Ms. Martinez's Social Studies Page




Week 1
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Week 3 
Week 4 
Week 5 

Economics 1 Online Test




The Civil War

United Streaming: Gettysburg: The Battle That Changed america Civil War Causes of the Civil War Life and Times of Abraham Lincoln Civil War Info Sheet  

oAfter the American Revolution

After the American Revolution, our founding fathers got together to write:

oThe Constitution - created on September 17, 1787. It defines the three major branches of our government and how it should rule. The Constitution is also a symbol of the culture and freedom that we have in the United States.

oThe Bill of Rights is a part of the Constitution and plays an important part in how our government is run and how laws are made.

What did this lead to?

oMass immigration – because of the natural resources and religious freedoms in the United States, mass immigration occurred.  The people thought they could build a better life here. 

oWestward Expansion - Starting in the 1800s, hundreds of thousands of Americans decided to move away from the original 13 colonies and move west. Not like today where there are airplanes and roads, the road to the West was hard. Even once the pioneers arrived in their new homes, life in the wild west was difficult.


oThe Gold Rush – On January 24, 1848; James Marshall discovered GOLD at Sutter’s Mill in California. News of the discovery soon spread, resulting in some 300,000 men, women, and children coming to California from the rest of the United States and abroad. The early gold-seekers, called "forty-niners," traveled to California by sail boat and in covered wagons across the continent.
oNew methods of transportation developed as steamships came into regular service and railroads were built. The business of agriculture was started on a wide scale throughout the state. However, the Gold Rush also had negative effects: Native Americans were attacked and pushed off traditional lands, and gold mining caused environmental harm.

Now…it’s time for the Civil War!

oThe Civil War lasted from 1861 until 1865. The southern states wanted to have their own nation and be able to decide what laws to have. The north did not want the country to be broken apart.
oThe southern states seceded (LEFT) from the union after Lincoln was elected. They formed their own nation, The Confederate States of America


The Confederate States of America

oSome southern states decided they had no choice. They decided to secede, or leave, the United States. South Carolina was the first to leave the Union and form a new nation called the Confederate States of America. Four months later, six other states seceded. They were Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Texas and Louisiana. Later Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee joined them. The people of these states elected Jefferson Davis as president of the Confederacy.


The Union

oThe northern states were called the Union. President Lincoln said he would fight to keep the southern states as part of the United States. There were Union forts on Confederate land. The Confederates wanted Union soldiers to leave these forts. In Charleston, South Carolina there was a Union fort called Fort Sumter. The Union soldiers refused to leave this fort, so the Confederates fired cannons at the fort on April 12, l861. This was the beginning of the Civil War.


oThe war was long and bloody. Over 600,000 men on both sides died. Over 1,100,000 were injured. The south was devastated. General Lee surrendered to General Grant on April 9, 1865 at Appomattox Court House in Virginia. The war was over.


The Emancipation Proclamation

oLincoln wrote the Emancipation Proclamation in secret. To emancipate means to set free. A proclamation is an order to do something. The Emancipation Proclamation freed the slaves in all the states that had left the Union.
oSo on New Year's Day in 1863, President Lincoln put his Emancipation Proclamation to work. He declared the slaves in all Confederate areas to be "forever free."

Leaders of the Civil War

oAbraham Lincoln
oBorn in a log cabin near Hodgenville, Kentucky, on February 12, 1809.
oWhen he was president he was also the Commander-in-Chief of the Union Army, which is the highest-ranking military officer.
o In 1863 he issued the Emancipation Proclamation which declared that all slaves in the Confederate States would be free. This helped end slavery in the United States.
oThe same year he gave a great speech called the Gettysburg Address at a cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. He wanted to honor all the soldiers who had lost their lives in the war.
oPresident Lincoln was assassinated on April 14, 1865 by John Wilkes Booth at a theater in Washington DC. This was only five days after the South surrendered to end the Civil War.


Jefferson Davis

oJefferson Davis was the President of the Confederate States of America. He was also Commander - in - Chief of the Confederate Army.
oJefferson Davis was born in the South and grew up on a cotton plantation.


oUlysses S. Grant
o the leader of the Union Army.
oGrant was trained at the Military Academy at West Point, New York.
oGeneral Robert E. Lee, The leader of the Confederate Army had to surrender to General Grant in 1865.
oLater General Grant became president of the United States twice.


Robert E. Lee
Confederate General

othe South's greatest general during the Civil War.
oGeneral Lee wanted to fight for the South and remain loyal to his home state.
oLee felt he had to surrender to the North to stop so many of his soldiers from being killed.






The Louisiana Purchase


The Louisiana Purchase
Study Guide

I. What was it?
A. The Louisiana Purchase was the purchase of _____by the ____________
   from _________ in 1803.
II. What was included?

  1. The Purchase contained what now equates to portions of _________in the US and_________________.
  2. The land that was purchased in the Louisiana Purchase now makes up about ______of the territory of the United States.

III. What did the French want?

  1. The French’s ________situation was in a wreck and _________    ___________realized that opportunity was fading in the New World.

B. His attempts at maintaining the territories in the Caribbean were _______ and he wanted a presence in the West for the lucrative sugar trade.

    • After his failed attempts at maintaining order there, he decided that keeping all the territory in North America simply wasn’t worth the ________.

    IV. What did the US want?

    1. The U.S. understood the _________of the port of New Orleans and had already made previous negotiations to use the port and not be harassed there.
    2. The desire of the U.S. was to _________the port outright so that they could control this very important marketplace.
    3.  The U.S. went to Paris to negotiate the purchase of the port of New Orleans but was ___________the first time.

    V. The President at the time:
    A.  As President of the United States, ________________faced much opposition to the purchase of the land. 
    B. Many said that it was __________and ____________the authority of the states in the government.

    C. Jefferson was exploring new bounds of________________. He didn’t want ________ and __________to have the ability to ________American trade across the port of New Orleans.

    VI. Napoleon recognized it was an important move:
    A. While ______________didn’t want to just give away his conquered territories, the rivalry between _______________was still very strong.
    B. Bonaparte saw selling the land to the U.S. as an opportunity to block the_______________________.

    VII. Negotiations:
    A. The negotiation took place in Paris in _______ by James Monroe and Robert Livingston
    B. They only wanted the _______at the time and didn’t imagine how much land they would really end up getting.

    VIII. How Much….Price?

    1. The U.S. negotiators were prepared to spend _________on the port of New Orleans.
    2. They were pleasantly surprised when the entire region was offered to them for only____________.
    3. The price of the land included in the purchase was less than _________per acre.

      IX. Financing:

      • The American government made a down payment on the land in _____ totaling $3 million.
      • The rest was financed in ______ by some of the most important banks in Europe at the time.








American Symbols


American Symbols – Study Guide
The American Flag

  • On June 14, 1777, the Continental Congress passed the first flag act , which said that the flag would be made up of thirteen alternating red and white stripes and thirteen white stars on a blue field.
  • Stars have been added to the flag as new states join the union. Currently, the flag contains 50 stars.
  • White: signifies purity and innocense
  • Red: signifies valor and bravery
  • Blue: signifies vigilance, perseverence and justtice
  • Stars are considered a symbol of the heavens and the divine goal to which man has aspired from time immemorial
  •  The stripe is symbolic of the rays of light emanating from the sun.

The Bald Eagle

  • The word “bald” means marked with white _.
  • The bald eagle was chosen as the U.S. national symbol because it symbolized strength, courage, freedom and immortality.

The Great Seal of the United States

  • On_July 4, 1776 _, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and Thomas Jefferson were given the task of creating a seal for the United States of America
  • In the center of the seal is a bald eagle , our national bird.
  • It holds in its beak a scroll inscribed E pluribus unum, which is Latin meaning "out of many, one" and stands for one nation that was created from 13 colonies .
  • In one claw is an olive brance , while the other holds a bundle of thirteen arrows . The olive branch and arrows "denote the power of peace and war _."
  • A shield with thirteen red and white stripes covers the eagle's breast.
  • The reverse side of the seal is referred to as the “spiritual side ”.

