutrients; which are substances such as minerals that all living things need to grow.
11. For most plants, water is taken in by the roots; howerver, some plants take in water through their leaves.
12. Carbon dioxide is taken in and oxygen is given off by tiny holes on the underside of leaves.
13. A plant makes its own food by a process that is called photosynthesis.
14. In order for photosynthesis to take place a plant needs light, carbon dioxide, chlorophyll, and water.
15. Examples of a plant adaptation: water lilies capture sunlight through the flat pads that float on the surface to collect water, and a cactus is adapted for dry climates by using its thick stem for water storage.


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The Functions of Plant Parts A 78-81/ A 84-A87

 Lesson PPT
 Plant PPts.
 The Great Plant Escape
 Plant Parts
 Photosynthesis
 Life Cycles
 Understanding Plants Flip chart
 Parts of Seeds, Plants, & Flowers Flip chart
 Plant Parts & Uses Video
 Magic School Bus goes to seed
 Plant Life Cycles Video
  Parts of a Flower ws
  Flower parts ws
  Blank ws
  PlantCrossword
 Parts of a flower practice
 Quia Quiz
 Plant Life Cycle practice
 Seed Dispersal
 Practice Quiz (http://www.quia.com/pop/200729.html )
 Audio Pod Cast of Notes-Click here to listen to the notes being read.
1. Dormancy is a state of lower activity until spring.
2. Transpiration is the giving off of water by plant parts.
3. A taproot is one main root that grows deep into the soil.
4. Fibrous roots have many roots of the same size that grow long but not deep.
5. The two main types ofleaves are needles and broad leaves.
6. Roots help plants survive by taking in water and nutrients and holds plants in soil; some store food made by leaves.
7. Stems support plants and give them shape.
8. Some plants that grow in poor soil have leaf adaptations that let them trap and eat insects.  The insects they catch provide needed nutrients that may be missing in the soil.  Ex. Venus Flytrap
9. Germinates means to sprout.
10. Seeds need air, water, and warmth to begin to grow.
11. The stamen makes pollen, a kind of powder.
12. The top of the pistil collects pollen.
13. Pollination happens when pollen is carried from a stamen to a pistil by wind or animals.
14. The seeds form in a flower in the ovary at the bottom of the pistil.
15. Seeds form when the stamen makes pollen that is collected by the pistil, which forms the seed.
16. Some plants grow from spores instead of seeds which are made of one cell.
17. Spores are spread by wind, water, and animals.
18. Tubers are swollen underground stems that are often dug up to eat.  Ex. potato
19. Grafting is a way to join two or more different plants to make a new plant.


http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/plants/printouts/labelfloweranswers.shtml

Parts of An Ecosystem (B12-17)
Living Things in Ecosystems (B20-25)



 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 Quia Quiz 1
 Quia Quiz 2
 Habitat Fun
 Zebra Online
 Food Chains Fun
 The Food Chain Mystery Video
The Jeff Corwin Experience:Louisiana: Swampy Ecosystem
 Food Chain PPTs
 Habitat PPTs
 Understanding Ecosystems Flip 1
 Understanding ecosystems: climate FC
 Understanding Ecosystems: Adaptations FC
 Understanding Ecosystems: Humans FC
 Brain Pop Ecosystems
 Brain Pop Food Chains
 Ms. M's Food Chains Examples
Part 1 Audio Pod Cast of Notes Part 1 To listen to the podcast and see the notes, open up the podcast and minimize it, then open up the web page again and watch and listen.
1. Groups of living things and the environment they live in make up an ecosystem.
2. A plant or animal must be able to meet its basic needs in order to live in a certain ecosystem.
3. The amount of space, food, and shelter differ in different environents which make the number of things that live there different.
4. Some organims are able to survive in harsh environments because they develop unusual adaptations.
5. A community is made up of all the populations that live in the same area.  The plants and animals that live together depend on one another to survive.
6. Animals need plants for food, sometimes shelter, and to attract other animals that they might eat.
7. Plants depend on animals for survival to carry awayseeds and to add nutrients to the soil.
8. The main nonliving parts of an ecosystem are the sunlight, soil, air, water, and temperature.
9. Some ecosystems include many living things because they have plenty of food, shelter, and space.
10. A row of bean plants in a garden is an example of a population because the plants are a group of the same species.
11. The difference between a population and a community is that a population is made up of one kind of living thing and a community is made up of many different kinds of things.