The Liberty Bell

  • The Liberty Bell rang when the Continental Congress signed the Declaration of Independence and has become the symbol of freedom in the United States. The bell weighs about 2000 pounds and is made mostly of copper(70%) and tin(25%).
  •  The bell cracked soon after it arrived in Philadelphia. Local craftsmen John Pass and John Stow cast a new bell in 1753, using metal from the English bell.
  • By 1846 a thin crack began to affect the sound of the bell. The bell was repaired in 1846 and rang for a George Washington’s birthday celebration, but the bell cracked again and has not been rung since.
  • No one knows why the bell cracked either time.

The National Floral Emblem: The Rose

  • The rose became the official flower of the United States in 1986.
  • The rose is a symbol of love, beauty, war, and politics throughout the world.
  • The flowers are generally red, pink, white, or yellow and grow naturally throughout North America .

Uncle Sam:

    Uncle Sam , a figure symbolizing the United States , is portrayed as a tall, white-haired man with a goatee. He is often dressed in red, white, and blue, and wears a top hat.
    • The exact origins of Uncle Sam as a symbol for the United States are unknown. But the most widely accepted theory is that Uncle Sam was named afterSamuel Wilson .
    • Samuel Wilson was a businessman from Troy, NY that supplied the U.S. Army with beef in barrels . The barrels were labeled "US." When asked what the initials stood for, one of Wilson's workers said it stood for Uncle Sam Wilson .
    • The suggestion that the meat shipments came from "Uncle Sam" led to the idea that Uncle Sam symbolized the Federal Government and association stuck.

Lesson Plan Lesson PPT Fan and Pick Flip chart Time Line

1. Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer and began his voyage in 1492.

2. Christopher Columbus hoped to find a route to India in order to trade for spices.

3. Christopher Columbus made a total of four trips to the Caribbean and South America.

4. Columbus explored with three ships. They were the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria.


5. Juan Ponce de Leon was a Spanish explorer and soldier and began his voyage in 1513.

6. Ponce de Leon was the first European to set foot in Florida.

7. Ponce de Leon discovered the Gulf Stream which is a current in the Atlantic Ocean.

8. On his voyage, Ponce de Leon was searching for the Fountain of Youth and other riches.


9. Hernando de Soto was a Spanish explorer who began his journey in 1531.

10. DeSoto sailed the Atlantic Ocean.

11. DeSoto spent four years in Florida searching for gold and silver.

12. DeSoto died during his exploration and is buried on the banks of the Mississippi River.


13. John Smith was an English adventurer and soldier and began his journey in 1606.

14. John Smith began in England and landed in Virginia.

15. John Smith founded Jamestown, Virginia.

16. Jamestown was the first permanent English settlement in North America.


17. Robert LaSalle was a French explorer that set sail in 1678.

18. Robert LaSalle traveled south from Canada and sailed down the Mississippi River to the Gulf of Mexico.

19. Robert LaSalle named the entire Mississippi basin, Louisiana.

20. LaSalle also explored 4 Great Lakes.


21. Pierre Francois Xavier de Charlevoix was a French Jesuit priest, explorer, teacher, and writer. He began his voyage in 1719.

22. Xavier de Charlevoix was sent from France to explore Canada, to look for a route to the Pacific Ocean.

23. Xavier de Charlevoix survived a shipwreck in the Gulf of Mexico.


24. Lewis and Clark started their adventure in 1804.

25. Lewis and Clark wanted to explore and map out the American west.

26. Lewis and Clark traveled by river and land from St. Louis, Missouri to the Oregon coast and back.

27. Sacajawea joined Lewis and Clark on their journey.

28. Sacajawea's extensive contributions to the expedition brought about the Sacajawea dollar coin to the U.S. in 2000.


29. Zebulon Pike was an American explorer and military officer and began his journey in 1805.

30. Zebulon Pike tried to find the source of the Mississippi River and also explored the Rocky Mountains and Southwestern North America.

31. Zebulon Pike discovered Pike's Peake in colorado, but he failed to climb it.



Week 1

 Maps and Globes flp  Continents Brain Pop Map Practice worksheets...lessons

Study Guide

1. The following land masses are in order from largest to smallest: -continent (North America), 

-country (United States), 

-state (Louisiana), 

-parish (St. Tammany). 

2. City - a very large important town.

3. Parish or county - A division or part of a state with its own local government. It includes several cities. 

4. State or province - a political unit that is part of a country.

5. Country - a part of the world with its own borders and government.

6. Continent - one of the seven large divisions of land on the Earth.

7. How can volcanoes destroy the earth?

     1. They destroy vegetation with flowing lava and ash      

     2.  All things die under lava so there is less area to grow plants.

     3. Lava turns into rock creating new land and other rocks.

8. Hurricanes affect land by:

     1. eroding the land (loss of land)

     2. strong winds destroy plants and vegetation; 
     3. Too much water can cause soil to be useless for growing crops.

9. How can tornadoes affect land? 

    1. Strong winds cause damage to trees and other plants; 
    2. The area has less people because homes are destroyed.


Part 2 o f the lesson Map symbols

Lesson Power point from above. World Map; U.S. Map

Continent Flash cards

Continent Color sheet

1. Hand out the United States map and have th kids color the U.S. "Yellow" and label the Oceans on either side of the country. Then have them color the state of Louisiana "Blue."
2. Ask the kids questions referring to the relationship of the different land forms and areas, ex. is LA larger or smaller than the U.S. ?
3. Have students identify why being close to the Missisissippi River would be a benefit to the land. ( Answers: water can help plants, crops; more fish for larger animals to eat...)
1. TLW use their maps to identify the correct placing of mountains and gulf. ( Appalachian and Rocky Mountains, also Gulf of Mexico)
2. TTW use the elmo to display map and place compass rose on the map.
Display the folowing questions:
1. What ocean is to the west of Louisiana?
2. What ocean is to the east of Louisiana?
3. The Gulf of Mexico is in which direction from Louisiana?
Which state is north of Louisiana?
Which state is south of Louisiana (trick question)

1. symbols - pictures that represent something.
2. Key or legend - an area on the map that shows us what each symbol represents.
3. scale - the section of the map that shows how much smaller the map is compared to the real world area it represents.
4. directions - tell which way to go. (north, south, east, west) (intermediate : ne, se, nw, sw)
5. compass rose - a symbol on a map which indicates the directions for a map.
6. cardinal directions: North, southe, east, west
7. equator: a zero degree line of latitude that separates the Northern hemispehere from the Southern hemisphere.
8. Prime Meridian - the zero degree of longitude that separates the eastern and western hemispheres.
9. globe - a model of the earth
10. map - a flat display of land.
H. Study map with continents and make vocabulary flashcards.

Week 2

1. Study the continent flashcards and be able to spell them.

2. Physical Map - a map showing identifiable landmarks such as mountains, rivers, lakes, oceans, and other permanent geographic features.

3. Political Map - a map showing the governmental boundaries of countries, states, and counties, the location of major cities. They also usually include important bodies of water.

4. Topographical Map - a map that shows the elevation of the land.

5. Population map - a map that shows the population of an area.

6. Population - the amount of people in a place.

7. Longitude lines- Lines that run North and South on a globe or map. These lines form the Eastern and Western Hemispheres.

8. Longitude ines are also called Meridians.

9. Latitude lines - are lines that run east to west on a map or globe. These lines divide the world into the Northern and Southern hemispheres.

10. Latitude lines are also called parallels.



Week 3

1. The Cardinal Directions are North, South, East , West

2. The Intermediate directions are: Northeast, Southeast, Northwest, Southwest

3. Intermediate directions provide a more accurate description of where to go.

4.Starting in Europe, you would go southwest to get to South America.

5. Starting at Australia, you would have to go Northwest to get to North America.


Week 4
Lesson Flip chart Brainpop Jr.
  1. A natural feature on Earth’s surface, such as a mountain or a river is called a ________________________.
  2. __________________________ is an area in which places share similar characteristics.  Places within a region may share certain landforms

3. A very high landform often with steep sides is a __________________________________

4. A ____________________________ is a large area of mostly flat land that is often covered with grass.

5. A _______________________________  is an area that gets very little rain. 

6. __________________________________ is deep valley with steep rocky walls.

7. A large, flat, raised area of land is a ______________________________________.

8. A line or natural feature that divides one area fro another or one state from another is  a ________________­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­____________

9. There are ________ regions in the United States. They are _________________________, ______________________________, ________________________ , ____________________, and __________________________.

10. Where is the best place to live? ___________________________________________________________________________




Week 5 Weather and climate

Week 5

  1. Weather is the condition of the air at a certain time and a certain place.
  2. The weather of a place averaged over a long period of time is the climate.
  3. Two major factors of weather & climate are:  precipitation, temperature.
  4. Water that falls is called precipitation in the form of rain or snow.
  5. Moisture in the air is humidity.
  6. Three quarters of earth’s surface is covered by water.
  7. The most important factor in determining the climate of a place is its location.
  8. Three factors that affect weather are:  elevation, distance from the equator, distance from a large body of water.
  9. Elevation is how high a place is above sea level.
  10. The four types of climates in the United States are tropical, temperate, subarctic, and polar.
  11. Tropical climates are usually very warm and are nearest the equator.
  12. Subarctic climates are closer to the North Pole and are in the mountains.
  13. Temperate climates are between tropical and subarctic and near an ocean.
  14. The coldest climate is polar and is further from the equator.



Ms. M.'s Social Studies Test Prep Lessons
Google Maps
Google Earth
Map Skills Lesson Links
Ben's Guide to Government
Louisiana Map WS
Louisiana Facts - Government
Louisiana Facts Coloring Book
Louisiana Web Quest
U.S. Map Games
Map Practice WS
Regions of The US Practice Pages
Geography Games
Resources for Regions
Map and Globe Skils Test
Maps That Teach
Reference Web Resources
Current News Sites
Virual Map Scale Practice
Map Scale 2
Congress for Kids
World Atlas
Geo Net Game
State and Capital Quiz Game
Ed World's Mystery State
I Know That Practice
Washington D.C. PPT
Landforms Images and Definitions
Types of Landforms-short
Quia Landforms
Harcourt Landforms
U.S. Map Practice

Latitude, Longitude
Regional Resources
Branches of Government
Ch 3 Lesson 1 pg
Ch. 3 Lesson 2 pg 72-79
Transportation & Communication p 80-85
The Beautiful Northeast: pg. 104-109
The Beautiful Northeast pg. 112-115
The Beautiful Northeast: pg. 116-121
Northeast States and Capitals
Ms. M's SS Test Prep
Presidential Elections
Southeast States 
pg. 166-171
Ch. 6 Lesson 2 Pg. 174-177
Ch 6 lesson 3 - Wild life and Resources
Pgs. 179-183
Elections 1 
The Midwest Lesson 1 pg. 226-241
Midwest Lesson 2 pg. 242-249
Map Skills PPT
Forms of Government 
Branches of Government
Elections 2 Issues
Economics 1
Economics 2
Innauguration 2009
The Northeast 2
The Southeast

 Back To Top

The Southeast

  Study Guide
  Southeast States & Capitals Flash Cards
  Lesson PPT
 Southeast States & Landforms Video


Name:_____________________________ Date:______________ #:_________
Social Studies Study Guide   The Southeast

1. ______________________- Islands that were formed thousands of years ago as more and more sediment was deposited by ocean waves, currents, and rivers.
2. Inland from the shore is an area known as the _____________________________________________.  This area is very flat and has very low elevation.
3. ______________________- lands that are at times covered with water. 
4. Farther inland is the ___________________________________________.  The elevation here is slightly higher than the Outer Coastal Plain.
5. ______________________- means “foot of the mountain”.
6. ______________________- marks the boundary between the Piedmont and the coastal plains.
7. One area in and around the Appalachian Mountains is know as _______________________.  This area is known for its rich natural resources, such as coal, and its dense forests.
8. ______________________- shows you how high the land is.
9. ______________________- an island off the southern coast of Florida, one of the chain of islands called the _____________________________.
10. ______________________- a low island.
11. Mild, _________________ weather attracts many tourists to __________________ in the winter.
12. ______________________-a violent storm that forms over the ocean.
13. ______________________-the time of year from June to November when hurricanes mainly occur.
14. ______________________-a kind of animal or plant that is thought to be in danger of becoming extinct.
15. ______________________- no longer existing.
16. ______________________-a combination of ground-up wood chips, water, and chemicals.
17. ______________________-a fuel that is formed in the earth from the remains of plants or animals.
18. Some animals that can be found in the Southeast are:  ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
19. Some crops that can be found in the Southeast are:  ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Identify the states and capitals of the Southeast: 


Identify the states and capitals of the Southeast: 

Name:__________________________________ Date:______________ #:__________
Reading and Responding   Chapter 6:  The Southeast

Lesson 1:
Pg. 167
1.  Describe how the barrier islands were formed.
2.  What kinds of wetlands are found in the Outer Coastal Plain of the Southeast?
3.  Which has a higher elevation, the Outer or Inner Coastal Plain?

Pg. 169
4.  What kinds of natural resources would you find in the Appalachia?

Lesson 2:
Pg. 173
1.  Why might tourists want to visit Southern Florida during the winter?
2.  Which state in the Southeast has the coldest average temperature in January?

Pg. 174
3. How does a hurricane cause destruction?

Pg. 175
4.  What purpose did lighthouses originally serve?
5.  In what two ways did lighthouses provide information to sailors?
6.  What purpose do many lighthouses serve today?

7.  Why might a forecast of “high seas” be important to a fisherman?
8.  Does a hurricane usually increase or decrease coastal erosion?
9.  What can cause a sudden and dramatic rise in sea level when a hurricane reaches land?
10.  How can huge breakers called “dumpers” contribute to the erosion of shore?

Lesson 3:
Pg. 179
1.  How did the alligator become an endangered species?  How did the species make a comeback?
2.  About how many different kinds of birds and other animals live in the Everglades National Park?

Pg. 180
3.  What vegetable is grown more than any other crop in the Southeast?
4.  The Southeast leads the nation in production of some crops.  What are two of these crops?

Pg. 181
5.  In which two states are most of the Southeast region’s peaches grown?
6.  In which states are most of the region’s peanuts grown?
7.  According to the map, what agricultural product do Louisiana and Florida have in common?

Pg. 182
8.  Name two goods that are made from trees.
9.  How can the logging industry help preserve forests while still harvesting trees?

The Northeast 2

Lesson PPT
Study Guide
 Word Find
 American Revolution Brain Pop
 Declaration of Independence Brain Pop

1. Colony is a settlement of people who come from one country to live in another.

2. Revolution is a fight to overthrow the government.

3. One of the first English colonies in North America began at Plymouth Massachusetts.

4. The first shots of the American Revolution were fired at Lexington, a town near Boston.
5. John Adams  and Benjamin Franklin  provided strong leadership and important roles in writing the Declaration of Independence. 

6. Before Washington D.C. was built, our first two capitals were in the Northeast. New York, New York was the capital where George Washington took oath. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania was the second capital city.