Part 2  Pod Cast on Notes
12. An environment that meets the needs of an organism is called its habitat.
13. A niche is an animal's role in its habitat.
14. Producers make their own food.
15. Consumers eat other living things for energy.
16. Decomposers feed on the wastes of plants and animals or on their remains after they die.
17. The three levels of every food chain are producers, consumers, and decomposers.
18. An energy pyramid shows how much food energy is passed from one organism to another along a food chain.
19. What would happen if there were more owls than squirrels in an eosystem? The squirrels would disappear completely.  Then there would be no more food for the owls, so they would disappear too.
20. A diagram that shows how these food chains onnect and overlap is called a food web.
21. If too many insect eating birds live in a habitat they may reduce the insect population until there is not enough to eat.
22. An organism can help control the populationof anoter organism by eating it.
23. An examle of a producer is grass.
24. An example of a consumer is a bear.
25. An example of a decomposer is bacteria.


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Layers of the Earth
Text pg.C4-C11


 Make a Model
 Diagram of Layers
 Layers Interactive
 Layers Video-Demo
*Geologist's Notebook: Digging Through Earth- united streaming
 Power Points
 More Power Points
 Earth's Layers Flip Chart
 Layers of the Earth Flip chart
 Inside the Earth Flip Chart
Website Activity: Layers
 Trace Fossil Mystery
 How Old is that Rock?
Geologist's Notebook: Digging through Earth video
Fossil Life: An Introduction   video

New Notes
Lesson Power Point

1.  There are bodies of water found on Earth.  They include:  oceans, lakes, rivers, and streams.
2.  Oceans are vast bodies of salt water that covers almost three fourths of the earth's surface.
3.  A lake is a large inland body of fresh or salt water.
4.  A river is a large natural stream of water emptying into an ocean, lake, or other body of water.
5.  A stream is a steady flow of water; a small river.
6.  The Earth is made up of three layers:  crust, mantle, and core
7.  The crust is the layer of Earth we walk on.  It is the thinnest layer.  The crust features include mountains, valleys, plains, plateaus, and the ocean floor.
8.  The mantle(middle layer) is the thickest layer of the planet.  Most of the mantle is solid rock.  Some of the mantle is partly melted rock that flows like thick liquid.
9.  Deep inside Earth is the core.  The core is a dense ball made mostly of two metals, iron and nickel.
10.  Earth is made up of materials such as rocks, minerals, and soil.
11. Rocks are made of minerals.
12. Soil consists of rock and mineral particles mixed with organic matter.
13. Minerals undergo a hardness test to see how easily they scratch. 
14.  A fossil is the preserved remains of a plant, animal or other organism that lived on Earth long ago.
15.  Most fossils form when an organism dies and is quickly buried by sediments.  Eventually the sediments harden to form rocks.  As time goes by, sediments form layers.
16.  Sometimes the oldest rocks are not always at the bottom of the “stack.”  Sometimes movement in Earth’s crust can twist or turn over stacks of layers so the oldest rocks might not be at the bottom. 
17.  A trace fossil is the preserved remains of the activity of an animal that lived long ago.  Tracks, burrows, droppings, and worm holes are all trace fossils.
18.  Fossils tell what the Earth was like long ago.
19.  Fossils tell what animals looked like long ago.  Scientists study fossils and compare them to living things now. 
20.  Fossils tell how an animal moved.  Fossil footprints can show how an animal walked.  Example:  A T-Rex has four legs.  The front legs were much shorter, so the animal probably walked on only two legs.