7. A time line shows important events that happened over a period of time.

8. An Abolitionist was a reformer who believed that slavery should be erased, or abolished from the land.

9. A slave is a person who is owned as property by another person.

10.  Frederick Douglas  and Sojourner Truth addressed abolitionist meetings to tell about their lives.

11. TheThirteenth Amendment to the Constitution made slavery illegal in the United States.

12. Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott organized the first women’s rights convention in the U.S.

13. A convention is a meeting held for a special purpose.

14. The Nineteenth Amendment  to the Constitution gave women the right to vote.

15. Commerce is the buying and selling of goods, especially in large amounts between different places.

16. The three largest cities New York, New York, Boston, Massachusetts, and Philadelphia, Pennsylavania began as ports where ocean-going ships docked.

17.  Import  is an item that is brought from abroad (into a country)to be offered for sale.

18. An Export is an item sent from one country to be sold in another country. 
 (It exits the country.)

Name:__________________________________ Chapter 5  Reading and Responding
Lesson 2:
Pg. 131
1.  How many of the original thirteen colonies were located in the Northeast?
2.  Why did the colonists decide to break ties with England?

Pg. 132
3.  For what reasons did immigrants come to the United States?
4.  What is one way immigration has benefitted the United States?

Lesson 3:
Pg. 137
1.  How did the movement against slavery grow in the Northeast?
2.  What was the purpose of the Thirteenth Amendment?

Lesson 4:
Pg. 143
1. How do imports differ from exports?
2.  Name two factors that helped cities of the Northeast develop into major centers of industry.

Pg. 144
3.   If you were to travel along the Freedom Trail, what historic sites might you see?
4.  How do you think the residents of these cities feel about their local landmarks?

Pg. 145
5.  What are three important ingredients for making steel?
6.  What types of industries are found in Pittsburgh today?

Pg. 146
7.  What are the benefits of a healthy economy to an area?

Name:__________________________________ Chapter 5  Reading and Responding
Lesson 2:
Pg. 131
1.  How many of the original thirteen colonies were located in the Northeast?
2.  Why did the colonists decide to break ties with England?

Pg. 132
3.  For what reasons did immigrants come to the United States?
4.  What is one way immigration has benefitted the United States?

Lesson 3:
Pg. 137
1.  How did the movement against slavery grow in the Northeast?
2.  What was the purpose of the Thirteenth Amendment?

Lesson 4:
Pg. 143
1. How do imports differ from exports?
2.  Name two factors that helped cities of the Northeast develop into major centers of industry.

Pg. 144
3.   If you were to travel along the Freedom Trail, what historic sites might you see?
4.  How do you think the residents of these cities feel about their local landmarks?

Pg. 145
5.  What are three important ingredients for making steel?
6.  What types of industries are found in Pittsburgh today?

Pg. 146
7.  What are the benefits of a healthy economy to an area?

Famous Inventions Time Line

Cut each date and event out.  Glue them on a separate piece of paper in the correct order that they occurred.

1885:  Automobile
                 The earliest cars can go only 8 miles per hour.

1903:  Airplane
                  Orville and Wilbur Wright build Flyer, the world’s first successful airplane.

1819:  Steamship
                   The first steamship crosses the Atlantic Ocean in 3 weeks, up to 2 months faster than a ship with sails.
1793:  Cotton Gin
                   The cotton gin makes it profitable for farmers in the South to grow cotton.

1895:  Radio
                  Italy’s Guglielmo Marconi invents the radio.

1830:  America Locomotive
                 Peter Cooper constructs a small, steam powered locomotive nicknamed the Tom Thumb.

1879:  Electric Light Bulb
                 The electric light bulb is the first electric lighting that can be used in homes.

1877:  Phonograph
                 Thomas Alva Edison invents the phonograph.

1876:  Telephone
                 Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone.


The Northeast

Lesson PPT
Read and Respond ws
Study Guide
US Map Practice
NE Region WS & Activities
Shepherd's geography site
NE states and capitals ppt

northeast states map

Northeast states, capitals, abbreviations capitols quiz

Augusta, ME 

New Hampshire

Concord, NH 


Montpelier, VT 

New York

Albany, NY 


Harrisburg, PA 


Annapolis, MD 


Boston, MA 

Rhode Island

Providence, RI 


Hartford, CT 

New Jersey

Trenton, NJ 


Dover, DE 

Washington, D.C. 

The capitol of the U.S. 

Enchanted Learning capitols ws
50 states and capitols flip chart
NE states map quiz
Quia NE states Practice
Northeast states word search
NE States Study Table
  1. _______________- a huge sheet of ice that covers land.
  2. _______________- a deep, narrow valley, usually with a stream or river.
  3. _______________- is power produced by capturing the energy of flowing water.
  4. _______________- is electricity produced by water.
  5. _______________- a piece of land almost surrounded by water, or extending far out into the water.
  6. _______________- a place that holds water.
  7. _______________- an area of soft, wet, spongy ground.
  8. _______________- the liquid that circulates through a plant carrying water and food.
  9. _______________- material that was never alive and is found in the earth.
  10. _______________-a part of a sea or lake that cuts into the coastline.
  11. _______________- a narrow opening in a coastline.
  12. What is one of the natural wonders of North America located in the Northeast?
  1. What are the mountains of the Northeast?
  1. What is a lighthouse?
  1. What is a vineyard?
  1. What bays are located in the northeast?
Identify the states and capitals of the Northeast:







Economics 4

Lesson Power Point

pg. 67-78

1. Need - something a person must have to live.

2. Want - something a person would like to have but can live without.
3. barter - to ttrade one kind of goods or service for another. 
4. What president's picture is on the quarter? George Washington 
5. What president is on the nickel? Thomas Jefferson? 
6. what president is on the dime? Franklin D. Roosevelt? 

7. What president is on the penny? Abraham Lincoln 

8. the first coins used were the copper cent and the silver dollar. 

9. The United States economy is based on the free enterprise system. 

10. why is the U.S. called the Land of Plenty? The U.S. is filled with natural resources like trees, rich soil, wheat, corn, animals, and fish. 

11. Why did the settlers move west? They moved west to find more land. 

12. What does urban mean? An urban area is an area that is in a city . 

13. What does rural mean? A rural area is one that is small farms and towns. 

14. What is a natural resources? A natural resources is something in the environment that can be used. 

15. What is technology? It is the development and use of scientific knowledge to solve problems. 

Printable Document

Read and Respond Questions

pg. 67

1. What did the first Americans find when they came to the continent? 

2. Why did trade develop among different Native american groups?

3. How did Native americans help the early European settlers?

pg. 68

4. How could farmers in the 1700s and 1800s earn money?

5. Why did settlers begin moving westward?

pg. 69

6. How did the discovery of gold affect the settlement of the West Coast?

pg. 70

7. How did the railroad contribute to the economic growth of the United States?

8. What natural resources were important in the industrial growth of the U.S.?

pg. 71

9. what is the difference between a rural and an urban nation? 

pg. 73

10. What basic needs did people trade for in the past?

11. Would you classify popcorn as a need or a want? Why?

12. How might you obtain a good or a service if you did not have any money?

pg. 74

13. Who invented the type of money we use today?

14. Why do you think people need money?

pg. 75

15. Why do you think beads and tobacco leaves sometimes wer eused as money in the colonies?

16. Why do you think the first U.s. coins did not have pictures of the U.S. presidents on them? 

printable document


Presidential Innauguration

 Study Guide PPT
 Vocabulary ppt
 Trading Card ws
 Primary Source
 The Presidential Oath
 What Happens on Inauguration Day?
I Do Solemnly Swear
2009 Inaugural Events Watch online
 Inaugural Balls
 PBS Inaugural Videos
 Portraits of Presidents
 Inauguration Trivia Activity
  Website for History of Inaugurations
  Inauguration History Quiz
  Inaugural Facts
1. Inauguration - formal induction into office.

2. Oath of Office - Promise to uphold the requirements of the office.

3. Inaugural Ball - a large party or dance after the Inauguration

4. Swearing In - 

5. Constitution - A system of laws and principles of a government in a written document.

6. Commander - in - Chief - The president; the commander of the nation's military forces.

7. Who is being inaugurated?
8. Name two people who attend the inauguration.
9. When does the innauguration take place?
10. Where does the innauguration take place?
11. Why is this inauguration important?
12. Why does this inauguration take place?
13. What are some events that take place on inauguration day?
14. How does the President take the Oath of Office?
15. Be able to write a letter to President Elect Barack Obama and congratulate him on being elected President of the U.S. Tell him what you think are important things that he should try to do for the U.S.

Lesson Plans
Day 1
1. TLW view ppt and write the vocabulary with definitions.

Day 2
TLW fill out GO Chart 5W+H about the inauguration. Answers found in websites.

Day 3
TLW make trading cards about former presidents and information about them using tmeplates. Templates can be used online and then printed.

Day 4
Complete text box activity.
Review notes. Write a letter to President Obama including goals they would like to see achieved and good wishes to the president and his family. 

Day 5 Weekly Quiz

Economics part 2

Lesson Power Point
Brain pop Supply & Demand
Several Economics ppts
Economics in the Elem Classrm. ppt
Online Practice Test (new)
Economics 2/3 
1. An economy is the resources of a country, state, region, or community and how the resources are managed. 
2. A free enterprise system is one in which businesses have the right to produce any goods or provide any service that they want. 
3. The costs of the natural resources, machinery, and workers used to make the product are included in the price of a product. 
4. A profit is the money a business person has left over after all the costs of the business are paid. 
5. A company would sell a shirt for $20.  00 when it only costs $15.00 to make it because the company wants to make a profit.
6. It is important for a business to make a profit so that the business owners can improve the business and buy the things they need and want. 
7. The quantity of an item that sellers are willing to offer at different prices is called the supply. 
8. The quantity of an item that consumers are willing to buy at different prices is the demand.
9. A seller is someone who promotes or exchanges goods or services for money.
10.   A consumer is a person who uses goods or services that have been purchased.
11. In a free enterprise economy, the price of a product is based on the supply and demand for that product. 
12. Example: The more there is of a product then the lower the price; less products means that the price is higher. 
13. It is important for people to make careful choices when spending their money because they cannot have everything they want.
14. An opportunity choice is what you give up when you choose one thing over another. 
15. We can all contribute to our nation’s economy.   If you buy something, you are a consumer.  Every time you buy something, you make a contribution to the economy of the United States. 
16. Consumers contribute to the economy by buying goods.  Workers contribute by producing goods or services. 
17. You can prepare yourself for work by studying, going to school, and learning certain skills. 
Think About:
1. Was there a time that you had to make a choice because you didn't have enough money to get everything that you wanted? What did you choose and why?
2. Would you want the government to tell you what you could buy or sell? Why or why not?
3. What kind of business would you like to have? What would you sell?
Lesson Plans:

1. View the class ppt. and fill out teacher made study guide.
2. Read text pg. 76-79.
4. Brain pop on supply and demand.
5. Understanding Economics from United streaming. Complete the quiz which is included. 
6. Review with face partner.
Weekly Quiz

Economy Part 1 2008
 Lesson PPT
Study Guide for Economics 1 of 3

1.  An economy is the system in which the products of a region are made, managed, and sold. 
2. Agriculture is the business of growing crops and raising animals. 
3. Crops grown in Louisiana are rice, cotton, sugar cane, soybeans.
4. Louisianians buy and sell many different types of products, from farm goods, such as milk and vegetables, to fuel for jet airplanes.
5. Manufacturing is the largest part of Louisiana’s economy today.
6. Manufacturing_ is the making of products.  Louisiana manufactures many goods using oil, and other valuable minerals found in the state.  One important kind of manufacturing in Louisiana is food processing.
7. Food Processing  is the process of making agricultural products into food products
8. Fishing  and transportation are two other major parts of Louisiana’s economy.  Louisiana’s _fishing industry makes more money than any other state except Alaska.
9. Louisiana is surrounded by several bodies of water including the Gulf of Mexico and the Mississippi River, from which fish can be caught.
10. Louisiana has some of the busiest ports in the world.  Huge ships bring goods in and out of New Orleans and other ports.  People pay to have goods shipped to and from these ports.
11. A service is another important part of Louisiana’s economy.  Services are jobs someone does to help others like teachers, lawyers, and doctors.
12. Cash, checks, and credit cards are forms of money that can be used to purchase goods.
13. Cash is made up of the bills and coins that you used to.  The government prints bills at a special place in a special place in Washington D.C. called the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.   Coins are printed at places called mints.
14. Banks are a safe place where people save their money.  If money is saved at a bank, you use a check to pay for goods.   Checks represent money that you have in the bank.
15. _Credit cards represent money that you will pay later.  A credit card company loans you money.  It gives you a plastic card that you can use to buy goods and services.  Each month, the credit card sends you a statement in the mail that you have to pay back.

 Economics Part 1 2009

Assembly Line Brain Pop Supply and Demand Brain pop  


1. What is the way in which the resources of a country, state, region, or community are managed? economy

2. What is a product someone makes or grows? good

3. What is a job people do to help other people? service

4. Is delivering mail an example of a good or service? service

5. Is bananas an example of a good or service? good

6. Name three examples of GOODS that Louisiana is known for:rice, sugar cane, cotton, soy beans, sweet potatoes, grains

7. List three examples of SERVICES Louisiana is known for: mail delivery, ship ports, airplanes, truck transport, fire fighters, polic

8. What is something that a person CANNOT live with out called? a need

9. What is something that you would like to have, but can survive without called? a Want

10. What are the four basic needs a human has? food, water, shelter, clothing

11. What are the four metods of transportation?
truck, train, plane, ship

12. What is an arrangement of workers in which work passes from person to person in direct line until the product is assembled? Each person has a specific job that he does over and over? assembly line

13. Who was the first person to use an assembly line? He used it in his car business. Henry Ford

14. How has technology changed to make jobs easier? Technology has changed over the years to provide advancement in equipment, more efficient products, and new ways of communication.

15. What is shortness in supply called? scarcity.

16. What is it called when there is not enough of something to meet people's needs or wants? scarce

Lesson Plans
Day 1:
· Introduction to economics: Play United Streaming: Understanding Economics (25min)
· TTW present PPT presentation
· TLW complete study guide # 1-9
Day 2:
· TLW review goods and services from study guide.
· TLW complete tree map to categorize pictures of goods or services.
· TLW complete study guide # 10-12
· Day 1 of Bananas
Day 3:
· Day 2 of Bananas
· Discuss modes of transportation used in the story and compare the costs.
· TLW complete a double bubble map with a partner comparing two of the modes of transportation.
Day 4:
· Day 3 of Bananas
· TLW complete transportation sheet on four methods of transportation.
· TLW view a brainpop or United Streaming video.
Day 5:
· TLW complete study guide # 13-15
· TLW participate in Paper bag lesson on scarcity. (see attached handout for specific directions)
· TLW sing the scarcity song.
· TLW participate in Space in Japan lesson. (block off in hall)
Day 6:
· TLW review the good and services definitions.
o Discuss how these are made and completed today. How were they done before technology and inventions? Discuss advances with technology vs. assembly line.
o Discuss the assembly line production from the book.
o Complete the comparing the past and present worksheet.
o Optional assembly line activity. Materials required to participate.
Day 7:
· TLW review the study guide with a partner
· TLW participate in a “Find Someone Who” Kagan review activity
· TLW view a united streaming video or brainpop.
Day 8:
· TLW demonstrate knowledge of economics part 1 by taking test.
United Streaming Videos:
· Understanding Economics (25 minutes)
· Production workers and the goods they produce (16 minutes)
· Service workers and the services they provide (17 minutes)
· Economics: The Production, Distrubution, and Consumption of the goods and services
Brainpop videos:
· Assembly line
Brainpop Jr.
· Goods and services
· Needs and wants


Economics 2 -2009

Economics 2 Flip Chart


1. Economy is about the use of resources.

2. There are three types of resources: 1. Natural Resources 2. Capital Resources 3. Human Resources

3. Natural Resources are things found on earth or in nature. Some examples are: land, rocks, water, coal, iron, oil, plants, animals, sunlight.