Old Notes
 Pod Cast of Notes
 Ms. M's Quia Note Practice

1. Crust- the earth's outermost layer. It includes the rockof the ocean floor and large areas of land.
2. Mantle - the thickest layer of Earth. It's found just below the crust.
3. Core- the dense center of earth. It is a ball made mostlyof two metals, iron and nickel.
4. Plate- a continent sized slab of Earth's crust and upper mantle.
5. The three main layers of the Earth are: crust,mantle, core.
6. What is the outermost layer of Earth? the crust
7. What is Earth's middle layer called? Earth's middle layer is called the mantle.
8. What is the mantle made of? It is made of partly melted rock that flows like a thick liquid.
9. Where is the Earth's core? Earth's core is at the center of the planet.
10. What is the earth's core made of? The core is a dense ball of metal.
11. Which of Earth's layers is the hottest? The core or inner layer is the hottest.
12.How fast do Earth's plates move? They move a few centimeters each year.
13. What usually happens when plates move apart? New crust forms when plates move apart.
14. How did the island country of Iceland form? The island is the top of an underwater mountain that formed as ocean plates moved apart.
15.What usually happens when plates come together? Mountains or volcanoes form.
16. What often happens as plates slide past each other?  The rocks along the crack between the plates stick and then move suddenly.
17. How does this affect earth's surface? Earthquakes can occur . The San Andreas fault runs through many miles of desert and mountains in southern California.  The frequent earthquakes in souther California re caused by quick, large movements of the two pieces of Earth's crust that form the fault.


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Earthquakes and Volcanoes
C14 - C25


 Lesson PPT
 Earhquake PPT
 Volcano ppt
 United Streaming: Magic School Bus Blows Its Top
 Mountains, Volcanoes, and Earthquakes Flip chart
 Earthquakes Brain Pop

1. Earthquake - a vibration, or shaking, of Earth's crust
2. Fault - a break in the crust along which rocks move
3. focus - the point underground where the movement first took place.
4. Epicenter - the point on the surface that is right above the focus.
5. Seismograph- an instrument that records earthquake waves.
6. Why do earthquakes occur? They occur because there is a build up and then a sudden release of energy in rocks.
7. Where do most earthquakes occur? Most earthquakes occur along fault lines.
8. The San Andreas Fault is the fault in California along which dozens of major earthquakes occur.
9. A volcano is a mountain that forms when red hot melted rock flows through acrack onto the earth's surface.
10. Magma is melted rock inside the earth.
11. Lava is melted rock that reaches Earth's surface.
12. Vent - the magma flows onto the surface through a rock opening called a vent to form volcanic mountains.
13. Magma chamber - an underground pool that holds hot magma
14. crater - a large basin formed at the top of a volcano when the top falls in on itself.
15. What are the three ways volcanoes form?  They form when two plates collide, when two plates separate, and when plates move over hots spots in the mantle.


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Earth's Atmosphere
D6-9

 Lesson PPT
 What is Weather? bbc
 Magic School Bus Weather games
 Weather Maps flip chart
 Elementary Video Adventures: Weather and Climate
 Weather PPTS

1. What is the layer of air that surrounds the planet?
2. What is all the particles of air pressing on the Earth's surface?
3. What is the layer of the atmosphere closest to the Earth?
4. What is the second layer of the Earth's atmosphere?
5. The atmosphere formedmillions of years ago as gas from _________ collected around the planet.
6. The atmosphere is made up of billions of ______ particles.
7. Almost all weather happens in the __________________.
8. Planets use carbon dioxide during the process of ______________.
9. Water vapor condenses to form _________________.
10. Air pressure changes as you go _____________ in the atmosphere.
11. Earth's atmosphere is divided into _________________ layers.
12. The _____________ protects living things from harmful rays of the sun.
13. The _____________ is the coldest layer of Earth's atmosphere.
14. In the ___________ air temperature increases quickly with height.
15. The atmosphere looks like a _____________ that surrounds the Earth.
16. Water vapor and carbon dioxide absorb ____________ energy.
17. Air over bodies of water usually contains __________ water vapor than air over land.
18. Eachof the Earth's layers blends into the next and the thermosphere fades into _____________.


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Air and Weather
D10-17

Lesson PPT
  Web Weather For Kids
 Web Weather - Clouds
Weather Maps 
Promethean Board 
Weather and Climate: United Streaming 

1. An ________ has the same general properties as the area over which it forms.
2. An air mass is a huge body of air which all has the same _________ and moisture.
3. Moist air masses form over ___________________.
4. an air mass that forms over the ____________ of __________ would most likely be warm and moist.
5. The _________ is when the earth's atmosphere traps heat near the Earth's surface.
6. A _______ is the border where two air masses meet and where weather happens.
7. The ________ is the border where two air masses meet and where weather happens.
8. a _______ forms when a warm air mass catches up to a cold air mass.  The warm air mass is moving faster.
9. A ________ forms when a cold air mass catches up to a warm air mass. The cold air mass is moving faster.
10. ________ are very wispy white clouds. They form at high altitudes.  They usually have ice crystals.
11. ___________ are towering, white gray clouds. They usually mean it will rain soon.
12. __________ are puffy, cotton ball clouds. We se them on clear, warm days.
13. __________ form a low layer of day gray. They occur along warm fronts. sometiems they bring rain or light showers.
14. How does wind speed change as a weather front moves into an area?
15. What happens to air pressure as a front moves into an area?
16. Does air temperature increase or decrease as a cold front moves int an area?
17. A line with half circles on a weather map is a symbol for a warm front. The circles point in the direction the front is moving.
18. A line with triangles is the symbol for a cold front. The air is colder BEHIND the cold front.


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How is Weather Predicted?
D18-23

Lesson PPT
  Magic School Bus games/weather
Weather Maps 
Promethean Board
 Weather and Climate: United Streaming 

1. Define meteorologist.
2. Define thermometer.
3. Define barometer.
4. Define anemometer.
5. Define weather vane.
6. Define hygrometer.
7. Define humidity.
8. Land heats faster than bodies of ______ . So the air above land is usually _____.
9. What two things affect humidity?
10. Why do scientists record weather information?
11. Small vertical dashes on a weather map stand for what?
12. Rain falls from clouds when __________________.


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The Skeletal System
A98-101

 Lesson PPT
 Labeled Skeleton
 Thinkquest Bones Unit
 Ben & Jerry's Small Skeleton
  Label the skeleton!
  Human body PPTs
 Skeleton Brain Pop
 Joint Brain Pop
 Bones & Muscles Video
 Active Board Tree Map
 Active Board Bubble Map
 Active Board Double Bubble
 Body Systems Web Page
 Kids Human Body PPt
 Movement - Primary Resources Links
 Skeleton pdf
 Skeleton Measurements pdf
  Moving Skeleton

 

How Do the Skeletal & Muscular Systems Work
Study Guide pg. A96-101

1. A group of the same kind of cells form _____________.

2. You skeleton helps ____________ your body’s organs.

3. Involuntary muscles (striated muscles) in your body are muscles that ________________________

4. All the bones in your body form ________________________.

5. You have ___________________ (how many) cells in your body?

6. Different organs working together form what? __________________

7. Breathing, your heart beating, and blinking your eyes are all examples of what? ___________________

8. Your elbow is an example of a __________________.

9. Your skeleton is important to how you ________________.

10. The muscles you can control are called _________________.

11. Name two main parts of the skeletal system.

12 What is another name for cardiac muscle? ______________________________________________________

Cells make - Tissues
(Bone cells make bone tissue/ muscle cells make muscle tissue)
Tissues make - Organs
(Bone tissue and other tissues for organs called bones.)
Organs make - Systems
Systems
Tissues
Organs
Cells

There are three types of muscles.
All these muscles move parts of your body. They do this by becoming shorter and then by getting longer.
Cardiac Muscle Tissue
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
Skeletal muscles move your head, arms, legs,fingers, and toes. Skeletal muscles can't push. They can only pull. so muscles must work in pairs to move bones back and forth.
Skeletal muscles have light and dark stripes.
These are voluntary muscles. You control them by thinking.
 
The skeleton gives your body its shape.
The bones help you move and protect the organs inside of you.
There are several types of joints.


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The Respiratory and Circulatory Systems
A 104-107


Lesson Power Point
 List of Human Body PPTS
 Breath of Life: Inside Story of Respiration Video
 The inside story of the heart and blood video

Science Notes
Lesson 2:  How do Respiratory and Circulatory Systems Work?
(p A 104-107)

1.  Lungs are the organs of the respiratory system.

2.  Capillaries are tiny blood vessels that allow nutrients to pass from blood to cells.

3.  Heart - a muscle that pumps blood to all parts of the body.

4.  Arteries - carry blood away from the heart.

5.  Veins - return blood to the heart.

6.  The diaphragm is a muscle that contracts to allow the lungs to expand.

7.  A child’s heart is about the size of a fist.

8.  Each side of the heart has an atrium and a ventricle.

9.  Breathing involves two main actions: inhaling which pulls air into the lungs and exhaling which pushes air out of the lungs.

10.  When you breathe you inhale a gas called oxygen.

11. When you exhale you breathe out a gas called carbon dioxide.

12.  The circulatory system carries blood to and from body cells.

13.  The respiratory system provides oxygen to the body.


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