4. Human Resources are the people who work or do labor. Examples are: teachers, clerks , cowboys, carpenters, doctors, truck drivers.

5. Capital Resources are made by people and used by people to make other things. They are used over and over without being used up. Examples are: Machines, tractors, tools, equipment, factory buildings, computers, cash registers.

6. Producers are people or companies that make goods or provide services. They sell their goods or services.

7. Consumers are buyers. They spend their money to get things they need or want.

8. Production is the way that goods or services are made. Production makes use of the three resources.

9. Interdependence is when people or countries depend on each other.

KNow the reason why someone can be a producer and a consumer.

Know why we need both producers and consumers.


Day 1:

  • Introduce new material with PPT and study guide.
  • TLW view a video on “Learning about natural resources”.
  • TLW complete “Resources” handout.  Finish for HW.

Day 2:

  • Review study guide material in Kagan structure.
  • TLW create a tree map of producers and consumers by either listing them or cutting them out of magazines.  Then, label the producers as either manufacturing producers or service producers.
  • TTW discuss consumers and producers through lesson provided.  Read the story and discuss how people play both roles, but not at the same time.
  • Discuss interdependence and introduce paper doll activity. 
  • HW:  Paper doll activity and “Producers and Consumers” WS.

Day 3:

  • TTW display paper dolls of producers and consumers.   Review HW worksheet.
  • “Goat in the Rug” Lesson
    • Read the story
    • TLW work with a partner and put the events in sequence by creating a flow map of story events. 
    • TLW create a tree map classifying examples of resources used in the story.  Label each example.

Optional:  Instruct students to write about something they produce at home. (ex:  making a sandwich, clean room, set table, do homework)  Remind them this will be a narrative of telling a story.  Students should mention different types of resources or goods used.

Day 4:

  • Finish “Goat in the Rug” lesson if needed.
  • TLW view a United Streaming video from box.
  • TLW Review resources by completing “What Kind of Resource Is It?” WS.
  • Check WS and discuss.
  • HW:  Study for test.

Day 5:

  • TLW demonstrate knowledge of Economics Part 2 by taking a teacher made test.


Economics Part 3



Supply and Demand Brain pop


1. What is supply? Supply is the amount of a good available to purchase.

2. What is demand? Demand is the want or desire to purchase a good. (When a lot of people want something, there is a high demand for it. When few people want something, there is a low demand for it.)

3. What is specialization? Specialization is when a person focuses on one particular job.

4. What is division of labor? Division of labor is when the work is split up and each person has their own part to do.

5.What is interdependence? Interdependence is when people or countries depend on each other to get a job done.

6. What is world trade? Word trade is when countries trade goods and services with each other.

7. What are imports? Imports are goods made somewhere else and shipped IN to the U.S.

8. What are exports? Exports are goods made in the U.S. and shipped OUT to other countries. (exit)

9. Name one thing that the U.S. imports. oil

10. Name one thing that the U.S. exports: capital resources - machinery and equipment

Lesson Plans

Economics Part 3
Supply and Demand / Specialization and Interdependence
February 1-5, 2010

Day 1

  • TLW view Brainpop on Supply and Demand ( can give quiz as grade or bonus)
  • TTW present new definitions and information on PPT presentation.  TLW follow along with guided notes.
  • Optional activity:  “Academy Curricular Exchange” see attached handout.

Day 2:

  • TLW complete the “Demand Worksheet”.  Review and discuss graph.
  • Discuss name brands (GAP vs. Wal-Mart) and why both can stay in business.
  • Mad, Mad, Toy Craze book and quiz.
  • HW:  “Price War” sheet

Day 3:

  • TTW read the “The King with the Terrible Temper” and discuss specialization.
    • Make sure to read the handout to divide the group into the sounds that the character makes.
  • “Specialization” handout
  • “World Trade” handout

Day 4:

  • Go over “Specialization” handout.  Discuss thoroughly to go into activity.
  • Divide class into groups of 4-5 students.  Display products to be made (Mardi Gras cards- come see example that I made) Explain that the object is to make as many as possible in a given time.  Give time for them to discuss how they will divide themselves to do each job.  After they make them, discuss why some groups had more than others.  You can have them do it individually also to see the difference. 
  • Points to emphasize:
    • Specialization increases interdependence.
    • Specialization effects productivity.
    • Past and present economics in relation to interdependence and specialization.

Day 5:

  • TLW review in a KAGAN activity.
  • TLW review in an ACTIVOTE flip chart.
  • Brainpop:

    • Supply and Demand

    United Streaming:

    • Understanding Economics
      TLW demonstrate knowledge on teacher made test.




Purposes of Government and Forms of Government

Un Str Video
Forms of Government Lesson PPT
Ben's Guide to Government

Study Guide

Forms of Government
1. A democracy is a form of government where the people rule by voting.
2. A monarchy is a form of government with a king or queen.
3. A dictatorship is a form of government where the citizens have no right or few rights and are ruled by a powerful leader that rules by threats.
4. A republic is any government with a sole leader other than a monarch.
5. A punishment received when a law is broken is called a consequence.
6. Money collected by the government is called taxes.
7. Government is a system for deciding what is best for a group of people.  Its purpose is to protect its group’s members and settle disagreements between them.
8. Another word for rules that our government makes and carries out is laws.
9. What is a law or rule that would protect the students and Abney?_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
10. Students are talking in the hall at Abney elementary while others are learning.  Why is this problem? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________
11. Write a logical consequence for someone who breaks this law. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________
12. What is the main purpose of government?  The main purpose of government is to make and carry out laws. 
13. In the United States there are three levels of government.  List each level and person in charge at that level.
Local – Mayor Ben Morris
State – Governor Bobby Jindal
Federal/National – President Elect Barack Obama
14. Identify the level of government that is in charge of the following jobs. 
Maintain state parks – state
Pick up trash – local
Monitor the mail- federal
Military – federal
Maintain state highways – state
Street lights in your neighborhood - local

Elections 1

Lesson PPT
Study Guide
Campaign Words ppt
Bens's Guide to Government
Read and Color books
Political Beliefs Brain Pop
Life in the USA
This Nation
White House Government
Presidential Elections BrainPop
Political Parties brain pop
Voting Brain Pop
1.  Political parties send ¬¬¬¬delegates (members) to choose a nominee for president. They
“represent” the party members in their state.

2. Some of the Democrats running for president were Hillary Clinton, Barack Obama, and John Edwards.

3. The election is on November 4, 2008 and will be the 55th consecutive election for president.

4. Some of the Republicans were Rudi Giuliani, Mike Huckabee, John McCain, and Mitt Romney.

5. Presidential candidate Andrew Jackson was the first Democrat ever to be associated with the donkey symbol. His opponents during the election of 1828 tried to label him a “donkey" for his populist beliefs.

6. Political Parties use 2 ways to let the people in their state have a voice in who runs for office. The two ways are caucuses and _primaries.

7. The Republican Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States.   It is often referred to as the Grand Old Party or the GOP.

8. Elections for the office of President of the United States are held every 4 years.

9. A primary election is an election in which voters in a jurisdiction select candidates for a subsequent election.

10. Qualifications to run for President of the United States:   Must be a natural-born citizen  of the U.S. ;  Must be at least 35 years old; and  Must have lived in the U.S at least 14 years.

11. No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice.

12. The symbol for the Republican party is the elephant.  In a cartoon that appeared in Harper's Weekly the artist drew a donkey clothed in lion's skin, scaring away all the animals at the zoo.

13. George W. Bush is president of the United States and Richar


Elections 2


The Issues Lesson ppt
Scavenger Hunt
Brain Pop- political beliefs
1. In November 2008 there will be an election.
2. Many people are sneaking into the United States; these people are illegal immigrants.
3. Should the president raise taxes to pay for things like health care?
4. The environment is another issue.  You have probably heard on the news about global warming.
5. How is the voter to know the best candidate to vote for?
6. Voters will choose a new president.
7. Many people cannot get health insurance.
8. Some Americans think that illegal immigrants are stealing jobs from Americans.
9. Should the government spend more or less?
10. Voters should vote for the best candidate that they believe will do the best job on the issues the voter cares the most about.

Constructed response questions – Be able to write a five (5) sentence paragraph about each question. 

11.  Do you think that the government should help people who need health care and don’t have the money to pay for it?  Explain why or why not. 

12. What can you do to protect the environment?   What should the government do?


Social Studies
Unit 1 Lesson 2 (pg. 18-23)
Climate ppt

Guiding Questions:
1. Can students explain what causes Earth's surface to change?
2. Can students discuss how people impact their environment and in what way people depend on it?

    1. G-1B-E1: Describe and compare the distinguishing characteristics of various landforms, bodies of water, climates and forms of vegetation in the United States.
    2. G-1D-E1: Identify ways in which people in the United States depend upon and modify the physical environment.

Study guide
Water Cycle PPT
Kidzone - water cycle information
Drippy the Drop
Water Cycle ppt
Water Cycle ppt
American Geography Close Ups: Maps, Regions, Resources, Climates
Water Smart: The Sun, Water Video
Filters Fast Water Cycle Info
Water Cycle Flip ChartStudy Guide
1. Weather is the condition of the air at a certain time and a certain place.

2. The weather of a place averaged over a long period of time is the climate.

3. Two major factors of weather & climate are:  precipitation, temperature.

4. Water that falls is called precipitation in the form of rain or snow.

5. Moisture in the air is humidity.

6. Three quarters of earth’s surface is covered by water.

7. The most important factor in determining the climate of a place is its location.

8. Three factors that affect weather are:  elevation, distance from the equator, distance from a large body of water.

9. Elevation is how high a place is above sea level.

10. The four types of climates in the United States are tropical, temperate, subarctic, and polar.

11. Tropical climates are usually very warm and are nearest the equator.

12. Subarctic climates are closer to the North Pole and are in the mountains.

13. Temperate climates are between tropical and subarctic and near an ocean.

14. The coldest climate is polar and is further from the equator. water cycle gif  animated diagram  Create your own water cycle  Many watercyle resources

good cycle demo.

Water cycle mathching game



Regional Resources
Text pgs. 26-31

G-1D-E4: Describe the importance of specific natural resources to human survival and endeavors.
G-1C-E5: Locate economic activities that use natural resources in the local region, state, and nation and describe the importance of the activities to these areas.

Map Resource Packs for PB.  Display as a background and have students label resources appropriately:

United Streaming video: "Learning About Nature
Study Guide: Match the words with the definitions.

Agriculture                         A job that a person does for others.
Capital resource                 resources that have been changed so people can use them.
Conserve                             Changed by a process for use.
Harvest                               Things that people make or grow.
Human resources                A form of business, like manufacturing.
Industry                              The business of making products to sell.
Manufacturing                      Cut from a field for use.
Natural resource                 Things people make to produce products (tools or machines)
Nonrenewable resource       Using the soil to raise crops or animals.
Processed                             To use resources carefully.
Product                                 A resource that can be replaced.
Raw material                        To use something (such as a resource) again.
Recycle                                A resource that cannot be replaced.
Renewable resource           The people that make products or provide services.
Service                                Something in the environment that people use.

List 4 examples of natural resources.  _________________________________________________
List 3 renewable resources and 3 nonrenewable resources.  ___________________________________
How can we protect our nonrenewable resources? __________________________________________
How do the resources in an area affect the jobs available there?  _______________________________

Explain the 3 types of resources (natural, capital and human).  ________________________________
Pick a raw material.  Describe its journey from raw material through processing to a finished product.  ___________________________________________________________________________
Explain how resources are important to local economies.  (Hint:  why do snow-skiing instructors usually not move to Louisiana and shrimp boat captains usually not move to Montana?)  ___________

Label the outline of Louisiana with pictures representing 3 natural resources that we have.
al Resources".

 State of Louisiana

 LA Facts


Agriculture - Using the soil to raise crops for animals.

Capital Resource - Things people make to produce products. (tools or machines)

Conserve - to use resources carefully

Harvest - to cut from a field for use

Human Resources- the people that make products or provide services

Industry- a form of business like manufacturing

Manufacturing-making products to sell

Natural Resource- something in the environment that people use

Nonrenewable Resource - A resource that cannot be replaced

Processed- changed by a process for use

Product- things that people make or grow

Raw material- anatural resource that has been changed or processed so that people can use them to make other products.

Recycle  - to use something again

Renewable Resource - a resource that can be replaced

Service- jobs that people do for others

List 4 examples of natural resources.  (pg 27) forests, soil, water, and plants

List 3 renewable resources and 3 nonrenewable resources.

    Renewable Resources: (pg 29) trees, soil and water
   Nonrenewable Resources (pg 29) fuels such as coal, natural gas, and oil.

How can we protect our nonrenewable resources? We can protect our nonrenewable resources by reducing what we use, recycling items, and reusing items.

How do the resources in an area affect the jobs available there?
When making products people need to use capital resources . Business and jobs will be a result of what resources are in the area. For example, some parts of the northeast are too rocky for large farms, so other industries have been built around the resources of the region.

Explain the 3 types of resources (natural, capital and human).
Natural resources are things in the environment that people can use.
Capital resources are things that people make in order to produce products.
Human resources are people who make products and produce services.

Pick a raw material.  Describe its journey from raw material through processing to a finished product.
oak tree - is a natural resource -> lumber-> used to build furniture or homes

wheat - a raw material ->  processed into flour  -> used to make bread, cake, or pancakes

Explain how resources are important to local economies.
(Hint:  why do snow-skiing instructors usually not move to Louisiana and shrimp boat captains usually not move to Montana?)
The resources in each region help the buisnesses that grow there.  In Louisiana we have a good seafood industry because we have many water resources which contain seafood that can be caught and sold to restaurants on people.

Soil is an important resource. In the southeast, the soil is rich and fertile and many people work in agriculture or farming to raise crops or animals.


Branches of Government

    Legislative Branch                  Executive Branch        Judicial Branch

Guiding Questions

1. Can students identify the various roles the government plays in the community and the rights of the citizens?

2. Can students define the roles of both elected and appointed officials and how they serve the community at the local, state and national levels?

3. Can students explain why we need a government and identify the three major branches of government?

Day 1
Identify and discuss vocabulary using "United States Government Vocabulary" ppt.

2)  TLW watch United Streaming Video Almost Painless Guide to the Constitution.

Homework:  Vocabulary worksheet (shown below study guide)
Day 2:
1)  TLW review vocabulary.  (Q&A)  Vocabulary GAme
2) TLW read about government structure.  Textbook Pp. 46-49
3) TLW watch United Streaming Video “This is Our Government”
4) TLW complete a Tree Map showing the levels of government and our current leadership:

The Three Levels of Government

LOCAL                                  STATE                  NATIONAL
City (Mayor Ben Morris)    overnor Kathleen Blanco      President George Bush
Parish (Pres.Kevin Davis)   Lt. Governor Mitch Landrieu  Vice Pres. Dick Cheney

Homework: Write one sentence with your vocabulary words.
Day 3:
1)  TLW review vocabulary.  (Q&A)
2) TLW read about government structure.  Textbook Pp. 50-53
3) TLW watch United Streaming video Almost Painless Guide to the Executive Branch(and, time permitting one of the other two Almost Painless Guide to Judicial Branch or Almost Painless Guide to Legislative Branch”)
4) TLW complete a Tree Map showing the branches of government and their duties:

The Three Branches of Government

Judicial                             Legislative                      Executive
Supreme Court (9 justices)   House of Representatives
Federal Courts                  Senate                           President Bush
State Courts                 (Together called "Congress"      Vice Pres. Cheney
Local Courts                     or the Lesiglature)

Bill of Rights          Bill of Rights for Kids Interactive Site 

Social Studies Study Guide:  Branches of Government Name: __________________

VOCABULARY.  Write the correct vocabulary word in the blank.

1.  A ___is made up of the laws and people that run our country.
2.  The 1st ten amendments to our Constitution are called the ____.
3.  A ___ is a type of government in which the leaders are elected.
4.  A change to the Constitution is called a(n) ___.
5.  In a ___, every citizen has a right to take part in government.
6.  Our nation’s highest court (made up of 9 Justices) is called the ___.
____________________7.  A ___ is an official member of a country, either by birth or legal process.
____________________8.  The ___Branch of government is in charge of interpreting our nation’s laws.
____________________9.  The plan for our nation set up by our Founders is called the ___.
____________________10.  The ___ is where the President lives and works in Washington, D.C.
____________________11.  Our nation’s capital city is ___.
____________________12.  The ___Branch of government is in charge of enforcing our nation’s laws.
____________________13.  In a ___government, the national, state and local governments share power.
____________________14.  The Congress works in the ___ Building in Washington, D.C.
____________________15.  The ___ Branch of government makes our nation’s laws.


1.  List some things that the government does for us. ________________________________________________________________________

2.  Explain how a representative democracy works.  __________________________________________



3.  Where does the power of our government come from? _____________________________________

4.  List the three LEVELS of government and give at least one example of a person who works at each level.  __________________________________________________________________________




5.  List the three BRANCHES of government and the two parts of each branch.  ___________________




6.  Each state gets to have a certain number of Representatives in the House of Representatives based on their size and population.  (For example Louisiana has 7 Representatives while New Hampshire only has 2 because we are bigger.)  Each Representative gets a vote, meaning that the bigger the state, the more votes they get.    Do you think this is fair?  Why or why not?  __________________________________





7.  Do you think the Founders did a good job with the Bill of Rights (1st 10 Amendments of the Constitution) and do you think it was a good idea that they allowed for it to be changed in the future?




U.S. GOVERNMENT VOCABULARY  Worksheet  Name:___________________________________
1.   ___________________  is made up of laws we follow & people who run our country.
2.   ___________________  is a government (like the U.S.) in which the leaders are elected.
3.  ____________________ means to make decisions for someone else, like elected leaders do for the people who
                                              elect them.
4.  ____________________ is a type of government (like the U.S.) in which every citizen has a right to take part in
5.   ___________________  An official member of a country.
6.   ___________________  The “living document” written by the Founding Fathers of our country that established a
                                              wise plan for governing our country.
7.   ___________________  The capital city of the U.S.; where our national government meets & where the President
8.   ___________________  A system of government (like ours) in which the national, state and local governments
                                              share power.
9.   ___________________  The part of our government that makes laws; Congress.
10.  ___________________  The building located in Washington, D.C. where the Congress meets to work.
11.  ___________________  The part of our government in charge of enforcing our nation’s laws; President & Vice-
12.   ___________________  The house located in Washington, D.C. where the President lives and works.
13.   ___________________  The part of our government in charge of interpreting our laws; judges & courts.
14.  ____________________  A change to the Constitution.
15.  ____________________  The 1st 10 amendments to the Constitution that guaranteed freedom of religion, free speech, freedom of the press, the right to bear arms, the right to a fair trial, & other rights.

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Chapter 3 Lesson 1
pg. 66-71
The Land of Plenty

Why is the U.S. called the Land of Plenty?

Natural Resource - something in the environment that can be used. (p 27)

Technology-the development and use of scientific knowledge to solve practical problems (p70)

Rural - small towns or farms (pg. 71)

Urban - in the city (p 71)

Main Occupations
Important Resources
First Americans

Farmers, traders
Game animals, fish, fertile soil, wild plants 
Early European Settlers

Farmers, traders, raised sheep and cattle
Land, the settlers themselves(they cleared trees and set up farms. They could use the crops they grew and the animals they raised to feed their families. They could sell or trade their extra farm products to others;  gold
Early European Settlers 

railroad workers, steel workers, factory workers, city jobs
Iron, coal,- were used to make steel for sky scrapers, cars...; electricity, oil. These led to growth of industries that changed the way people lived and worked.
In 1870 the U.S. was a rural nation. Most Americans lived in small towns or on farms. By 1920 the U.S. had become an urban nation with most of the people living in cities. The rapid growth of industry changed the way people lived and worked. The use of natural resources and technological advances led to rapid industrial growth.

Why did settlers begin moving westward?
Settlers began moving westward because cities were over crowded. They moved to find more land. The discovery of gold in California also caused the settlers to move west.

How could farmers in the 1700s and 1800s earn money?
They could sell their extra farm products to others.

How did railroads contribute to the economic growth of the U.S.? Railroads contributed to the economic growth of the U.S. because they linked the resources of the West to markets in the East.

What natural resources were important in the industrial growth of the U.S.? Why?
Iron, coal, and oil were resources that were important to the growth of the U.S. They were important because iron and coal made it possible to create new technologies and build industry. Coal and oilwere used to run engines and new machines.

How was it discovered that there was gold in California?
James Marshall was a carpenter who was building a sawmill for John Sutter when he discovered gold. To make the river deep enough for the sawmill's waterwheel he had to dig a hole in the rivered. When he looked at the dirt from the river,he saw glittering gold.

Why did the first Americans come to the continent?
They may have come by accident, but they stayed because of the rich resources they found here.

Study Guide
Land of Plenty
Economics Vocab. Flipchart
Difference Between Needs and Wants Video
The Frontier Video

Unit 1: Chapter 3 Lesson 2
text pg. 72-79


1. Need - something a person must have to live

2. Want - something a person would like to have but can live without.

3. barter - to trade one kind of goods or service for another.

4. How might you honestly get something you really want if you don't have money?

5. Producers - people who make products  to sell.

6. consumer - people who buy goods or services.

7. What were the first coins used by the new United States government? The first coins used were the copper cent and the silver dollar.

8. What is the president's picture is on the quarter? George Washington

9. What president is on the dime? Franklin D. Roosevelt

10. What president is on the nickel? Thomas Jefferson

11. What presidentis on the penny? Abraham Lincoln

12. In the United States our economy is based on the free enterprise system.

13. economy - the way in which the resources of a country , state region, or community are managed.

14. Free enterprise system - one in which businesses have the right to produce any goods or provide any service theat they want. The government does not tell these businesses what they can produce or sell.

15. Profit- the money left over after the costs of a business are paid.

16. What is the difference between supply and demand?
Supply -is the amount  of an item that someone has to sell.  If a business has too much of a product, there is a large supply. The price may go down.
Demand - is the amount of an item that consumers are willing to buy at different prices.  If people want to buy an item, there is a high demand. The price may go up.

17. What effect could an increase in demand for a product have on the price of that product? The price can go up when more people want an item.

18. Opportunity cost - what is given up when one thing is chosen over another.

19. Our free enterprise system is based on supply and demand.

Workbook pg.16
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